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Leopold Godowsky

February 13, 1870 - November 21, 1938
born in Soshly, Lithuania, composed during the Romantic period
Leopold Godowsky was one of the most astonishing piano virtuosos of all time and a composer of remarkably difficult polyphonic music. His father was a physician who contracted cholera tending patients during an epidemic, dying when his son was only 18 months old. Godowsky and his mother were taken in by friends, who soon realized the toddler was exceptionally musical. He played violin and piano longer from an age earlier than he could remember, but he was told he played before he was two. He said he had no teacher that he could remember, certainly none past the age of four. He composed a minuet when he was five, with the middle section being a strict canon, "This is noteworthy," he said, "because up to that time I had never heard a canon." It was good enough that he was able to use it in a fully mature composition 23 years later.

Leopold's adoptive father, Louis Passinock, promoted his fame as a Wunderkind. To forestall his exploitation, a banker named Feinberg offered to finance his study at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin. Leopold studied under Ernst Rudorff, but could only take three months of regimentation. He, his mother, and his "uncle" Passinock went to New York where he began to concertize at the age of thirteen. They booked him onto a tour of the West that eventually went bust, stranding the boy, who worked his way back to New York.

Again, a wealthy arts patron sought to "rescue" him. Leon Saxe arranged for him to go to Europe to study with the virtuoso Franz Liszt. By the time Leopold's ship reached Europe, Liszt was dead. But Camille Saint-Saëns, who had lost his children, became a mentor, mostly discussing interpretation and other esthetic manners. Godowsky had some success in Europe, but not enough to satisfy him, and returned to America.

There he had a career as a respected piano teacher in New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago. He developed the modern approach to piano playing, emphasizing economy of motion and release of weight (rather than direct muscle power) as the basis for playing. He began to arrange other composers' music, including a set of 53 exceptional etudes on Chopin's etudes, as well as other music. While teaching in Chicago, he gained a strong local reputation by giving recitals. An eight-recital set in 1897 and 1898 surveyed the history of nineteenth century piano literature.

Soon his fame spread, and he had triumphal performances in the U.S. and Europe. His December 6, 1900, concert at Beethoven Hall in Berlin was a triumph where he was acclaimed one of the greatest living pianists. Soon, he was the highest-paid solo instrumentalist in the world. He continued to write original piano music and his free adaptations of other music. In 1909, he became director of the Piano School of the Imperial Academy of Music in Vienna, the first Jew to take this post.

He was visiting Belgium for vacation in 1914 when the Germans invaded. He escaped to England and returned to the United States, where he made his home for the rest of his life. He moved his residence frequently and traveled widely, giving concerts in Mexico, South America, Yokohama, and Asia. His trip to Java inspired him to try to capture the sound of the gamelan orchestra in his suite Phonoramas. He lost much of his fortune in the 1929 stock market crash, then the next year had a severe stroke that ended his public career. He declined into depression and further illness before his death. ~ Joseph Stevenson, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Godowsky: Piano Music, Vol. 3

1. Sarabande In E Minor (Book II, No. 9) For Piano (after Lully): Sarabande In E Minor

2. Tambourin In E Minor (Book I, No. 6), Allegro For Piano (after Rameau): Tambourin

3. Menuet In A Minor/major (Book I, No. 3) Allegretto Grazioso For Piano (after Rameau): Menuet In A Minor

4. Pastorale (Angelus) In G Major (Book II, No. 8) Larghetto For Piano (after Corelli): Pastorale

5. Menuet In G Minor/major (Book I, No. 4) Allegretto For Piano (after Rameau): Menuet In G Minor

6. Elegie In E Minor/major (Two Gigue, Book I, No. 5) Adante Catabile Molto Expressivo E Legato, For Piano (after Rameau): Elegie

7. Courante In E Minor (Book II, No. 10) Allegro For Piano (after Lully): Courante

8. Menuet In E Flat Major (Book II, No. 7) Moderato E Tranquillo For Piano (after Schobert): Menuet In E Flat Major

9. Rigaudon In E Major/minor (Book I, No. 2) Allegretto Vivace E Grazioso For Piano (after Rameau): Rigaudon

10. Sarabande In E Major (Book I, No. 1) Largo, Ma Non Troppo For Piano (after Rameau): Sarabande In E Major

11. Gigue In E Minor (Book II, No. 12) Allegro Vivace, Ma Non Troppo For Piano (after Loeillet): Gigue

12. Sarabande In A Minor/major (Book III, No. 13) For Piano (after Rameau): Sarabande In A Minor

13. Capriccio (Le Caquet: Book II, No. 11) Allegretto Grazioso E Poco Scherzando For Piano (after Dandrieu): Capriccio

14. Musette En Rondeau In E Major (Book III, No. 14) Moderato For Piano (after Rameau): Musette En Rondeau

15. Gavotte And Musette In A Minor/major (Book III, No. 15) Allegretto For Piano (after Rameau): Gavotte

16. Concert-Allegro In A Major (Book IV, No. 19) Vivo For Piano (after D. Scarlatti): Concert-allegro

x

Track List: Godowsky: Schubert Transcriptions

Title: Passacaglia On The Opening Of Schubert's "Unfinished" Symphony, Variations (44) For Piano
Title: Trockne Blumen (Faded Blossoms), Transcribed For Piano (after Schubert)
Title: Schubert Songs (12), Freely Transcribed For Piano
Title: Am Meer (By The Sea), Transcribed For Piano (after Schubert)
Title: Schubert Songs (12), Freely Transcribed For Piano
Title: Rosamunde, For Solo Piano (transcription From Schubert's Ballet)
Title: Moment Musical, Op. 94/3, Transcribed For Piano (after Schubert)
x

Track List: Piano Music, Vol. 1

Title: Poems (4), For Piano

1. Poems (4), For Piano: Devotion

2. Poems (4), For Piano: Avowal

3. Poems (4), For Piano: Adoration

4. Poems (4), For Piano: Yearning

Title: Toccata For Piano In G Flat Major, Op 13 "Perpetual Motion"

5. Toccata For Piano In G Flat Major, Op 13 "Perpetual Motion": Toccata Op.13

Title: Pieces (4), For Piano, Op. 14 (one Unpublished)

6. Pieces (4), For Piano, Op. 14 (one Unpublished): Ein Dammerungsbild

7. Pieces (4), For Piano, Op. 14 (one Unpublished): Valse - Idle

8. Pieces (4), For Piano, Op. 14 (one Unpublished): Scherzino

Title: Pieces (3), For Piano, Op. 12

9. Pieces (3), For Piano, Op. 12: Sarabande

10. Pieces (3), For Piano, Op. 12: Menuet

11. Pieces (3), For Piano, Op. 12: Courante

Title: Airs (7) Of The Eighteenth Century, For Piano

12. Airs (7) Of The Eighteenth Century, For Piano: Exaudet's Minuet

13. Airs (7) Of The Eighteenth Century, For Piano: Lisette

14. Airs (7) Of The Eighteenth Century, For Piano: Good Old Granny

15. Airs (7) Of The Eighteenth Century, For Piano: Mother, Please Explain

16. Airs (7) Of The Eighteenth Century, For Piano: Capricious Shepherd Maid

17. Airs (7) Of The Eighteenth Century, For Piano: Would That I Were The Lowly Fern

18. Airs (7) Of The Eighteenth Century, For Piano: Oh, Come Again, Beautiful Spring

Title: Waltz Poems (2), For Piano

19. Waltz Poems (2), For Piano: No.1

20. Waltz Poems (2), For Piano: No.2

Title: Pieces (3), For Piano, Op. 15

21. Pieces (3), For Piano, Op. 15: Melodie Meditative

22. Pieces (3), For Piano, Op. 15: Capriccio

Title: Miniatures (5), For Piano

23. Miniatures (5), For Piano: Humoresque

24. Miniatures (5), For Piano: Rigaudon

25. Miniatures (5), For Piano: The Miller's Song

26. Miniatures (5), For Piano: Processional March

27. Miniatures (5), For Piano: Arabian Chant (Orientale)

Title: Polonaise, For Piano

28. Polonaise, For Piano: Polonaise

Comments

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zachsmailbox
This should play on Glenn Gould Radio. I'm delighted to say the least.
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then please accept my most(ly) sincerelitiz e d apolograph. .....so funny:)
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How is "concertize" a questionable word?
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psalc1
the opening of the piece is very reminiscent of a gigue by Rameau and I very much like the expansion of the theme. a favorite.
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Good music is good music I could care less if he was Martian
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I think it's important to point these things out (without using *Jew*, which can sound pejorative). People forget how widely we were discriminate d against now that we've been sidelined from the multicultura l movement. (Even now, we've had an African-Amer i c a n president before a Jewish one.) Conclusion: Godowsky had to have been amazingly talented to get the position and be Jewish *and* self-taught. .
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"In 1909, he became the first Jewish director of the Piano School of the Imperial Academy of Music in Vienna"...so u n d s much less offensive than saying the first Jew to take this post. A Jewish editor-write r - proofreader notices such things. Great bio...had never heard of the dude until now. Wonderful solo piano music! Thanks!
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well I think is very interesting. Never heard of him. but I love Piano and his music is super!
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Aquainted with Godowsky as a youth when I studied piano.
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jvandril
started playing nocturnal tangier from I book I had. found it fascinating but never heard of him.
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Nu 2 me, 2.
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natemesis
That's a neat bio, never heard of him before either.
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fascinating! I had never heard of him before
brian michener
Report as inappropriate
Simply wonderful.

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