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Kokomo Arnold

"Kokomo" was a popular brand of coffee early in the 20th century, and was the subject of Francis "Scrapper" Blackwell's first recorded blues in 1928. When slide guitar specialist James Arnold revamped this number as "Old Original Kokomo Blues" for Decca in 1934, little did he know that this would soon become his permanent handle -- Kokomo Arnold.

Kokomo Arnold was born in Georgia, and began his musical career in Buffalo, New York in the early '20s. During prohibition, Kokomo Arnold worked primarily as a bootlegger, and performing music was a only sideline to him. Nonetheless he worked out a distinctive style of bottleneck slide guitar and blues singing that set him apart from his contemporaries. In the late '20s, Arnold settled for a short time in Mississippi, making his first recordings in May 1930 for Victor in Memphis under the name of "Gitfiddle Jim." Arnold moved to Chicago in order to be near to where the action was as a bootlegger, but the repeal of the Volstead Act put him out of business, so he turned instead to music as a full-time vocation.

From his first Decca session of September 10, 1934 until he finally called it quits after his session of May 12, 1938, Kokomo Arnold made 88 sides under his own name for Decca, which rejected only nine of them -- two of the rejected titles have since been recovered. On some sides he was joined on piano by Peetie Wheatstraw, although most of Kokomo Arnold's records were made solo. Arnold also played guitar on two tunes cut in July 1936 by Oscar's Chicago Swingers, a dance band led by singer Sam Theard. Judging from the overall size of his recorded output, you might suspect that he was a success as a recording artist, and this was true; along with Peetie Wheatstraw and Amos Easton (Bumble Bee Slim), Kokomo Arnold was a predominant figure among blues singers in the Decca Race catalogues of the 1930s. He was also well-known as a live performer as well, appearing mainly in Chicago, but also on at least a couple of occasions in New York.

Some of Kokomo Arnold's songs proved highly influential on other musicians. His first issued coupling on Decca 7026 paired "Old Original Kokomo Blues" with "Milk Cow Blues." Delta Blues legend Robert Johnson must've known this record, as he re-invented both sides of it into songs for his own use -- "Old Original Kokomo Blues" became "Sweet Home Chicago," and "Milk Cow Blues" became "Milkcow's Calf Blues." "Milk Cow Blues" ultimately proved of use, more or less, in its original form with some "real gone" modifications, to another artist a little further down the line: Elvis Presley.

As for Kokomo Arnold himself, he quit the music business in disgust in 1938 and went into factory work in Chicago. He was rediscovered there by blues researchers in 1962, but didn't show much enthusiasm for reviving his musical career, and certainly did not resume recording. Kokomo Arnold died of a heart attack at the age of 67.

Some blues pundits have drawn a direct qualitative value between Peetie Wheatstraw and Kokomo Arnold, with Arnold coming out on top. There was a popular re-issue album in the 1960s featuring eight songs by each artist which seemed to support this conclusion. This has no real relevance however; although they were personally acquainted and recorded together, Kokomo Arnold and Peetie Wheatstraw were really working different ends of the 1930s blues spectrum. Their main connection to one another is their combined influence on Robert Johnson, and in this respect Wheatstraw seems to have had the upper hand. ~ Uncle Dave Lewis
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: Kokomo Arnold, Vol. 2 (1935 - 1936)

1. Southern Railroad Blues

2. Bo Weavil Blues

3. Busy Bootin'

4. Let Your Money Talk

5. Cause You're Dirty

6. Tonic Head Blues

7. Policy Wheel Blues (90044)

8. Traveling Rambler Blues

9. Stop, Look and Listen

10. Doin' the Doopididy

11. The Mule Laid Down and Died

12. Big Leg Mama (John Russell Blues)

13. Milk Cow Blues - No. 3

14. Milk Cow Blues - No. 4

15. Down and Out Blues

16. Model "T" Woman Blues

17. Jet Black Snake Blues

18. I'll Be Up Someday

19. I Can't Get Enough of That Stuff

20. Desert Blues

21. Bull Headed Woman Blues

22. Sundown Blues

23. The Honey Dripper

x

Track List: The Ultimate Jazz Archive: Blues - Kokomo Arnold

1. Try Some Of That

2. Mister Charlie

3. Cutter Blues

4. Money Tree Man

5. Delmar Avenue

6. Shake That Thing

7. Backfence Picket Blues

8. Fool Man Blues

9. Long And Tall

10. Sally Dog

11. Cold Winter Blues

12. Sister Jane Cross The Hall

13. Wild Water Blues

14. Laugh And Grin Blues

15. Mean Old Twister

16. Red Beans And Rice

17. Set Down Gal

x

Track List: Kokomo Arnold Vol. 1 (1930 - 1935)

1. Rainy Night Blues

2. Paddlin' Madeline Blues

3. Milk Cow Blues

4. Old Original Kokomo Blues

5. Back To The Woods

6. Sagefield Woman Blues

7. Old Black Cat Blues (Jinx Blues)

8. Sissy Man Blues

9. Front Door Blues (32 20 Blues)

10. Back Door Blues

11. The Twelves (Dirty Dozen)

12. Feels So Good

13. Milk Cow Blues No. 2

14. Biscuit Roller Blues

15. Slop Jar Blues

16. Black Annie

17. Chain Gang Blues

18. Monday Morning Blues

19. How Long How Long Blues

20. Things 'Bout Coming My Way

21. You Should Not A'Done It (Getting It Fixed)

22. Lonesome Southern Blues

23. Black Money Blues

24. Hobo Blues

x

Track List: Kokomo Arnold Vol. 4 (1933 - 1934)

1. Mean Old Twister

2. Red Beans And Rice

3. Set Down Gal

4. Big Ship Blues

5. Crying Blues

6. Grandpa Got Drunk

7. Black Mattie

8. Neck Bone Blues

9. Buddie Brown Blues (Rolling Time)

10. Rocky Road Blues

11. Head Cuttin' Blues

12. Broke Man Blues

13. Back On The Job

14. Shine On, Moon (Shine On, Shine On)

15. Your Ways And Actions

16. Tired Of Runnin' From Door To Door

17. My Well Is Dry

18. Midnight Blues

19. Goin' Down In Galilee (Swing Along With Me)

20. Bad Luck Blues

21. Kid Man Blues

22. Something's Hot

Comments

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This is not Kokomo Arnold it's Robert Johnson. Also noticed a pic of Lightning Hopkins but it was Lead Belly singin'

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