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Franz Danzi

June 15, 1763 - April 13, 1826
born in Schwetzingen, Germany, composed during the Classical period
Italian composer Franz Danzi was an influence on Carl Maria von Weber and is sometimes classified as a "pre-Romantic" composer. He was the third musical child of Innozenz Danzi, an Italian cellist and member of the famous Mannheim Orchestra. Franz took cello, keyboard, and singing lessons from his father and won a job as cellist himself at Mannheim when he was only 15.

In March 1778 the Palatine electoral court and the orchestra moved to Munich, the elder Danzi went also, but Franz stayed behind to become a member of the newly organized National Theater orchestra; the Elector hoped to establish a German musical theater to counter the vogue for Italian works. Danzi also studied at the Abbé Vogler's Mannheim School of Music. The effort to establish a German theater meant work for talented composers, and although Danzi was young, he was given assignments to write incidental music.

In 1783 Danzi's father retired as cellist in the orchestra in Munich, and Franz went there to take his place. Thanks to his theatrical experience, Danzi was asked to compose an opera in Munich, a comic opera called Mitternachtsstunde (In the Midnight Hour). It was a hit, published, and played in many theaters. In 1790 Danzi married; he and his wife toured widely in Europe for several years and landed in Venice, where he became Kapellmeister, and she became prima donna of the Guardasoni company.

Danzi returned to Munich and in 1798 took a job supervising German musical theater and church music at the court. Two years later his wife died, and he also faced opposition from rival composers and the new elector. In 1807 he took an appointment as Kapellmeister in the court of King Frederick II of Württemberg in Stuttgart. In some respects it was a difficult appointment, but Danzi had one great compensation for the trials he endured: the fledgling composer Carl Maria von Weber was the secretary to the King's brother.

Although they were of different generations, Danzi and Weber became close personal and professional friends. Danzi was a trusted mentor to whom Weber showed his opera in progress, Silvana, for comments and assistance in working out problems. Danzi also organized the premiere of Weber's Abu Hassan. In 1812, after Weber fled Stuttgart to evade his father's debts, Danzi was given the additional duty of the teaching of musical composition in the new Institute of Art. He ended his career as Kapellmeister at the Baden court in Karlsruhe until his death, continuing to promote and produce Weber's works.

Danzi's operas were well known in his time; Iphigenie in Aulis was an unusual example for the time of a German opera with continuous music and no dialogue. He also wrote a large quantity of orchestral and chamber music, and songs. While works fell into classical forms, he kept up with modern harmonic ideas, on view among other places in the unusual amount of chromaticism he tended to use in the inner voices of his pieces. ~ Joseph Stevenson, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Danzi Wind Quintets Vol.3

Title: Quintet For Winds In A Major, Op 68/1

1. Quintet For Winds In A Major, Op 68/1: I. Allegro Moderato

2. Quintet For Winds In A Major, Op 68/1: II. Larghetto

3. Quintet For Winds In A Major, Op 68/1: III. Minuetto&trio

4. Quintet For Winds In A Major, Op 68/1: IV. Polacca

Title: Quintet For Winds No. 8 In F Major, Op. 68/2

5. Quintet For Winds No. 8 In F Major, Op. 68/2: I. Allegro

6. Quintet For Winds No. 8 In F Major, Op. 68/2: II. Andante Quasi Allegretto

7. Quintet For Winds No. 8 In F Major, Op. 68/2: III. Minuetto&trio

8. Quintet For Winds No. 8 In F Major, Op. 68/2: IV. Allegretto

Title: Quintet For Winds In D Minor, Op 68/3

9. Quintet For Winds In D Minor, Op 68/3: I. Andante Sostenuto-allegro

10. Quintet For Winds In D Minor, Op 68/3: II. Andante

11. Quintet For Winds In D Minor, Op 68/3: III. Minuetto&trio

12. Quintet For Winds In D Minor, Op 68/3: IV. Allegro Assai

Title: Quintet For Piano, Flute, Oboe, Clarinet & Bassoon In D Major, Op. 54

13. Quintet For Piano, Flute, Oboe, Clarinet & Bassoon In D Major, Op. 54: I. Larghetto-allegretto

14. Quintet For Piano, Flute, Oboe, Clarinet & Bassoon In D Major, Op. 54: II. Andante Con Moto

15. Quintet For Piano, Flute, Oboe, Clarinet & Bassoon In D Major, Op. 54: III. Allegro Brillante

x

Track List: Danzi: Quintet in E; Quintet in Ef

Title: Quintet For Winds In G Major, Op. 67/1

1. Quintet For Winds In G Major, Op. 67/1: I. Allegretto

2. Quintet For Winds In G Major, Op. 67/1: II. Andante Con Moto

3. Quintet For Winds In G Major, Op. 67/1: III. Minuetto: Allegretto

4. Quintet For Winds In G Major, Op. 67/1: IV. Allegretto Moderato

Title: Quintet For Winds In E Minor, Op 67/2

5. Quintet For Winds In E Minor, Op 67/2: I. Allegro Vivo

6. Quintet For Winds In E Minor, Op 67/2: II. Larghetto

7. Quintet For Winds In E Minor, Op 67/2: III. Minuetto: Allegretto

8. Quintet For Winds In E Minor, Op 67/2: IV. Allegretto

Title: Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3

9. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: I. Larghetto

10. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: II. Andante Moderato

11. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: III. Minuetto: Allegro

12. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: IV. Allegretto

Title: Sonata For Horn (or Cello) & Piano In E Flat, Op 28

13. Sonata For Horn (or Cello) & Piano In E Flat, Op 28: I. Adagio-allegro

14. Sonata For Horn (or Cello) & Piano In E Flat, Op 28: II. Larghetto

15. Sonata For Horn (or Cello) & Piano In E Flat, Op 28: III. Allegretto

x

Track List: Danzi: Wind Quintets, Op. 56, Nos. 1-3; Sextet in E flat major

Title: Quintet For Winds No. 1 In B Flat Major, Op. 56/1

1. Quintet For Winds No. 1 In B Flat Major, Op. 56/1: I. Allegretto

2. Quintet For Winds No. 1 In B Flat Major, Op. 56/1: II. Andante Con Moto

3. Quintet For Winds No. 1 In B Flat Major, Op. 56/1: III. Menuetto

4. Quintet For Winds No. 1 In B Flat Major, Op. 56/1: IV. Allegretto

Title: Quintet For Winds In G Minor, Op 56/2

5. Quintet For Winds In G Minor, Op 56/2: I. Allegretto

6. Quintet For Winds In G Minor, Op 56/2: II. Andante

7. Quintet For Winds In G Minor, Op 56/2: III. Menuetto

8. Quintet For Winds In G Minor, Op 56/2: IV. Allegretto

Title: Quintet For Winds, Op 56/3

9. Quintet For Winds, Op 56/3: I. Andante Sostenuto - Allegro

10. Quintet For Winds, Op 56/3: II. Andante

11. Quintet For Winds, Op 56/3: III. Menuetto

12. Quintet For Winds, Op 56/3: IV. Allegretto

Title: Sextet For Winds In E Flat Major

13. Sextet For Winds In E Flat Major: I. Allegro

14. Sextet For Winds In E Flat Major: II. Andante

15. Sextet For Winds In E Flat Major: III. Menuetto

16. Sextet For Winds In E Flat Major: IV. Allegretto

x

Track List: Franz Danzi, Kammermusik Mit Flote

Title: Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3

1. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: I. Larghetto

2. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: II. Andante Moderato

3. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: III. Minuetto: Allegro

4. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: IV. Allegretto

Title: Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Minor, Op. 56/2

5. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Minor, Op. 56/2: I. Allegretto

6. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Minor, Op. 56/2: II. Andantino

7. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Minor, Op. 56/2: III. Minuetto - Trio

8. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Minor, Op. 56/2: IV. Allegretto

Title: Duo For Flute & Cello, No 2 In D Major, Op 64

9. Duo For Flute & Cello, No 2 In D Major, Op 64: I. Larghetto

10. Duo For Flute & Cello, No 2 In D Major, Op 64: II. Allegretto Vivo

Title: Quintet In B Minor Op.50/2

11. Quintet In B Minor Op.50/2: I. Larghetto - Allegretto

12. Quintet In B Minor Op.50/2: II. Andantino

13. Quintet In B Minor Op.50/2: III. Minuetto - Trio

14. Quintet In B Minor Op.50/2: IV. Allegretto

x

Track List: Franz Danzi: Flute Quartets, Op. 56

Title: Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Major, Op. 56/1

1. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Major, Op. 56/1: I. Allegretto

2. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Major, Op. 56/1: II. Minuetto

3. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Major, Op. 56/1: III. Larghetto

4. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Major, Op. 56/1: IV. Allegretto

Title: Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Minor, Op. 56/2

5. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Minor, Op. 56/2: I. Allegretto

6. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Minor, Op. 56/2: II. Andantino

7. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Minor, Op. 56/2: III. Minuetto - Trio

8. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In D Minor, Op. 56/2: IV. Allegretto

Title: Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In F Major, Op. 56/3

9. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In F Major, Op. 56/3: I. Allegretto

10. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In F Major, Op. 56/3: II. Andante

11. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In F Major, Op. 56/3: III. Minuetto

12. Quartet For Flute, Violin, Viola & Cello In F Major, Op. 56/3: IV. Allegretto

x

Track List: Franz Danzi: Wind Quintets, Vol. 1

Title: Quintet For Winds In G Major, Op. 67/1

1. Quintet For Winds In G Major, Op. 67/1: I. Allegretto

2. Quintet For Winds In G Major, Op. 67/1: II. Andante Con Moto

3. Quintet For Winds In G Major, Op. 67/1: III. Minuetto: Allegretto

4. Quintet For Winds In G Major, Op. 67/1: IV. Allegretto Moderato

Title: Quintet For Winds In E Minor, Op 67/2

5. Quintet For Winds In E Minor, Op 67/2: I. Allegro Vivo

6. Quintet For Winds In E Minor, Op 67/2: II. Larghetto

7. Quintet For Winds In E Minor, Op 67/2: III. Minuetto: Allegretto

8. Quintet For Winds In E Minor, Op 67/2: IV. Allegretto

Title: Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3

9. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: I. Larghetto

10. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: II. Andante Moderato

11. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: III. Minuetto: Allegro

12. Quintet For Winds In E Flat Major, Op 67/3: IV. Allegretto

Title: Quintet For Piano & Woodwinds In F, Op 53

13. Quintet For Piano & Woodwinds In F, Op 53: I. Allegro

14. Quintet For Piano & Woodwinds In F, Op 53: II. Andante

15. Quintet For Piano & Woodwinds In F, Op 53: III. Polacca

Comments

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benjamincask e y 0 2
The orchestra he created should be heard underwater
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Always enjoyed playing Danzi's works!
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Very interesting composition. . . p l a y e r s have great technique.
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Ohh. I just looked up the bassoonist's info. So it must be on a baroque bassoon!! It was driving me crazy each time it played that the recording of the soloist sounded like it was made underwater. That's incredibly hard to play the Danzi on one of those beasts! Way to go Jane Gower! (https://mus i c a v i v a a u s t r a l i a . w o r d p r e s s . c o m / 2 0 1 1 / 0 6 / 1 4 / i n t e r v i e w - w i t h - j a n e - g o w e r - t o u r i n g - s o o n - w i t h - c o n c e r t o - c o p e n h a g e n / )
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The orchestra sounds fairly balanaced in the recording but why does it sound like the bassoonist is being recorded from underwater? Is she playing on a modern instrument? The technique and style is fine but I'm pretty confused what's up with the sound of the soloist or most likely the recording...
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Perfect!
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I love this.
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I play a bassoon and I know how hard it would be to reach some of those notes. Bravo, bassoonist forever!!!!
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breez600
Lovely, engaging music - thanks Pandora for helping me find enjoyable works from lesser known composers like Danzi.
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Great composer...w a y ahead of his time.

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