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Luiz Gonzaga

It is rare that someone who functions nominally as a folklorist or music historian becomes a celebrated performer, but one significant exception to this rule is the great Luiz Gonzaga. Colorfully attired (his most famous fashion accessory being his tasseled hat), and naked without his accordion, Gonzaga was a living, breathing representative of northeast Brazils' culture and music. Imagine if noted American musicologist Alan Lomax was as celebrated for his performing as he was for his cataloging and collecting and you get the picture. Gonzaga was indeed an archivist, but rather than spending his time in recording and cataloguing his findings for use in libraries, he became an oral historian, traveling throughout Brazil performing the indigenous music (and variations thereof) of his northeastern birthplace.

Born in the tiny farming town of Caicara in 1912, Gonzaga had little formal education as the hard life of farming put him in the fields at the age of seven. As a child Gonzaga was captivated by the stories of the Brazilian bandit/accordion player Lampiao (who died at the age of 36 in 1934). In Brazilian folklore, especially amongst those living in the northeast, Lampiao is sort of Robin Hood figure, an outlaw who served the poor and dispossessed, robbing from the rich and (mostly) giving to the poor farmers. While famous as a bandit, he was as well known for his considerable skill on the accordion his all-night dances/jam sessions. Seduced by Lampiao's romantic legacy (Gonzaga's ever-present hat was styled after one worn by Lampiao), Gonzaga took up the accordion about the same time he went into the fields. Soon, his father was accompanying him to area dances and parties where the young, Luiz was hailed as a child prodigy.

Military service interrupted Gonzaga's musical career, although while in the army he learned to play coronet. After his discharge he left the farm for the bright lights of Rio scuffling for jobs while making the bulk of his money playing in brothels. A chance meeting with the legendary Ary Barroso got Gonzaga a spot on Barroso's radio program and brought him to the attention of RCA records. In 1946, Gonzaga recorded "Baiao" a dance song with rhythms borrowed from an older form of Brazilian called the baiano, a dance that resembles the African-American ring shout. So popular was "Baiao" that Gonzaga had not only recorded a hit single but, in fusing the past with the present, created a whole new style of Brazilian music.

Gonzaga's popularity remained high during the 1950s, slipping during the '60s as the influence of rock and roll attracted the attention of younger audiences. It was the young stars of tropicalia (Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil among others) who championed Gonzaga's work in the early '70s, recorded his songs, and brought his music to the attention of Brazil's younger music fans. His career revived, Gonzaga, now approaching 70, toured steadily frequently appearing with the younger northeastern Brazilian artists who celebrated his dedication and genius. Gonzaga died in 1989 at the age of 77. ~ John Dougan
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Aboios & Vaquejadas, Nos Caminhos da Fé e São João Na Roça

Disc 1

1. A Morte do Vaqueiro

2. Boiadeiro

4. Aboio Apaixonado

5. Vida de Vaqueiro

6. Vaqueiro Véio

7. Lulu Vaqueiro

8. Serrote Agudo

9. Gibão de Couro

10. Malhada dos Bois

11. Cigarro de Praia

13. Viva o Arigo

Disc 2

1. Frei Damiao

2. Ave Maria Sertaneja

3. Jesus Sertanejo

4. Padroeira do Brasil

5. Rainha do Mundo

6. Beata Mocinha

7. Pai Nosso

8. Obrigado, Joao Paulo

9. Baiao da Penha / Viva o Rei

10. Louvaçao a Joao XXIII

11. Salmo dos Aflitos (Abandrai)

12. Padre Sertanejo

13. Meu Padrim

14. Sao Francisco de Canindé

Disc 3

1. Olha Pro Céu

2. Noites Brasileiras

3. São João do Carneirinho

4. Queimando Lenha

5. Pagode Russo

6. Casamento de Rosa

7. São João na Roça

8. Lascando o Cano

9. Sao Joao no Arraiá

10. Sao Joao Sem Futrica

11. Fim de Festa / Polca Fogueteira / Lascando o Cano / Pagode Russo / Fogueira de Sao Joao

13. Lenda de Sao Joao

14. A Festa do Milho

x

Track List: Baião De Dois

1. Asa Branca

2. Siri Jogando Bola

3. Forró De Cabo A Rabo / De Fiá Pavi

4. Nem Se Despediu De Mim

5. Estrada De Canindé (Feat. Chico César)

6. Danado De Bom

7. Qui Nem Giló (Feat. Zélia Duncan)

8. A Volta Da Asa Branca

9. Deixa A Tanga Voar (Feat. Jorge De Altinho)

10. Baião De Dois (Feat. Alcione)

11. Onde Tu Tá Neném (Feat. Geraldo Azevedo)

12. Paraíba (Feat. Elba Ramalho)

13. Plano Piloto (Feat. Alceu Valença)

14. Forró Nº 1

15. A Vida Do Viajante (Feat. Gonzaguinha)

x

Track List: Ô Véio Macho

1. Ô Véio Macho

2. Balança A Rede

3. Sertão De Aço

4. Serrote Agudo

5. De Terezina A São Luiz

6. Pássaro Carão

7. Sanfoneiro Zé Tatu

8. Matuto Aperreado

9. Forró Do Zé Antão

10. A Dança Do Nicodemus

11. No Piancó

12. Adeus Iracema

x

Track List: Luiz Gonzaga Canta Seus Sucessos Com Ze Dantas

2. O Xote Das Meninas

3. Vem Morena

4. A Volta Da Asa Branca

5. A Letra I

7. A Danca Da Moda

8. Riacho Do Navio

9. Vozes Da Seca

10. Cintura Fina

11. Algodao

x

Track List: São João Na Roça

1. São João Na Roça

2. Fogueira De São João

3. Festa No Céu

4. Olha Pro Céu

5. Noites Brasileiras

6. São João Antigo

7. Sao Joao No Arraiá

8. O Passo Da Rancheira

9. A Dança Da Moda

10. Lenda De Sao Joao

11. Mane E Zabe

12. São João Do Carneirinho

x

Track List: Capim Novo

1. Capim Novo

2. Carapeba

3. Sanfona Sentida

4. Mané Gambá

5. Saudade Dói

6. Bandinha De Fé

7. Fulô Da Maravilha

8. Quero Ver

9. São João Nas Capitá

10. Nos Cafundó De Bodocó

11. Roendo Unha

12. Apologia Ao Jumento (O Jumento E Nosso Irmão)

x

Track List: Sanfona Do Povo

1. Sanfona Do Povo

2. O Baião Vai

3. Aquilo Sim Que Vidão

4. Não Foi Surpresa

5. Rainha Do Mundo

6. Documento De Matuto

7. Fogo No Parana

8. Nordeste Sangrento

9. Nega Zefa

10. Fole Gemedor

11. Padre Sertanejo

12. A Carta

x

Track List: São João Do Araripe

1. Madruceu O Milho

2. Vitória De Santo Antão

3. Mazurca

4. A Cheia De 24

5. De Juazeiro A Crato

6. O Andarilho

7. Lenha Verde

8. Côco Xêem

9. Manduquinha

10. Meu Araripe

11. Rosa De Mearim

12. Anita Do Cipó

x

Track List: Nova Bis - Luiz Gonzaga

Disc 1

1. A Vida Do Viajante

2. O Fole Roncou

3. A Mulher Do Meu Patrão

4. Baião Agrário

5. Fogo Pagou

6. Cantarino

7. Facilita

8. Cidadão De Caruaru

9. Cidadao

10. Uma Pra Mim, Uma Pra Tu (Feat. João Silva)

11. Tei Tei No Arraiá

12. Vamos Chegando Pra La

13. Choromingo

14. Ve Se Ligas Para Mim

Disc 2

1. Samarica Parteira

2. Sangue De Nordestino

3. Retrato De Um Forró

4. Daquele Jeito

5. Só Xote

6. O Vovô Do Baião

7. Aquarela Nordestina

8. A Rede Véia

9. Pra Não Morrer De Tristeza

10. Bia No Frevo (Danca Do Cacetinho)

11. Me Afubelo

12. Bom Pra Uns

x

Track List: Espetáculo Das Seis E Meia

2. Baião

3. Fulô Da Maravilha

4. Asa Branca/A Volta Da Asa Branca

9. Légua Tirana

x

Track List: Eterno Cantador

4. Tristeza Do Jeca

7. Eterno Cantador

8. Frutos Da Terra

10. A Volta Da Asa Branca

11. Acacia Amarela

x

Track List: Meus Momentos: Luiz Gonzaga

1. Samarica Parteira

2. Frei Damião

3. O Fole Roncou

4. Sangue De Nordestino

5. Cavalo Crioulo

6. A Mulher Do Meu Patrão

7. Retrato De Um Forró

8. Baião De São Sebastião

9. Fogo Pagou

10. Tei Tei No Arraiá

11. Cantarino

12. Daquele Jeito

14. Facilita

15. Só Xote

16. Fole Danado

17. O Vovô Do Baião

18. O Bom Improvisador

x

Track List: Canaã

1. Canaa

2. Pobreza Por Pobreza

3. Festa

4. Nordeste Pra Frente

5. Valha-Me Deus, Senhor São Bento

6. Erva Rasteira

7. Diz Que Vai Virar

8. Baião Polinário

9. Saudades De Helena

10. Tic-Tac, Tic-Tac

11. Canto Sem Protesto

12. Chico Valente

x

Track List: Sabido

1. Vou Pra Roca

2. Pe De Serra

3. Cortando Pano

4. Pisa De Mansinho

5. Seu Januario

6. Calando Da Lacraia

7. Apanhei-Te Cavaquinho

8. Sabido

9. Toca Uma Polquinha

10. Apitando Na Curva

11. Nao Bate Nele

12. Saudade De Sao Joao Del Rei

13. O Xamego Da Guiomar

14. Araponga

15. Feijao Com Cove

16. Fazenso Intriga

17. Subindo Ao Ceu

18. Balanco Do Galango

19. Caxanga

20. Queixumes

x

Track List: Pisa No Pilão (Festa Do Milho)

1. A Festa Do Milho

2. Pedido A São João

3. Desse Jeito Sim

4. A Morte Do Vaqueiro

5. Liforme Instravagante

6. Pra Onde Tu Vai Baião

7. Pisa No Pilão

8. Amigo Velho

9. Eu Vou Pro Crato

10. Caboclo Nordestino

11. Casamento Improvisado

12. Faz Força Zé

x

Track List: Luiz Gonzaga Sua Sanfona E Sua Simpatia

1. O Cheiro Da Carolina

2. Mangaratiba

3. Chofer De Praça

4. Xandúzinha

5. Siri Jogando Bola

6. A Feira De Caruaru

7. Forro No Escuro

8. Xamêgo

9. Cortando Pano

10. Penero Xerém

11. Buraco De Tatu

12. Danca, Mariquinha

x

Track List: Xamego

1. Xamêgo

2. Dança Mariquinha

3. Quer Í Mais Eu? (Quer Ir Mais Eu?)

4. Três E Trezentos

5. Galo Garnizé

6. 17 E 700 (Dezessete E Setecentos)

7. Cortando Pano

8. O Xamêgo Da Guiomar

9. Perpétua

10. Bamboleado

11. O Torrado Da Lili

12. Penero Xerém

x

Track List: O Sanfoneiro Do Povo De Deus

1. Beata Mocinha

2. O Jumento É Nosso Irmão

3. Ave Maria Sertaneja

4. Meu Pageu

5. Baiao Da Penha / Viva O Rei

6. Louvaçao A Joao XXIII

7. Rainha Do Mundo

8. Padroeira Do Brasil

9. Padre Sertanejo

10. Bença Mãe

11. Boiadeiro

x

Track List: O Nordeste Na Voz De Luiz Gonzaga

2. Respeita Januário

3. Saudade De Pernambuco

4. Assum Preto

5. Calango Da Lacraia

6. Cigarro De Praia

7. Abc Do Sertão

8. Acauã

9. Asa Branca

10. Derramaro O Gai

11. No Meu Pé De Serra

12. Moda Da Mula Preta

x

Track List: Luiz Lua Gonzaga

1. Capitão Jagunço

2. Baldrana Macia

3. Creuza Morena (Ingazeira Do Norte)

4. Dedo Mindinho

5. Amor Que Não Chora

6. O Tocador Quer Beber

7. Na Cabana Do Rei

8. Aroeira

9. Rosinha

10. Corridinho Canindé

11. Só Se Rindo

12. Alvorada Da Paz

x

Track List: Óia Eu Aqui De Novo

1. Oia Eu Aqui De Novo

2. Tu Que Mingabelá

3. Xeém

4. Crepúsculo Sertanejo

5. Contrastes De Varzea Alegre

6. Hora Do Adeus

7. Garota Todeschini

8. Xote Dos Cabeludos

9. Do Lado Que Relampêa

10. A Sorte É Cega

11. Forró De Pedro Chaves

12. Ou Casa, Ou Morre

x

Track List: 50 Anos De Chao

Disc 1

1. Vira E Mexe

4. Asa Branca

5. Vem, Morena

8. Juazeiro

9. Legua Tirana

10. Boiadeiro

11. Cintura Fina

12. No Ceara Nao Tem Disso Nao

13. A Volta Da Asa Branca

14. Qui Nem Jilo

15. Assum Preto

16. Respeita Januario

17. Paraiba

18. A Danca Da Moda

Disc 2

3. Acaua

4. Pau-De-Arara

8. Sao Joao Do Carneirinho

10. O Xote Das Meninas

11. ABC Do Sertao

12. Vozes Da Seca

13. Noites Brasileiras

14. Riacho Do Navio

16. A Feira De Caruaru

17. Serrote Agudo

18. A Morte Do Vaqueiro

19. A Triste Partida

Disc 3

1. Sanfona Do Povo

2. Piriri

3. Oia Eu Aqui De Novo

4. Meu Araripe

6. Ovo De Codorna

7. Capim Novo

8. A Vida Do Viajante

9. Obrigado, Joao Paulo

12. Pense N'Eu

13. Danado De Bom

15. Pagode Russo

16. Sanfoninha Choradeira

18. Sanfoneiro Macho

20. Nem Se Despediu De Mim

x

Track List: Quadrilhas E Marchinhas Juninas

1. Fim De Festa/Polca Fogueteira/Lascando O Cano/Pagode Russo/Fogueira De Sao Joao

2. Olha Pro Ceu (Early Version)

3. São João Na Roça

4. Fogo Sem Fuzil

5. Quero Chá

6. Matuto De Opiniao

7. Boi Bumbá

8. O Maior Tocador

9. Piriri

x

Track List: Juntos

2. Mariana

3. From United States Of Piau

6. Diz Que Vai Virar

7. A Triste Partida

9. Pobreza Por Pobreza

11. Erva Rasteira

x

Track List: Raizes Nordestinas

2. O Fole Roncou

3. Samarica Parteira

4. A Mulher Do Meu Patrao

5. Tei Tei No Arraia

6. Sangue De Nordestino

7. Fogo-Pagou

8. So Xote

9. Cavalo Crioulo

11. Daquele Jeito

13. Cantarino

14. O Vovo Do Baiao

15. Aquarela Nordestina

18. Frei Damiao

19. Cidadao

Comments

Report as inappropriate
Me gusta mucho, la mucica de luiz gonzaga
Report as inappropriate
Ai que saudades docê!!!
Report as inappropriate
An absolute genius. Try not dancing....

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