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Johann Friedrich Fasch

April 15, 1688 - December 5, 1758
composed during the Baroque period
Although he was just three years younger than J.S. Bach, Johann Friedrich Fasch was a leader in making the transition from late Baroque to early Classical in Germany.

Fasch's family was traditionally associated with the Lutheran church, either as theologians or as Kantors. He was a boy soprano in the towns of Suhl and Weissenfels. The composer J.P. Kuhnau heard him sing and convinced him to attend the Thomasschule in Leipzig from the age of 13. He became friends with another student, the 20-year-old Georg Philipp Telemann (1681 - 1767). While Fasch was attending the university (like Telemann, he was a law student) he founded a collegium musicum, as Telemann had, taking care that it would remain a permanent organization after he left. It survived until 1756, and counted J.S. Bach as one of its leaders during its lifetime. It took a position in Leipzig's musical life nearly as important as that of the Thomasschule itself.

As director of the collegium musicum he had occasion to study a wide variety of music. The local ruler of his hometown, the Duke of Saxe-Zeitz, hired him to write a pair of operas (which are lost) for festivals held in 1711 and 1712. Fasch now began to travel widely for purposes of rounding out his education. He arrived in Darmstadt in 1713 and studied composition with Graupner and Grünewald. He took a series of jobs: violinist in the court orchestra of Bayreuth (1714), municipal secretary of Gera (1715 - 1719), organist and municipal secretary in Greiz (1719 - 1721), and Kapellmeister to Count Morzin in the Bohemian town of Lukavec. He organized an orchestra there that Vivaldi had occasion to hear and proclaim excellent. He took up the post of Kapellmeister at the court of Zerbst, 40 miles north of Leipzig, in 1721, and remained there for the rest of his life.

His work, besides organizing musical activities in the church and the court, was primarily writing cantatas for the church and festive music for the count. His fame and his music spread throughout Germany. This was partly because of the network of correspondence he enjoyed with other composers, such as Telemann, J.G. Pisendel, his own son Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, and C.P.E. Bach. Fasch wrote 12 complete cantata cycles, 16 or more masses, four operas, over 90 overtures, and large quantities of symphonies, concertos, and sonatas. None of Fasch's music was published during his lifetime, and a large percentage of the sacred music is lost, but most of the instrumental music survives.

In 1900 music historian Hugo Reimann recognized that Fasch had transformed the three-movement form of the Italian Baroque concerto by boldly inserting contrasting musical material, often assigning the new theme to winds, laying the stage for the Classical form of dual thematic material. In addition, he used the wind section of the orchestra, not as soloists in a separate "concertante" group, but as components of the orchestra that might help mark a formal contrast by a shift in tone color or texture of the music. He also had a tendency to replace fugal episodes with freer developmental sections. In all this he markedly anticipated the Classical forms that before his death would begin to flourish in the music of Mozart and others. ~ Joseph Stevenson, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: Fasch: Passio Jesu Christi

Title: Ouverture (Suite) In D Minor, FWV K:d5

1. Ouverture (Suite) In D Minor, FWV K:d5: I. Ouverture

2. Ouverture (Suite) In D Minor, FWV K:d5: II. Aria

3. Ouverture (Suite) In D Minor, FWV K:d5: III. Bourrée

4. Ouverture (Suite) In D Minor, FWV K:d5: IV. Menuet

5. Ouverture (Suite) In D Minor, FWV K:d5: V. Aria: Largo

6. Ouverture (Suite) In D Minor, FWV K:d5: VI. Aria: Un Poco Allegro

Title: Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion"

7. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Chorale. Mich Von Stricke Meiner Sünden

8. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Recitative. Als Jesus Nun Su Tische Saße

9. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Aria. Das Gott, Dem Alle Himmelskreise

10. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Recitative. Un Bald Hernach Nahm Er Den Kelch

11. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Aria. Gott Selbst, Der Brunnquell Alles Guten

12. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Chorale. Ach, Wie Hungert Mein Gemüte

13. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Recitative. Drauf Sagten Sie Dem Höchsten Dank

14. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Aria. Mein Vater, Schau, Wie Ich Mich Quäle

15. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Recitative. Mich Quält Der Sünder Schwere Last

16. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Aria. Sünder, Schaut Mit Furcht Und Zagen

17. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Recitative. Die Pein Vermehrte Sich

18. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Aria. Brich, Mein Herz, Zerfließ In Tränen

19. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 1. Chorale. Herr, Laß Dein Bitter Leiden

20. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Chorale. Ein Lämmlein Geht Und Trägt Die Schuld

21. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Recitative. Und Jesus Ward Zum Palast Caiphas'

22. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Chorale. Falsche Zeugnis, Hohn Und Spott

23. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Recitative. Die Nacht War Kaum Vorbei

24. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Recitative. Hat Dies Mein Heiland Leiden Müßen?

25. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Aria. Meine Laster Sind Die Stricke

26. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Recitative. Wie Nun Pilatus Jesum Fragt

27. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Aria. Verwegene Rotte, Was Fängest Du An?

28. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Recitative. Wie Man Ihm Genug Verspottung

29. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Aria. Hier Erstarrt Mein Herz Und Blut

30. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Recitative. Sobald Er Nun Gekreuzigt War

31. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Chorale. O Menschenkind, Nur Deine Sünd'

32. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Recitative. Und Um Die Neunte Stunde

33. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Chorale. Jesu Gab Man Bitter Gall

34. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Recitative. Hierauf Rief Jesus Laut Mit Ganzer Macht

35. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Aria. Ihr Augen Weinet Blut

36. Passio Jesu Christe, FWV F:1 "Brockes-Passion": Part 2. Chorale. Ich Danke Dir Von Herzen

Comments

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I'm a big fan. Does that make me a "Fasch-ist?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? =-O
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Wonderful composition.
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wow, just heard of pandora today. das
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I just love this channel on Pandora. I listen all day while I am working. Wonderful!
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king.january
Excellent album, excellent artwork too. I just discovered Pandora's classical channel today, hope it will help me to discover new classical music...
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Ubfortunatel y as a people, we're sinking into a cultural abyss. How tragic it is.
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I just love classical music
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kmerena2002
Do the people that developed Pandora have any idea what a wonderful educational service (not to mention the fabulous music) they present with the comments and history about the composers? What a great way for a kid to get a lesson in good music and music history.
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Listening to the Fasch Concerto is a wonderful way to end the day.
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Elegante.
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Lovely!
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I've confused his music with Bach's on several occasions, which is about the highest compliment I can give someone.
Report as inappropriate
good
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lady.tate
nice.

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