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Carlos Kleiber

Carlos Kleiber is one of the legendary conductors of his time, famous for very infrequent, but supreme, interpretations of a very limited repertory. The New York Times has called him "the most venerated conductor since Arturo Toscanini."

His father was also one of the great conductors of the 20th Century, the Austrian Erich Kleiber (1890-1956). At the time Carlos was born, Erich had been Generalmusikdirektor of the Berlin State Opera, and had presented the world premiere of Alban Berg's opera "Wozzeck." In 1934, to protest Hitler's National Socialist government, he resigned and emigrated to South America.

Carlos was interested in music from an early age, and learned the basics from his family. But Erich opposed it as his son's career. When Carlos started his university studies in 1949 in Zürich, the chosen field was chemistry. He rebelled against this choice, returned to Buenos Aires at the end of his first year, and resumed studying music.

He returned to Europe in 1952 to become a repétiteur (rehearsal coach) and a stage assistant at the Theater am Gärtnerplatz in Munich. He made his conducting debut in Millöcker's "Gasparone" in 1954. He attained another repetiteur position in 1956 at the Deutsche Oper am Rhein in Düsseldorf and was promoted to conductor in 1958. From 1964 to 1966 he was a conductor at the Zürich Opera, then First Conductor at the Württemberg State Theater in Stuttgart (1966-1968). From 1968 to 1978 he was a conductor at the Bavarian State Opera in Munich.

During this period he made notable guest appearances. His British debut was conducting "Wozzeck" at the Edinburgh Festival in 1966. His Vienna debut was leading "Tristan und Isolde" in 1973; he debuted at Bayreuth conducting the same Wagner opera. In 1974 he appeared for the first time in Both Covent Garden (London) and La Scala (Milan), in both cases conducting Richard Strauss's "Der Rosenkavalier." His American debut vehicle was Verdi's "Otello," at San Francisco.

In the meantime he also started appearing as a conductor of orchestral concerts, leading a few of the greatest orchestras of the world, including the Chicago Symphony, the Vienna Philharmonic, and the Berlin Philharmonic.

After he gave up his position in Munich, he did not enter into any other permanent relationship with an orchestra or opera house. Instead, he adopted the practice of making rare guest appearances. On those occasions, he requires that the management grant him extra rehearsal time. At rehearsal he is a tireless perfectionist, with a remarkable intensity both in this part of the job and in performance itself. He produces performances of absolutely polished execution and a sense of having stripped away everything but the composer's purest intentions.

He has also released only a few recordings, but each one is considered a masterpiece of interpretation. His repertory includes some Beethoven, Brahms, and Mozart symphonies and overtures, the operas already mentioned (excluding the Millöcker work), Johann Strauss's "Die Fledermaus" and a few waltzes and other lighter works, which he has performed on Vienna Philharmonic New Year's Concerts. Some of his opera productions and a generous three-hour Unitel release featuring his rehearsal and conducting technique are available on video.

A very private man, he avoids public appearances and press interviews. He became a naturalized Austrian citizen in 1980. ~ Joseph Stevenson
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Carlos Kleiber - Complete Recordings On Deutsche Grammophon

Disc 1

1. Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67: 1. Allegro Con Brio

2. Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67: 2. Andante Con Moto

3. Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67: 3. Allegro

4. Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67: 4. Allegro

5. Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92: 1. Poco Sostenuto - Vivace

6. Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92: 2. Allegretto

7. Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92: 3. Presto - Assai Meno Presto

8. Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92: 4. Allegro Con Brio

Disc 2

1. Symphony No.4 In E Minor, Op.98: 1. Allegro Non Troppo

2. Symphony No.4 In E Minor, Op.98: 2. Andante Moderato

3. Symphony No.4 In E Minor, Op.98: 3. Allegro Giocoso - Poco Meno Presto - Tempo I

4. Symphony No.4 In E Minor, Op.98: 4. Allegro Energico E Passionato - Più Allegro

Disc 3

1. Symphony No.3 In D, D.200: 1. Adagio Maestoso - Allegro Con Brio

2. Symphony No.3 In D, D.200: 2. Allegretto

3. Symphony No.3 In D, D.200: 3. Menuetto (Vivace)

4. Symphony No.3 In D, D.200: 4. Presto. Vivace

5. Symphony No.8 In B Minor, D.759 - "Unfinished": 1. Allegro Moderato

6. Symphony No.8 In B Minor, D.759 - "Unfinished": 2. Andante Con Moto

Disc 4

1. Die Fledermaus: Overture

2. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Nr. 1 Introduktion: "Täubchen, Das Entflattert Ist"

3. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Dialog: Täubchen, Das Entflattert Ist

4. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Nr.1a (Duettino): "Ach, Ich Darf Nicht Hin Zu Dir!"

5. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Dialog: Die Arme Tante

6. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Nr.2 Terzett: "Nein, Mit Solchen Advokaten"

7. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Dialog: Sag Mal, Also Statt Fünf Musst Du Acht Tage

8. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Nr.3 Duett: "Komm Mit Mir Zum Souper"

9. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Dialog: Seid Ihr Verrückt Geworden?

10. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Nr.4 Terzett: "So Muss Allein Ich Bleiben"

11. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Dialog: Ach...Diese Männer

12. Die Fledermaus / Act 1: Nr.5 Finale: "Trinke, Liebchen, Trinke Schnell"

Disc 5

1. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Nr.6 Introduktion: "Ein Souper Heut Uns Winkt"

2. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Dialog: Adele, Wer Hat Denn Dich Hierher Eingeladen?

3. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Nr.7 Couplet: "Ich Lade Gern Mir Gäste Ein"

4. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Dialog: Durchlaucht, Hier Ist Ihre Brieftasche Wieder

5. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Nr.8 Ensemble Und Couplet: "Ach, Meine Herr'n Und Damen"

6. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: "Mein Herr Marquis"

7. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Dialog: Hoheit, Ein Chevalier Chagrin Ist Da

8. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Nr.9 Duett: "Dieser Anstand, So Manierlich"

9. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Dialog: Ah, Da Ist Ja Die Schöne Unbekannte

10. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Nr.10 Csárdás: "Klänge Der Heimat"

11. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Dialog: Bravo! Bravissimo!

12. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Nr.11 Finale: "Im Feuerstrom Der Reben"

13. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: "Herr, Chevalier, Ich Grüsse Sie!"

14. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Dialog: Wir Werden Jetzt Sehen Das Ballett

15. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: Polka "Unter Donner Und Blitz", Op.324

16. Die Fledermaus / Act 2: "Genug Damit, Genug"

17. Die Fledermaus / Act 3: Nr.12 Entr'acte

18. Die Fledermaus / Act 3: Dialog: Täubchen, Das Entflattert Ist

19. Die Fledermaus / Act 3: Nr.13 Melodram

20. Die Fledermaus / Act 3: Dialog: Ah, Der Herr Direktor Ist Entschlafen

21. Die Fledermaus / Act 3: Nr.14 Couplets: "Spiel' Ich Die Unschuld Vom Lande"

22. Die Fledermaus / Act 3: Dialog: Herr Direktor!

23. Die Fledermaus / Act 3: Nr.15 Terzett: "Ich Stehe Voll Zagen"

24. Die Fledermaus / Act 3: Dialog: Also, Du Willst Mir Vorwürfe Machen?

25. Die Fledermaus / Act 3: Nr.16 Finale: "O Fledermaus, O Fledermaus"

Disc 6

1. La Traviata / Act 1: Prelude

2. La Traviata / Act 1: "Dell'invito Trascorsa È Già L'ora"

3. La Traviata / Act 1: "Libiamo Ne'lieti Calici"

4. La Traviata / Act 1: "Che È Ciò?"

5. La Traviata / Act 1: "Un Dì Felice, Eterea"

6. La Traviata / Act 1: "Ebben? Che Diavol Fate?"

7. La Traviata / Act 1: "Si Ridesta In Ciel L'aurora"

8. La Traviata / Act 1: "E Strano! ... Ah, Fors'è Lui"

9. La Traviata / Act 1: "Follie! Delirio Vano È Questo!... Sempre Libera"

10. La Traviata / Act 2: "Lunge Da Lei" - "De' Miei Bollenti Spiriti"

11. La Traviata / Act 2: "Annina, Donde Vieni?... O Mio Rimorso!"

12. La Traviata / Act 2: "Alfredo?" - "Per Parigi Or Or Partiva"

13. La Traviata / Act 2: "Pura Siccome Un Angelo"

14. La Traviata / Act 2: "Non Sapete Quale Affetto"

15. La Traviata / Act 2: "Un Dì, Quando Le Veneri"

16. La Traviata / Act 2: "Ah! Dite Alla Giovine"

17. La Traviata / Act 2: "Imponete" - "Non Amarlo Ditegli"

18. La Traviata / Act 2: "Dammi Tu Forza, O Cielo!"

19. La Traviata / Act 2: "Che Fai?" - "Nulla"

20. La Traviata / Act 2: "Ah, Vive Sol Quel Core"

21. La Traviata / Act 2: "Di Provenza Il Mar, Il Suol"

22. La Traviata / Act 2: "Né Rispondi D'un Padre All'affetto?... No, Non Udrai Rimproveri"

Disc 7

1. La Traviata / Act 2: "Avrem Lieta Di Maschere La Notte"

2. La Traviata / Act 2: "Noi Siamo Zingarelle"

3. La Traviata / Act 2: "Di Madride Noi Siam Mattadori"

4. La Traviata / Act 2: "Alfredo! Voi!"

5. La Traviata / Act 2: "Invitato A Qui Seguirmi"

6. La Traviata / Act 2: "Ogni Suo Aver Tal Femmina"

7. La Traviata / Act 2: "Di Sprezzo Degno Se Stesso Rende"

8. La Traviata / Act 2: "Alfredo, Alfredo, Di Questo Core"

9. La Traviata / Act 3: Prelude

10. La Traviata / Act 3: "Annina?" - "Comandate?"

11. La Traviata / Act 3: "Tenesta La Promessa...Attendo, Né A Me Giungon Mai...Addio Del Passato"

12. La Traviata / Act 3: "Largo A Quadrupede"

13. La Traviata / Act 3: "Signora" - "Che T'accadde?" - "Parigi, O Cara, Noi Lasceremo"

14. La Traviata / Act 3: "Ah, Non Più!... Ah! Gran Dio! Morir Sì Giovine"

15. La Traviata / Act 3: "Ah, Violetta!" - "Voi? Signor?"

16. La Traviata / Act 3: "Prendi, Quest'è L'immagine"

Disc 8

1. Tristan Und Isolde, WWV 90: Prelude

2. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 1: "Westwärts Schweift Der Blick"

3. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 1: "Frisch Weht Der Wind Der Heimat Zu"

4. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 1: "Weh, Ach Wehe! Dies Zu Dulden"

5. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 1: "Auf! Auf! Ihr Frauen!"

6. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 1: "Herr Tristan Trete Nah!" - "Begehrt, Herrin, Was Ihr Wünscht"

7. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 1: "Tristan! - Isolde! Treuloser Holder!"

Disc 9

1. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: Prelude

2. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: "Hörst Du Sie Noch?"

3. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: "Isolde! Geliebte! - Tristan! Geliebter!"

4. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: "O Sink Hernieder, Nacht Der Liebe"

5. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: "Einsam Wachend In Der Nacht"

6. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: "Lausch, Geliebter!"

7. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: "Doch Unsre Liebe, Heißt Sie Nicht Tristan Und - Isolde?"

8. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: "So Starben Wir"

9. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: "Rette Dich, Tristan!"

10. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: "Tatest Du's Wirklich?"

11. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 2: "O König, Das Kann Ich Dir Nicht Sagen"

Disc 10

1. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: Prelude

2. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: (Man Hört Einen Hirtenreigen/The Sound Of A Shepherd's Pipe Is Heard/On Entend Une Mélodie De Berger)

3. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: "Kurwenal! He!"

4. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: "Hei Nun! Wie Du Kamst?"

5. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: "Noch Losch Das Licht Nicht Aus"

6. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: "Noch Ist Kein Schiff Zu Sehn!"

7. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: Bist Du Nun Tot? ...O Wonne! Freude!

8. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: "O Diese Sonne!"

9. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: "Ich Bin's, Ich Bin's"

10. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: "Kurwenal! Hör!"

11. Tristan Und Isolde / Act 3: "Mild Und Leise Wie Er Lächelt" (Isoldes Liebestod)

Disc 11

1. Der Freischütz, J. 277: Overture

2. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 1: "Viktoria! Viktoria! ..." - Bauern-Marsch - "Schau Der Herr Mich An Als König!"

3. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 1: "Was Gibt's Hier?"

4. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 1: "O Diese Sonne" - "Das Wild In Fluren Und Triften"

5. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 1: "Ein Braver Mann"

6. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 1: Walzer

7. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 1: "Nein, Länger Trag' Ich Nicht Die Qualen" - "Durch Die Wälder, Durch Die Auen"

8. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 1: "Kamerad!"

9. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 1: "Hier Im Irdschen Jammertal"

10. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 1: "Bruderherz!"

11. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 1: "Schweig - Damit Dich Niemand Warnt!"

12. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 2: "Schelm! Halt Fest!"

13. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 2: "So! Da Oben Mag Ich Den Herrn Urältervater"

14. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 2: "Kommt Ein Schlanker Bursch Gegangen"

15. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 2: "Und Der Bursch Nicht Minder Schön"

16. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 2: "Wie Nahte Mir Der Schlummer" - "Leise, Leise, Fromme Weise!"

17. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 2: "Meine Agathe!"

18. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 2: "Wie? Was? Entsetzen!"

Disc 12

1. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 2: "Milch Des Mondes Fiel Aufs Kraut" - "Samiel! Samiel! Erschein!" - "Ha!-Furchtbar Gähnt Der Düstre Abgrund"

2. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: Entr'acte

3. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: "Ein Herrliches Jagdwetter!"

4. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: "Und Ob Die Wolke Sie Verhülle"

5. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: "Du Hast Dich Dazugehalten!"

6. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: "Einst Träumte Meiner Sel'gen Base" - "Trübe Augen, Liebchen, Taugen"

7. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: "Nun Muß Ich Aber Den Kranz Holen"

8. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: "Wir Winden Dir Den Jungfernkranz"

9. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: "Was Gleicht Wohl Auf Erden Dem Jägervergnügen?"

10. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: "Genug Der Freuden Des Mahls"

11. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: "Schaut, O Schaut! Er Traf Die Eigne Braut!"

12. Der Freischütz, J. 277 / Act 3: "Wer Legt Auf Ihn So Strengen Bann?"

x

Track List: Beethoven: Symphonies Nos. 5 & 7

Title: Symphony No. 5 In C Minor ("Fate"), Op. 67

1. Symphony No. 5 In C Minor ("Fate"), Op. 67: I. Allegro Con Brio

2. Symphony No. 5 In C Minor ("Fate"), Op. 67: II. Andante Con Moto

3. Symphony No. 5 In C Minor ("Fate"), Op. 67: III. Allegro

4. Symphony No. 5 In C Minor ("Fate"), Op. 67: IV. Allegro - Presto

Title: Symphony No. 7 In A Major, Op. 92

5. Symphony No. 7 In A Major, Op. 92: I. Poco Sostenuto - Vivace

6. Symphony No. 7 In A Major, Op. 92: II. Allegretto

7. Symphony No. 7 In A Major, Op. 92: III. Allegro Vivace - Trio: Un Poco Meno Allegro

8. Symphony No. 7 In A Major, Op. 92: IV. Allegro Con Brio

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