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Hopkins' brothers John Henry and Joel were also talented bluesmen, but it was Sam who became a star. In 1920, he met the legendary Blind Lemon Jefferson at a social function, and even got a chance to play with him. Later, Hopkins served as Jefferson's guide. In his teens, Hopkins began working with another pre-war great, singer Texas Alexander, who was his cousin. A mid-'30s stretch in Houston's County Prison Farm for the young guitarist interrupted their partnership for a time, but when he was freed, Hopkins hooked back up with the older bluesman.
The pair was dishing out their lowdown brand of blues in Houston's Third Ward in 1946 when talent scout Lola Anne Cullum came across them. She had already engineered a pact with Los Angeles-based Aladdin Records for another of her charges, pianist Amos Milburn, and Cullum saw the same sort of opportunity within Hopkins' dusty country blues. Alexander wasn't part of the deal; instead, Cullum paired Hopkins with pianist Wilson "Thunder" Smith, sensibly re-christened the guitarist "Lightnin'," and presto! Hopkins was very soon an Aladdin recording artist.
"Katie May," cut on November 9, 1946, in L.A. with Smith lending a hand on the 88s, was Lightnin' Hopkins' first regional seller of note. He recorded prolifically for Aladdin in both L.A. and Houston into 1948, scoring a national R&B hit for the firm with his "Shotgun Blues." "Short Haired Woman," "Abilene," and "Big Mama Jump," among many Aladdin gems, were evocative Texas blues rooted in an earlier era.
A load of other labels recorded the wily Hopkins after that, both in a solo context and with a small rhythm section: Modern/RPM (his uncompromising "Tim Moore's Farm" was an R&B hit in 1949); Gold Star (where he hit with "T-Model Blues" that same year); Sittin' in With ("Give Me Central 209" and "Coffee Blues" were national chart entries in 1952) and its Jax subsidiary; the major labels Mercury and Decca; and, in 1954, a remarkable batch of sides for Herald where Hopkins played blistering electric guitar on a series of blasting rockers ("Lightnin's Boogie," "Lightnin's Special," and the amazing "Hopkins' Sky Hop") in front of drummer Ben Turner and bassist Donald Cooks (who must have had bleeding fingers, so torrid were some of the tempos).
But Hopkins' style was apparently too rustic and old-fashioned for the new generation of rock & roll enthusiasts (they should have checked out "Hopkins' Sky Hop"). He was back on the Houston scene by 1959, largely forgotten. Fortunately, folklorist Mack McCormick rediscovered the guitarist, who was dusted off and presented as a folk-blues artist; a role that Hopkins was born to play. Pioneering musicologist Sam Charters produced Hopkins in a solo context for Folkways Records that same year, cutting an entire LP, Lightnin' Hopkins, in Hopkins' tiny apartment (on a borrowed guitar). The results helped introduced his music to an entirely new audience.
Lightnin' Hopkins went from gigging at back-alley gin joints to starring at collegiate coffeehouses, appearing on TV programs, and touring Europe to boot. His once-flagging recording career went right through the roof, with albums for World Pacific; Vee-Jay; Bluesville; Bobby Robinson's Fire label (where he cut his classic "Mojo Hand" in 1960); Candid; Arhoolie; Prestige; Verve; and, in 1965, the first of several LPs for Stan Lewis' Shreveport-based Jewel logo.
Hopkins generally demanded full payment before he'd deign to sit down and record, and seldom indulged a producer's desire for more than one take of any song. His singular sense of country time befuddled more than a few unseasoned musicians; from the 1960s on, his solo work is usually preferable to band-backed material.
Filmmaker Les Blank captured the Texas troubadour's informal lifestyle most vividly in his acclaimed 1967 documentary, The Blues Accordin' to Lightnin' Hopkins. As one of the last great country bluesmen, Hopkins was a fascinating figure who bridged the gap between rural and urban styles. ~ Bill Dahl
Track List: Lightnin's Boogie - Live At The Rising Sun Celebrity Jazz Club (Remastered)
Track List: Texas Troubadour
Track List: I Love You Baby
Track List: Fast Life Woman
Track List: Lightnin's Gone Again
Track List: Free Form Patterns (Remastered)
Track List: Good Times
Track List: Lightnin' Hopkins, Vol. 5
Track List: Lightnin' Hopkins, Vol. 4
Track List: Lightnin' Hopkins, Vol. 2
Track List: Lightnin' Strikes (Remastered)
Track List: Fugitive Blues - From The Archives (Remastered)
Track List: The Legend Collection: Sam "Lightnin'" Hopkins
Track List: Lightnin' Special Vol. 1
Track List: Shaggy Dog
Track List: Stomp And Boogie
Track List: Essential Gold [Digitally Remastered]
Track List: G String Blues
Track List: The Best Of Lightnin' Hopkins
Track List: The Sonet Blues Story
Track List: An Introduction To Lightnin' Hopkins
Track List: The Blues Anthology
Track List: Lightnin' Strikes Twice
Track List: The Greatest Hits 1959 - 1965
Track List: Hello Central: The Best Of Lightnin' Hopkins
Track List: Blues Kingpins
Track List: Lightnin' In New York
Track List: Live At Newport
Track List: In The Key Of Lightnin'
Track List: Lightnin' And The Blues: The Herald Sessions (Remastered 2001)
Track List: The Essential Recordings
Track List: Blues Masters: The Very Best Of Lightnin' Hopkins
Track List: Lightnin' Hopkins B.O.B. (1947 - 1969)
Track List: Remember Me (The Complete Herald Singles)
Track List: Lightnin' Hopkins Vol. 1 (1950-1961)
Track List: The Very Best Of Lightnin' Hopkins
Track List: The Herald Recordings - 1954
Track List: Mojo Hand: The Lightnin' Hopkins Anthology
Track List: Smokes Like Lightnin' (Remastered)
Track List: Sittin' In With Lightnin' Hopkins
Track List: The Complete Prestige/Bluesville Recordings
Track List: The Complete Aladdin Recordings
Track List: The Gold Star Sessions - Vol. 2
Track List: Double Blues
Track List: Lightnin' In New York (1961)
Track List: California Mudslide (And Earthquake) (Digitally Remastered)
Track List: Lightnin'!