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Marin Marais

May 31, 1656 - August 15, 1728
born in Paris, France, composed during the Baroque period
Marais was the preeminent bass viol player in turn-of-the-seventeenth century France. Although he composed four operas, he is primarily remembered for his some 600 compositions for various combinations of bass viols. These works were in the French tradition of collections of various pieces, rather than the Italian concertos and sonatas. The collections, ranging from seven to 41 pieces each, consist primarily of dances, fantasies, chaconnes, rondeaux, tombeaux, and pièces de caractère. These last are short, colorful works including descriptive titles such as Les voix humaines and Cloche ou carillon. There is even one work that is meant to describe an operation for the removal of a bladder stone. Marais intended these pieces to be played on any instruments, but they are in fact idiomatically suited for the bass viol and represent the finest collection of pieces for that instrument. Among Marais' numerous other compositions, his Pieces en trio pour les flûtes, violon, et dessus de viole (Trios for flute, violin and highest viol) of 1692 was the first published set of trio sonatas in France.

Marais spent his entire life in Paris. Little is known of his childhood other than his having studied with Sainte-Colombe, the most prominent violist and teacher at the time. In 1679, he became the "Regular Violist for the King," a position he held until his retirement in 1725. Marais also studied composition with Lully and subsequently worked with him throughout his career as a violist in his ensemble. Lully probably encouraged Marais to compose his four operas, Alcide (1693), Ariane et Bacchus (1696), Alcione (1706), and Sémélé (1709). All four are rather typical five-act tragedies very much in Lully's style, and seemed to have been considerably successful, Alcione being staged as late as 1771. It is as the greatest and most important composer for the bass viol, however, that Marais is remembered today. ~ Steven Coburn, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Marin Marais: Pièces De Viole Du Second Livre, 1701

Title: Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110)

1. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Prelude, II 96

2. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Fantasie, II 97

3. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Allemande, II 98

4. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Courante, II 99

5. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Sarabande, II 100

6. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Sarabande A L'espagnol, II 101

7. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Gigue, II 102

8. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Gigue La Badine, II 103

9. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Rondeau Champetre, II 104

10. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Passacaille, II 105

11. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Gavotte, II 106

12. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Menuet, II 107

13. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Menuet, II 108

14. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 96-110): Tombeau Po'm De Ste Colombe, II 109

Title: Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95)

15. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Prelude, II 83

16. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Petitte Fantasie, II 84

17. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Allemande, II 85

18. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Alemande, II 86

19. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Courante, II 87

20. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Sarabande, II 88

21. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Sarabande, II 89

22. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Gigue, II 90

23. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Gigue, II 91

24. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Menuet, II 92

25. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Gavotte, II 93

26. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Menuet, II 94

27. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, Nos. 83-95): Tombeau Por M. De Lully, II 94

x

Track List: Marin Marais - Pieces De Viole Du Second Livre

Title: Couplets De Folies (Les Folies D'espagne), For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In D Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 20)

1. Couplets De Folies (Les Folies D'espagne), For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In D Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 20): Couplets De Folies

Title: Pieces In G Major

2. Pieces In G Major: Prelude Lentement

3. Pieces In G Major: Chaconne En Rondeau

Title: Suitte, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Major (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, No. 66)

4. Suitte, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Major (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, No. 66): Prelude

5. Suitte, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Major (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, No. 66): Allemande

6. Suitte, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Major (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, No. 66): Courante

7. Suitte, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Major (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, No. 66): Pavan Selon Le Gout Des Anciens Compositeurs De Luth

8. Suitte, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Major (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, No. 66): Gavotte

9. Suitte, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Major (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, No. 66): Gigue

10. Suitte, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Major (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, No. 66): Rondeau En Vaudeville

11. Suitte, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In E Major (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, No. 66): Chaconne

Title: Tombeau Pour M. De Lully, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 95)

12. Tombeau Pour M. De Lully, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In B Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 95): Tombeau Pour Monsieur De Ste Colombe

Title: Prélude, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In D Minor ("Grande Prélude") (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 21)

13. Prélude, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In D Minor ("Grande Prélude") (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 21): Prelude

14. Prélude, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In D Minor ("Grande Prélude") (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 21): Cloches Ou Carillon

15. Prélude, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In D Minor ("Grande Prélude") (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 21): Ballet En Rondeau

Title: Fantaisie

16. Fantaisie: Fantasie

x

Track List: Marin Marais: Pieces De Viole Des Cinq Livres

Disc 1
Title: Suite En Re Mineur

1. Suite En Re Mineur: I. Prelude A Deux Violes

2. Suite En Re Mineur: II. Allemande

3. Suite En Re Mineur: III. Courante

4. Suite En Re Mineur: IV. Sarabande

5. Suite En Re Mineur: V. Gigue

6. Suite En Re Mineur: VI. Gavotte

7. Suite En Re Mineur: VII. Menuet

Title: Chaconne, For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, No. 82)

8. Chaconne, For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, No. 82): Chaconne En Sol Majeur

Title: Suite For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, Nos. 73-82)

9. Suite For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, Nos. 73-82): I. Prelude

10. Suite For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, Nos. 73-82): II. Allemande

11. Suite For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, Nos. 73-82): III. Courante

12. Suite For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, Nos. 73-82): IV. Sarabande

13. Suite For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, Nos. 73-82): V. Gigue

14. Suite For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, Nos. 73-82): VI. Menuet

15. Suite For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, Nos. 73-82): VII. Fantaisie En Echo

16. Suite For 2 Violas Da Gamba & Continuo In G Major (Pièces De Viole, Book I, Nos. 73-82): VIII. Tombeau De Mr Meliton

Title: Couplets De Folies (Les Folies D'espagne), For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In D Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 20)

17. Couplets De Folies (Les Folies D'espagne), For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In D Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 20): Couplets De Folies

Title: Les Voix Humaines, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In D Major (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 63)

18. Les Voix Humaines, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In D Major (Pièces De Viole, Book II, No. 63): Les Voix Humaines

Title: Suite En Si Mineur

19. Suite En Si Mineur: I. Prelude

20. Suite En Si Mineur: II. Petite Fantaisie

21. Suite En Si Mineur: III. Allemande

22. Suite En Si Mineur: IV. Courante

23. Suite En Si Mineur: V. Sarabande

24. Suite En Si Mineur: VI. Sarabande II

25. Suite En Si Mineur: VII. Gigue I

26. Suite En Si Mineur: VIII. Gigue II

27. Suite En Si Mineur: IX. Menuet I

28. Suite En Si Mineur: X. Gavotte

29. Suite En Si Mineur: XI. Menuet II

30. Suite En Si Mineur: XII. Tombeau Po' Mons' De Lully

Title: Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In A Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book III, Nos. 1-13)

31. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In A Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book III, Nos. 1-13): I. Prelude

32. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In A Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book III, Nos. 1-13): II. Fantasie

33. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In A Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book III, Nos. 1-13): III. Allemande

34. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In A Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book III, Nos. 1-13): IV. Courante

35. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In A Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book III, Nos. 1-13): V. Sarabande

36. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In A Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book III, Nos. 1-13): VI. Gigue & Double

37. Suite For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo In A Minor (Pièces De Viole, Book III, Nos. 1-13): VII. Grand Ballet

Title: Suite IV En Re Majeur

38. Suite IV En Re Majeur: I. Prelude

39. Suite IV En Re Majeur: II. Fantaisie

40. Suite IV En Re Majeur: III. Rondeau

41. Suite IV En Re Majeur: IV. Plainte

42. Suite IV En Re Majeur: V. La Brillante

Disc 2

1. Suite IV En Re Majeur: VI. La Folette

Title: Suite VII En Sol Majeur

2. Suite VII En Sol Majeur: I. Prelude

3. Suite VII En Sol Majeur: II. Allemande La Magnifique & Double

4. Suite VII En Sol Majeur: III. Courante

5. Suite VII En Sol Majeur: IV. Sarabande Grave

6. Suite VII En Sol Majeur: V. Gigue A Langloise

7. Suite VII En Sol Majeur: VI. Menuet

8. Suite VII En Sol Majeur: VII. La Muzette

9. Suite VII En Sol Majeur: VIII. Muzette 2

10. Suite VII En Sol Majeur: IX. La Guitare

Title: Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87)

11. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): I. Marche Tartare

12. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): II. La Tartarine & Double

13. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): III. Les Fetes Champestres

14. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): IV. Le Tourbillon

15. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): V. Le Labyrinthe

16. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): VI. L'arabesque

17. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): VII. Allemande La Superbe

18. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): VIII. La Reveuse

19. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): IX. Marche

20. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): X. Gigue

21. Suitte D'un Gout Etranger, For Viola Da Gamba & Continuo (Pièces De Viole, Book IV, Nos. 55b-87): XI. Le Badinage

Title: Suite En Sol Mineur

22. Suite En Sol Mineur: I. Prelude

23. Suite En Sol Mineur: II. Fantaisie

24. Suite En Sol Mineur: III. Allemande La Marianne

25. Suite En Sol Mineur: IV. Sarabande

26. Suite En Sol Mineur: V. Gigue La Pagode

27. Suite En Sol Mineur: VI. Gavotte

28. Suite En Sol Mineur: VII. Menuet

29. Suite En Sol Mineur: VIII. Le Tombeau Pour Marais Le Cadet

30. Suite En Sol Mineur: IX. Rondo Le Badin

31. Suite En Sol Mineur: X. La Georgienne Dite La Maupertuis

Title: Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur

32. Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur: I. Prelude

33. Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur: II. Allemande La Bailly Duchene

34. Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur: III. La Simplicite Paysanne

35. Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur: IV. Sarabande

36. Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur: V. Menuets

37. Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur: VI. Marche Persane Dite La Savigny

38. Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur: VII. Gigue La Resolue

39. Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur: VIII. Le Tableau De Loperation De La Taille

40. Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur: IX. Les Relevailles

41. Suite En Mi Mineur/majeur: X. Suitte

x

Track List: Marin Marais: Pièces de viole du quatrième livre, 1717 (Suitte d'un goût etranger)

Comments

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benjamincask e y 0 2
Marais is a great musician
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mais oui, Marin Marais!
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Tous les Matins du Monde is FANTASTIC, Jordi Savall projects aussi.
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Les Folies D'Espagne
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gwjohnso6
I came across Marais' and Sainte Columbe's music as a result of their inclusion in the score of the film, Tous les matins du monde. I am forever grateful; they have certainly 'expanded my ears'...
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Wow. Makes me glad to have lived to this day to have finally heard this!
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This is music.
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Wow suks
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Amazing color and texture
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npehl
This indeed was the soundrack for the movie Tous Les Matines Du Monde performed by Jordi Saval.
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Other than the harpsicord, lute and violin this has to be my favorite type of baroque music.
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leo_andujar
Love his music since I was a small kid. Heavenly music!
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Love his stuff, so fab!
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am i crazy, or have i heard Suitte D'un Gout Etranger in the soundtrack to Tous Les Matines Du Monde? somebody help me here...
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pamahoster
One of the greats! His music is consistently inspired and substantive. . . . H e is in my top ten favorite composers. For the uninitated, rent the movie 'All The Mornings of the World" it is about the life of Marin Marais and won 8 french oscars ("Cesars")
Report as inappropriate
wow!

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