November 29, 1879 - February 20, 1963
born in Denmark, composed during the Modern period
Jacob Gade was one of the most successful popular and light music composers in history. Paradoxically, the best-known example of that quintessentially Argentine dance form, the tango, was written by this Danish composer in Copenhagen.
He had no formal training as a musician or composer, but learned to play folk fiddle and was successful as a country band fiddler and leader. (He has no relation to the leading Danish classical composer Niels W. Gade.) He became one of the best known figures in Copenhagen as a restaurant and theater bandleader. He composed many hit songs for salons and musical revues, as well as light classical music.
In 1921, he became the leader of the orchestra known as the Palads Cinema of Copenhagen, the largest theater orchestra in the city. He wrote his most famous work, the tango Jalousie (Jealousy), as part of the accompaniment of a silent film.
This tune swept the entire world. It is one of the five best-known popular tunes in history. In the 1970s, based on reports of its royalties, it was estimated that since it was written, it had been played by some professional musician somewhere in the world every minute of every day, and was played more often than any other song until Lennon and McCartney's Yesterday pushed it to number two. It has frequently been parodied, but it continues to have immense popular appeal, particularly as the tango entered a period of revival after 1985.
Gade's full-time performing career ended in 1931 when the Palads Cinema disbanded its orchestra as talking pictures replaced silents. Gade moved back to rural Denmark, living very comfortably on the substantial royalties earned by Jalousie and other pieces, writing more ambitious orchestral scores. ~ Joseph Stevenson, Rovi