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Jean-Féry Rebel

April 18, 1666 - January 2, 1747
born in Paris, France, composed during the Baroque period
A leading composer of the fascinatingly ingrown French Baroque, Jean-Baptiste-Féry Rebel was, comparatively speaking, a musical progressive. He was baptized on April 18, 1666 into a musical Parisian family. His father, Jean Rebel, was a singer and probably a dancer in the court of Louis XIV, and his uncle was one of the King¹s chamber musicians. His elder sister Anne-Renée was also a singer (who married Michel-Richard de Lalande), and his younger half-brother was a musician to the Prince of Monaco. Jean-Féry was the most famous of Jean¹s children. No doubt he was educated in music by his family.

By the age of eight he was taken to play violin before the King and his favorite composer, Lully, who were amazed at his abilities. It is also said that Lully played through and praised his first attempt at an opera. Rebel became a first violinist at the Académie Royale de Musique. In 1700 he was selected to join a group of musicians sent by the Count of Ayen to entertain at the wedding of Philip of Anjou in Spain, and five years later he was appointed a member of the select orchestra known as the Vingt-quatre violons du roi--The Twenty-Four Violins of the King.

He was also awarded the right to inherit the position of chamber composer for the king, which was held by his brother-in-law de Lalande, and did in fact assume it on de Lalande¹s death in 1718. He became the administrator of the Twenty-Four Violins, and often presided over larger groups that were sometimes employed for special occasions and ceremonies. In addition to his skill as a violinist, he was also a respected harpsichordist, and often played the continuo part in concerts of the Royal Académie. He became its maître de musique in 1716. In 1734 and 1735 he served as conductor for the leading Parisian concert series known as the Concerts Spirituels. After that he retired from active musical life. He died in Paris on January 2, 1747.

During his long life Rebel kept up with changes in musical style, and took note of the new instrumental genres emerging from Italy. He wrote mostly small vocal works up to about 1708. He then turned to chamber music, writing generally graceful pieces without extremely virtuosic demands. During this period he began writing string sonatas, making him one of the first French composers to do so.

In the final part of his career the wrote works he called "symphonies," which are actually works written to be choreographed and danced. Prince Carignan (Victor-Amadée of Savoy) coaxed him out of retirement in 1737 to write his most noteworthy composition, "Les Elemens" (The Elements). It begins with a striking idea, the playing of all the notes of the harmonic D minor scale. This, Rebel explained, was a representation of chaos. The music coalesces into a single tone, representing Earth. Each of the other three traditional elements has its own motive, and the entire work is organized around them.

In 1740 Rebel's son François conducted a retrospective concert of his father¹s work. He was considered an innovator in instrumental style and praised during his lifetime for having a good mixture of Italian fire and French tastefulness. ~ Joseph Stevenson, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Le Tombeau De Mr De Lully, Sonates A Ii Et Iii Parties - Ensemble Variations

x

Track List: Rebel - Violin Sonatas / Manze, Linden, Egarr

Title: Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 8 In D Minor

1. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 8 In D Minor: I. Grave

2. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 8 In D Minor: II. Courante

3. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 8 In D Minor: III. Rondeau

Title: Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 5 In D Major

4. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 5 In D Major: I. Viste - Grave - Legerement

5. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 5 In D Major: II. Sarabande

6. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 5 In D Major: III. Viste

7. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 5 In D Major: IV. Gigue

Title: Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 6 In B Minor

8. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 6 In B Minor: I. Grave

9. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 6 In B Minor: II. Legerement

10. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 6 In B Minor: III. Gracieusement

11. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 6 In B Minor: IV. Viste

Title: Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 1 In A Major

12. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 1 In A Major: I. Grave

13. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 1 In A Major: II. Gai

14. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 1 In A Major: III. Grave

15. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 1 In A Major: IV. Musette

Title: Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 3 In A Minor

16. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 3 In A Minor: I. Lentement - Viste

17. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 3 In A Minor: II. Grave

18. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 3 In A Minor: III. Legerement

Title: Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 9 In F Major

19. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 9 In F Major: I. Grave

20. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 9 In F Major: II. Allemande

21. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 9 In F Major: III. Rondeau

22. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 9 In F Major: IV. Gigue

Title: Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 7 In G Minor

23. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 7 In G Minor: I. Allemande

24. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 7 In G Minor: II. Courante

25. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 7 In G Minor: III. Sarabande

26. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 7 In G Minor: IV. Gigue

Title: Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 4 In E Minor

27. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 4 In E Minor: I. Gracieusement

28. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 4 In E Minor: II. Viste

29. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 4 In E Minor: III. Recit Tres Doux-gai

30. Sonata For Violin & Continuo No. 4 In E Minor: IV. Viste

Comments

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I love baroque music. He's one of my favorite composers from that period
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silversaber1 3
attention fellow metal heads add a classical music station you'll thank me
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roland.lauth e r
I agree with the opinions of all.
Report as inappropriate
elcue
fascinatingl y ingtrown baroque????? this guy must write PR copy for wineries!
In any case, this piece is exquisite & I am thrilled to have heard it for the first time. Headed over to Amazon to purchase it this minute!
Report as inappropriate
marvelous! magnificent!
Report as inappropriate
wow look at the bio, this guy's life was prettttttty good, prettty pretttty good.
Report as inappropriate
Les Elemens is truly a visionary work. Highly recommended.
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bwdantle
Hay, dis was PRITTY GOOD! Ya know what I am sayin'
Report as inappropriate
lrichards93
Simply Beautiful
Report as inappropriate
i just heard cinqueme sonata and its brilliant a bueatiful violin part.

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