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La Scala Theater Orchestra

Ever since the opening of the Milan Teatro alla Scala, in 1778, the theater's orchestra has played a central role in the city's rich musical life. Early in the 19th century, La Scala was already the leading opera house in Italy; by the 1830s, La Scala was one of the greatest international opera houses, producing numerous operas, including masterpieces by Rossini and Verdi. Consequently, the orchestra often played under prominent conductors, who insisted on maintaining the highest level of performance. Recognized for its excellence, the orchestra, led by Franco Faccio, started giving concerts in 1872 . In 1878, the orchestra performed in Paris during the Exposition. The triumphant Paris tour led to the creation, in 1879, of a permanent concert organization, the Società Orchestrale della Scala, under Faccio's directorship. The orchestra, which had two annual concert seasons, not only maintained its impressive level of performance, but also indirectly encouraged the revival of instrumental music in Italy. In 1920, La Scala became a self-governing organization, named Ente Autonomo del Teatro alla Scala. Among the early, and momentous, decisions made by the new organization was the appointment of Arturo Toscanini as artistic director. Toscanini restructured the orchestra, enlarging it to 100 players. During the Toscanini era, which ended in 1929, the orchestra went on several acclaimed international tours, establishing its reputation as a world-class ensemble. Toscanini's successors included notable conductors, such as Victor de Sabata and Carlo Maria Giulini, who was principal conductor from 1954 to 1956. In 1968, Claudio Abbado became principal conductor of La Scala, assuming the post of music director in 1972, and, in 1976, rising to the position of artistic director, which he held until 1986. The orchestra entered a new phase in 1982, when Abbado reorganized it as the Philharmonic Orchestra of the Scala (L'Orchestra Filarmonica della Scala). The idea behind this reorganization was the desire to enable the orchestra to successfully compete with other leading international ensembles. In terms of programming and artistic policy, the orchestra enjoys complete autonomy in relation to the theater. Led by Riccardo Muti since 1987, the orchestra has attracted many eminent guest conductors, including Leonard Bernstein, Valery Gergiev, Zubin Mehta, Seiji Ozawa, Wolfgang Sawallisch, Gisueppe Sinopoli, and Yuri Temirkanov. Daniel Barenboim succeeded Muti, beginning in 2006. The orchestra's many acclaimed recordings include the complete set of Beethoven's symphonies, with Giulini, for the Sony Classical label.
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: Complete Recordings On Deutsche Grammophon

Disc 1
Composer: Ferruccio Busoni
Title: Nun Komm' Der Heiden Heiland, Transcription For Piano (after J. S. Bach, BWV 659; Ten Chorale Preludes No. 3), KiV B27/3

1. Nun Komm' Der Heiden Heiland, Transcription For Piano (after J. S. Bach, BWV 659; Ten Chorale Preludes No. 3), KiV B27/3: Adagio

Composer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Title: Piano Sonata No. 10 In C Major, K. 330 (K. 300h)

2. Piano Sonata No. 10 In C Major, K. 330 (K. 300h): I. Allegro Moderato

3. Piano Sonata No. 10 In C Major, K. 330 (K. 300h): II. Andante Cantabile

4. Piano Sonata No. 10 In C Major, K. 330 (K. 300h): III. Allegretto

Composer: Fryderyk Chopin
Title: Mazurka For Piano No. 13 In A Minor, Op. 17/4, Ct. 63

5. Mazurka For Piano No. 13 In A Minor, Op. 17/4, Ct. 63: Lento, Ma Non Troppo

Title: Scherzo For Piano No. 1 In B Minor, Op. 20, Ct. 197

6. Scherzo For Piano No. 1 In B Minor, Op. 20, Ct. 197: Scherzo for Piano No. 1 in B Minor, Op. 20, Ct. 197

Composer: Franz Schubert
Title: Impromptu For Piano In A Flat Major, D. 899/4 (Op. 90/4)

7. Impromptu For Piano In A Flat Major, D. 899/4 (Op. 90/4): Impromptu For Piano In A Flat Major, D. 899/4 (Op. 90/4)

Composer: Franz Liszt
Title: Consolation, For Piano No. 3 In D Flat Major "Lento Placido", S. 172/3 (Lw A111a/2/2)

8. Consolation, For Piano No. 3 In D Flat Major "Lento Placido", S. 172/3 (Lw A111a/2/2): Consolation No.3

Composer: Robert Schumann
Title: Novellette for piano in F major, Op. 21/1

9. Novellette for piano in F major, Op. 21/1: Markiert Und Kraftig

Composer: Sergey Rachmaninov
Title: Prelude For Piano No.23 In G Sharp Minor, Op. 32/12

10. Prelude For Piano No.23 In G Sharp Minor, Op. 32/12: Prelude For Piano No.23 In G Sharp Minor, Op. 32/12

Composer: Alexander Scriabin
Title: Etude For Piano In C Sharp Minor, Op. 2/1

11. Etude For Piano In C Sharp Minor, Op. 2/1: Etude In C-sharp Minor, Op.2 No.1 (Horowitz)

Composer: Fryderyk Chopin
Title: Polonaise For Piano No. 6 In A Flat Major ("Héroique"), Op. 53, Ct. 155

12. Polonaise For Piano No. 6 In A Flat Major ("Héroique"), Op. 53, Ct. 155: Polonaise No. 6 in A Flat Major ("Héroique"), Op 53, CT. 155

Composer: Moritz Moszkowski
Title: Etude For Piano In F Major, Op. 72/6

13. Etude For Piano In F Major, Op. 72/6: Presto

Disc 2
Composer: Robert Schumann
Title: Kreisleriana, 8 Fantasies For Piano, Op. 16

1. Kreisleriana, 8 Fantasies For Piano, Op. 16: I. Auberst Bewegt

2. Kreisleriana, 8 Fantasies For Piano, Op. 16: II. Sehr Inning Und Nicht Zu Rasch

3. Kreisleriana, 8 Fantasies For Piano, Op. 16: III. Sehr Aufgeregt

4. Kreisleriana, 8 Fantasies For Piano, Op. 16: IV. Sehr Langsam

5. Kreisleriana, 8 Fantasies For Piano, Op. 16: VI. Sehr Langsam

6. Kreisleriana, 8 Fantasies For Piano, Op. 16: V. Sehr Lebhaft

7. Kreisleriana, 8 Fantasies For Piano, Op. 16: VII. Sehr Rasch

8. Kreisleriana, 8 Fantasies For Piano, Op. 16: VIII. Schnell Und Spielend

Composer: Domenico Scarlatti
Title: Sonata For Keyboard In B Minor, K. 87 (L. 33)

9. Sonata For Keyboard In B Minor, K. 87 (L. 33): Son In B, K87

Title: Sonata For Keyboard In E Major, K. 135 (L. 224)

10. Sonata For Keyboard In E Major, K. 135 (L. 224): Sonata In E Major, K. 135/l. 224/p. 234

Composer: Franz Liszt
Title: Impromptu (Nocturne), For Piano In F Sharp Major, S. 191ii (LW A256)

11. Impromptu (Nocturne), For Piano In F Sharp Major, S. 191ii (LW A256): Lisztaieimpromptu ("Nocturne") In F Sharp Major (S 191)

Title: Valse Oubliée, For Piano No. 1, S. 215/1 (Lw A311/1)

12. Valse Oubliée, For Piano No. 1, S. 215/1 (Lw A311/1): Allegro

Composer: Alexander Scriabin
Title: Etude for piano in D sharp minor, Op. 8/12

13. Etude for piano in D sharp minor, Op. 8/12: Etude Op. 8, No.12 in D-sharp Minor

Composer: Franz Schubert
Title: Impromptu For Piano In B Flat Major, D. 935/3 (Op. Posth. 142/3)

14. Impromptu For Piano In B Flat Major, D. 935/3 (Op. Posth. 142/3): Thema. Andante - Variazioni I-v

Title: Marche Militaire For Piano, 4 Hands In D Major, D. 733/1 (Op. 51/1)

15. Marche Militaire For Piano, 4 Hands In D Major, D. 733/1 (Op. 51/1): Allegro Vivace

Disc 3
Composer: Domenico Scarlatti
Title: Sonata For Keyboard In E Major, K. 380 (L. 23) "Cortège"

1. Sonata For Keyboard In E Major, K. 380 (L. 23) "Cortège": Son In E, K380

Composer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Title: Piano Sonata No. 10 In C Major, K. 330 (K. 300h)

2. Piano Sonata No. 10 In C Major, K. 330 (K. 300h): I. Allegro Moderato

3. Piano Sonata No. 10 In C Major, K. 330 (K. 300h): II. Andante Cantabile

4. Piano Sonata No. 10 In C Major, K. 330 (K. 300h): III. Allegretto

Composer: Sergey Rachmaninov
Title: Prelude For Piano No.16 In G Major, Op. 32/5

5. Prelude For Piano No.16 In G Major, Op. 32/5: Prelude In G Major, Op.32 No.5

Title: Prelude For Piano No.23 In G Sharp Minor, Op. 32/12

6. Prelude For Piano No.23 In G Sharp Minor, Op. 32/12: Prelude For Piano No.23 In G Sharp Minor, Op. 32/12

Composer: Alexander Scriabin
Title: Etude For Piano In C Sharp Minor, Op. 2/1

7. Etude For Piano In C Sharp Minor, Op. 2/1: Etude In C-sharp Minor, Op.2 No.1 (Horowitz) - 2

Title: Etude for piano in D sharp minor, Op. 8/12

8. Etude for piano in D sharp minor, Op. 8/12: Etude Op. 8, No.12 in D-sharp Minor

Composer: Franz Liszt
Title: Soirées De Vienne, Valse Caprice For Piano No. 6 (I; After Schubert D. 969 & 779) S. 427/6 (Lw A131/6)

9. Soirées De Vienne, Valse Caprice For Piano No. 6 (I; After Schubert D. 969 & 779) S. 427/6 (Lw A131/6): Allegro Con Spirito

Title: Sonetto Del Petrarca No. 104 (Pace Non Trovo; II) For Piano (Années II/5), S. 161/5 (LW A55/5)

10. Sonetto Del Petrarca No. 104 (Pace Non Trovo; II) For Piano (Années II/5), S. 161/5 (LW A55/5): Agitato Assai - Adagio

Composer: Fryderyk Chopin
Title: Mazurka For Piano No. 21 In C Sharp Minor, Op. 30/4, CT. 71

11. Mazurka For Piano No. 21 In C Sharp Minor, Op. 30/4, CT. 71: Allegretto

Title: Mazurka For Piano No. 7 In F Minor, Op. 7/3, CT. 58

12. Mazurka For Piano No. 7 In F Minor, Op. 7/3, CT. 58: Allegretto

Composer: Robert Schumann
Title: Kinderszenen No. 7 ("Träumerei"), For Piano, Op. 15/7

13. Kinderszenen No. 7 ("Träumerei"), For Piano, Op. 15/7: Traumerei

Composer: Moritz Moszkowski
Title: éTincelles, For Piano, Op. 36/6

14. éTincelles, For Piano, Op. 36/6: Allegro Scherzando

Composer: Sergey Rachmaninov
Title: Polka W.R., For Piano In A Flat Major, TN Ii/18

15. Polka W.R., For Piano In A Flat Major, TN Ii/18: Allegretto

x

Track List: Puccini: Madama Butterfly (complete opera) with Maria Callas, Lucia Danieli, Nicolai Gedda, Herbert von Karajan, Chorus & Orchestra of La Scala, Milan

Disc 1
Title: Madama Butterfly (Madame Butterfly), Opera
Disc 2
x

Track List: Verdi: Il Trovatore (complete opera) with Maria Callas, Giuseppe di Stefano, Herbert von Karajan, Chorus & Orchestra of La Scala, Milan

Disc 1
Title: Il Trovatore, Opera
Disc 2

Comments

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La Boheme is my favorite opera!

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