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John Eliot Gardiner

John Eliot Gardiner is one of the leading conductors in the active authentic performances movement in England, performing Baroque music but also extending his range into later repertoire. He first conducted at the age of 15, and after finishing school he studied at King's College, Cambridge. While still an undergraduate, he conducted the combined Oxford and Cambridge Singers on a 1964 tour of the Middle East and founded the Monteverdi Choir, which has consistently performed on his recordings since.

After graduation, he went to Paris to study with Nadia Boulanger and then studied as a postgraduate at King's College, London, with early music leader Thurston Dart. His first notable engagement as a conductor was at a Promenade Concert in London in 1969 and he first conducted an opera in London (Gluck's Iphigénie en Tauride) at Covent Garden in 1973.

He had continued conducting the Monteverdi Choir, then founded the English Baroque Soloists, specializing in Baroque music played on original-style instruments. The EBS first appeared at the 1977 Innsbruck Festival of Early Music and has appeared with the Monteverdi Choir on many recordings.

He made his American debut in 1979 leading the Dallas Symphony Orchestra, part of an active and often overlooked aspect of his career: conducting standard repertoire on modern instruments. This included a period as principal conductor (1980-1983) of the CBC Vancouver Symphony Orchestra; music director of the Opera de Lyon (1983-1988), which included founding an entirely new orchestra; and principal conductor of the North German Radio Symphony Orchestra in Hamburg (1991-1994).

He expanded his activities in the original-style instruments movement by recognizing that from the Classical era and well into the Romantic age there were distinctly different instrument designs than those that are standard today. As a result, he founded another new orchestra, the Orchéstre Révolutionnaire et Romantique, to specialize in that period with authentic instruments.

He has also been an active guest conductor, leading major orchestras of the world, including the Cleveland, Berlin Philharmonic, Royal Concertgebouw, Vienna Philharmonic, and Philharmonia orchestras, and has conducted the Puccini opera Manon Lescaut at Glyndebourne. He led a cycle of all seven mature Mozart operas and has conducted over 250 recordings on Deutsche Grammophon and Erato labels. He and Herbert von Karajan share the record for the most Gramophone Awards in a single year (three), while Gardiner has won more of them over the years than any other artist.

The year 2000 marked the beginning of the Bach Cantata Pilgrimage, where Gardiner led performances of the complete sacred cantatas in the United States and Europe. He followed up this project with a 2004 tour around Spain with the Monteverdi Choir, performing selections from the Codex Compostelanus in churches along the Way of St. James.
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: Grainger Danny Boy - Songs And Dancing Ballads

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Track List: Monteverdi: Vespro Della Beata Vergine

Disc 1
Title: Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206

1. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Deus In Adiutorium... Domine Ad Adiuvandum

2. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Psalmus: Dixit Dominus

3. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Concerto: Nigra Sum

4. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Psalmus: Laudate Pueri

5. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Concerto: Pulchra Es

6. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Psalmus: Laetatus Sum

7. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Concerto: Duo Seraphim

8. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Psalmus: Nisi Dominus

9. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Concerto: Audi Coelum

10. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Psalmus: Lauda Jerusalem

Disc 2

1. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Sonata Sopra Sancta Maria

2. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Hymnus: Ave Maris Stella

3. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Magnificat A 7

4. Vespro Della Beata Vergine, For Chorus & Instruments, SV 206: Magnificat A 6

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Track List: Purcell: The Fairy Queen / Harrhy, Nelson, Priday, Smith, Thomas, Varcoe, Gardiner

Disc 1
Title: The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629

1. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: IV. Prelude

2. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Hornpipe

3. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Air

4. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: II. Rondeau

5. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Overture

6. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song In Two Parts: "Come, Come, Come, Let Us Leave The Town"

7. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Scene Of The Drunken Poet: "Fill Up The Bowl"

8. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: First Act Tune: Jig

9. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Prelude And Song: "Come All Ye Songsters Of The Sky"

10. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Prelude II

11. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Trio: "May The God Of Wit Inspire"

12. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Echo

13. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Chorus: "Now Joyn Your Warbling Voices All"

14. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: A Dance Of Fairies

15. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song And Chorus: "Sing While We Trip It On The Green"

16. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "See, Even Night Her Self Is Here" (Night)

17. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "I Am Come To Lock All Fast" (Mystery)

18. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "One Charming Night" (Secresie)

19. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song And Chorus: "Hush, No More, Be Silent All" (Sleep)

20. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: A Dance For The Followers Of Night

21. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Second Act Tune: Air

22. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: A Song In Two Parts And Chorus: "If Love's A Sweet Passion"

23. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Overture: Symphony While The Swans Come Forward

24. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Dance For The Fairies

25. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Dance For The Green Men

26. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "Ye Gentle Spirits Of The Air, Appear"

27. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Dialogue Between Coridon And Mopsa: "Now The Maids And The Men"

28. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "When I Have Often Heard" (A Nymph)

29. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: A Dance Of Haymakers

30. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song And Chorus: "A Thousand Thousand Ways We'll Find"

31. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Third Act Tune: Hornpipe

Disc 2

1. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: I. Symphony

2. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Solo Anc Chorus: "Now The Night Is Chac'd Away"

3. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Duet: "Let The Fifes, And The Clarions" (Two Others)

4. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Entry Of Phoebus

5. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "When A Cruel Long Winter" (Phoebus) - Chorus: "Hail! Great Parent Of Us All"

6. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "Thus The Ever Grateful Spring" (Spring)

7. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "Here's The Summer, Sprightly, Gay" (Summer)

8. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "See My Many Colour'd Fields" (Autumn)

9. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song And Chorus: "Now Winter Comes Slowly" (Winter)

10. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Fourth Act Tune: Air

11. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Prelude

12. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Epithalamium: "Thrice Happy Lovers" (Juno)

13. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: The Plaint: "O Let Me Weep"

14. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Entry Dance

15. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Symphony II

16. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "Thus The Gloomy World" (A Chinese Man)

17. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Solo And Chorus: "Thus Happy And Free" (Chinese Woman)

18. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "Yes, Daphne, In Your Looks I Find" (Chinese Man)

19. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Monkeys' Dance

20. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song: "Hark How All Things" (1st Woman)

21. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Song And Chorus: "Hark Now The Echoing Air" (2nd Woman)

22. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Duet And Chorus: "Sure The Full God Of Marriage" (Both Women)

23. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Prelude III

24. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Solo: "See, See, I Obey" (Hymen)

25. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Duet: "Turn Then Thine Eyes" (Both Women)

26. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Solo: "My Torch, Indeed" (Hymen)

27. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Trio: "They Shall Be As Happy" (Both Women, Hymen)

28. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Air II

29. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Chorus: "They Shall Be As Happy"

30. The Fairy Queen, Semi-opera, Z. 629: Chaconne: Dance For Chinese Man And Woman

x

Track List: Vivaldi: Gloria; Handel: Gloria & Dixit Dominus

Composer: Antonio Vivaldi
Title: Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589

1. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: I. Gloria In Excelsis

2. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: II. Et In Terra Pax

3. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: III. Laudamus Te

4. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: IV. Gratias Agimus Tibi

5. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: V. Domine Deus, Rex Caelestis

6. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: VI. Domine Fili

7. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: VII. Domine Deus, Agnus Dei

8. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: VIII. Qui Tollis peccata mundi

9. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: IX. Qui Sedes ad dexteram patris

10. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: X. Quoniam tu solus sanctus

11. Gloria, For 3 Solo Voices, Chorus, Trumpet, Oboe, Violin (Ad Lib), 2 Violas, 2 Cellos, Strings & Continuo In D Major, Rv 589: XI. C*m Sancto Spiritu

Composer: George Frideric Handel
Title: Gloria, For Soprano & Orchestra (discovered In 2001)

12. Gloria, For Soprano & Orchestra (discovered In 2001): I. Gloria In Excelsis Deo

13. Gloria, For Soprano & Orchestra (discovered In 2001): II. Et In Terra Pax

14. Gloria, For Soprano & Orchestra (discovered In 2001): III. Laudamus Te

15. Gloria, For Soprano & Orchestra (discovered In 2001): IV. Domine Deus, Rex Caelestis

16. Gloria, For Soprano & Orchestra (discovered In 2001): V. Qui Tollis Peccata Mundi

17. Gloria, For Soprano & Orchestra (discovered In 2001): VI. Quoniam Tu Solus Sanctus

Title: Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232

18. Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232: I. Dixit Dominus

19. Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232: II. Virgam Virtutis

20. Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232: III. Tecum Principium

21. Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232: IV. Juravit Dominus

22. Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232: V. Tu Es Sacerdos

23. Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232: VI. Dominus A Dextris Tuis

24. Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232: VII. Judicabit In Nationibus

25. Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232: VIII. Conquassabit Capita

26. Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232: IX. De Torrente In Via Bibet

27. Dixit Dominus, Hymn For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra In G Minor, Hwv 232: X. Gloria Patri

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