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Giovanni Pergolesi

January 4, 1710 - March 16, 1736
born in Jesi, Italy, composed during the Classical period
Despite his tragically short life, Pergolesi left an impressive oeuvre, including the intermezzo La serva padrona, one of the great examples of the Italian comic opera in the eighteenth century. A successful opera composer, Pergolesi was also a highly esteemed composer of church music, exemplified by his remarkable Stabat Mater.

Following musical studies in his native town, Pergolesi was sent to Naples in the early 1720s. He continued his studies at the Conservatorio dei Poveri di Gesu Cristo, where he also performed as a violinist, also making his debut as a composer. In 1731, Pergolesi received his first commission to compose an opera, which means that he had probably left the conservatory around that time. By early 1732, Pergolesi had composed two operas, which met with minimal success. That year, he became maestro di cappella to Prince Ferdinando Colona Stigliano, a prominent Neapolitan nobleman. Pergolesi's opera Lo frate 'nnamorato was performed, greeted with immense enthusiasm.

In 1733, Pergolesi was commissioned to write an opera for the celebration of the birthday of the Empress of Austria. Performed in 1733, this opera, Il prigioner superbo, contained a two-act intermezzo, La serva padrona, which eventually gained extraordinary popularity as a separate work. When Carlos de Bourbon entered Naples in 1734, re-establishing, with the support of Spanish troops, the Kingdom of Naples, Pergolesi was asked to write a mass. He compose d his Mass in F, which was performed in Rome, eliciting considerable interest. Pergolesi was now maestro di cappella to another Neapolitan nobleman, the Duke Maddaloni.

The success of his Mass brought Pergolesi another commission: an opera, L'Olimpiade, for the 1735 Carnival season in Rome. The opera was a failure; fortunately, Pergolesi's last stage effort, Il flaminio, a comedy, was successfully produced in Naples. In 1736, Pergolesi, suffering from tuberculosis, moved to the Franciscan monastery in Pozzuoli. During his final year, he composed the Stabat Mater, which contemporaries lauded as a successful introduction of the new galant style into the traditional domain of church music.

Pergolesi's Stabat Mater was first published in London, in 1749, eventually becoming the most frequently printed musical composition in the eighteenth century. La serva padrona, based on a story about a witty servant girl who plots to marry her elderly master, enjoyed great success in Europe following Pergolesi's death. In 1752, a performance of this work in Paris sparked the famous Querelle des Bouffons (Quarrel of the Comedians), the dispute between the supporters of Italian opera and the patriotic traditionalists, who favored French opera. During this dispute, La serva padrona was upheld as representative of the Italian operatic genius. Eighteenth century critics, as well as ordinary listeners, admired the opera's brilliant characterization and masterful plot development. Admired in the eighteenth century, this concise stage work, which possesses a timeless charm, has been appreciated by generations of listeners. ~ Zoran Minderovic, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Pergolesi: Stabat Mater; Orfeo

Title: Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major

1. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: I. Duet: Stabat Mater Dolorosa

2. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: II. Aria (Soprano): Cuius Animam Gementem

3. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: III. Aria (Alto): O Quam Tristis Et Afflicta

4. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: IV. Duet: Quae Moerebat Et Dolebat

5. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: V. Aria (Soprano): Quis Est Homo, Qui Non Fleret

6. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: VI. Aria (Soprano): Vidit Suum Dulcem Natum

7. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: VII. Aria (Alto): Eja, Mater, Fons Amoris

8. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: VIII. Duet: Fac, Ut Ardeat Cor Meum

9. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: IX. Duet: Sancta Mater, Istud Agas

10. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: X. Aria (Alto): Fac, Ut Portem Christi Mortem

11. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: XI. Duet: Inflammatus Et Accensus

12. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: XII. Duet: Quando Corpus Morietur

Title: Orfeo ("Nel Chiuso Centro"), Chamber Cantata For Soprano, Strings & Continuo, Op. 2/4

13. Orfeo ("Nel Chiuso Centro"), Chamber Cantata For Soprano, Strings & Continuo, Op. 2/4: Recitativo. Nel Chiuso Centro

14. Orfeo ("Nel Chiuso Centro"), Chamber Cantata For Soprano, Strings & Continuo, Op. 2/4: Aria. Euridice, E Dove, E Dove Sei?

15. Orfeo ("Nel Chiuso Centro"), Chamber Cantata For Soprano, Strings & Continuo, Op. 2/4: Recitativo. Si, Che Pietà Non V'è

16. Orfeo ("Nel Chiuso Centro"), Chamber Cantata For Soprano, Strings & Continuo, Op. 2/4: Aria. O, Euridice, N'andrò Festoso

x

Track List: Pergolesi: Stabat Mater; Salve Regina

Title: Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major

1. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: I. Duet: Stabat Mater Dolorosa

2. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: II. Aria (Soprano): Cuius Animam Gementem

3. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: III. Aria (Alto): O Quam Tristis Et Afflicta

4. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: IV. Duet: Quae Moerebat Et Dolebat

5. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: V. Aria (Soprano): Quis Est Homo, Qui Non Fleret

6. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: VI. Aria (Soprano): Vidit Suum Dulcem Natum

7. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: VII. Aria (Alto): Eja, Mater, Fons Amoris

8. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: VIII. Duet: Fac, Ut Ardeat Cor Meum

9. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: IX. Duet: Sancta Mater, Istud Agas

10. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: X. Aria (Alto): Fac, Ut Portem Christi Mortem

11. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: XI. Duet: Inflammatus Et Accensus

12. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: XII. Duet: Quando Corpus Morietur

Title: Salve Regina, For (mezzo-)soprano, Strings & Organ In C Minor

13. Salve Regina, For (mezzo-)soprano, Strings & Organ In C Minor: Salve Regina

14. Salve Regina, For (mezzo-)soprano, Strings & Organ In C Minor: Ad Te Clamamus

15. Salve Regina, For (mezzo-)soprano, Strings & Organ In C Minor: Ad Te Suspiramus

16. Salve Regina, For (mezzo-)soprano, Strings & Organ In C Minor: Eia Ergo

17. Salve Regina, For (mezzo-)soprano, Strings & Organ In C Minor: Et Jesum

18. Salve Regina, For (mezzo-)soprano, Strings & Organ In C Minor: O Clemens, O Pia

x

Track List: Pergolesi: Stabat Mater; Salve Regina; In Coelestibus Regnis

Title: Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major

1. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: I. Duet: Stabat Mater Dolorosa

2. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: II. Aria (Soprano): Cuius Animam Gementem

3. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: III. Aria (Alto): O Quam Tristis Et Afflicta

4. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: IV. Duet: Quae Moerebat Et Dolebat

5. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: V. Aria (Soprano): Quis Est Homo, Qui Non Fleret

6. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: VI. Aria (Soprano): Vidit Suum Dulcem Natum

7. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: VII. Aria (Alto): Eja, Mater, Fons Amoris

8. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: VIII. Duet: Fac, Ut Ardeat Cor Meum

9. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: IX. Duet: Sancta Mater, Istud Agas

10. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: X. Aria (Alto): Fac, Ut Portem Christi Mortem

11. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: XI. Duet: Inflammatus Et Accensus

12. Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major: XII. Duet: Quando Corpus Morietur

Title: Salve Regina, For Soprano, Strings & Organ In A Minor

13. Salve Regina, For Soprano, Strings & Organ In A Minor: Largo: Salve Regina, Mater Misericordiae

14. Salve Regina, For Soprano, Strings & Organ In A Minor: Allegro: Larghetto. Ad Te Clamamus Exsules

15. Salve Regina, For Soprano, Strings & Organ In A Minor: Andante: Eia Ergo Advocata

16. Salve Regina, For Soprano, Strings & Organ In A Minor: Largo: O Clemens, O Pia

Title: In Coelestibus Regnis, Antiphon For Alto, Strings & Organ

17. In Coelestibus Regnis, Antiphon For Alto, Strings & Organ: In Coelestibus Regnis

x

Track List: Stabat Mater: A Tribute To Pergolesi

Title: Orfeo ("Nel Chiuso Centro"), Chamber Cantata For Soprano, Strings & Continuo, Op. 2/4
Title: Li Prodigi Della Divina Grazia Nella Conversione Di S Gugliemo Duca D'Aquitania, Sacred Drama In 3 Acts
Title: Questo È Il Piano, Cantata For Alto, Strings & Continuo
Title: Stabat Mater, For Soprano, Alto, Strings & Organ In F Major

Comments

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As the Spirit dimension manifests, the Higher Power descends transforming all integrally; since everything is in process in that we’re truly evolving in an evolutionary - p r o c e s s that is coming into being, into full fruition of inner-realiz a t i o n which continues ad infinitum, a non-terminat i n g repeating process.
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Samsara (normal everyday consciousnes s ) becomes Nirvana from everlasting to Everlasting… In a community we share together & w/ mutual, reciprocal caring, one w/ another; there’s a meeting of minds in a spirit of cohesion and group camaraderie. - The transcendent a l enlivens, enlightens us in a spirit of transformati o n of our being into holistic, imperishable Being for evermore. We must truly die in this life in order to be reborn spiritually. . .
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Just returned to Pandora. For those who can, Boston Baroque is doing La Serva Padrona with Amanda Forsythe. She is an outstanding lyric soprano!! I wish I didn't live on the West Coast:-(. It's this weekend. Anyone who can should attend.
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If you've never heard La Serva Padrona on the old Nonesuch label. Do try to find it. There is nothing like it for energetic verve--the singers love and excitement for the music comes right through the recording.
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Beautiful
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I ADORE Pergolesi!
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rayraychill0 5
beautiful

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