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Muddy Waters

Muddy Waters was the single most important artist to emerge in post-war American blues. A peerless singer, a gifted songwriter, an able guitarist, and leader of one of the strongest bands in the genre (which became a proving ground for a number of musicians who would become legends in their own right), Waters absorbed the influences of rural blues from the Deep South and moved them uptown, injecting his music with a fierce, electric energy and helping pioneer the Chicago Blues style that would come to dominate the music through the 1950s, ‘60s, and '70s. The depth of Waters' influence on rock as well as blues is almost incalculable, and remarkably, he made some of his strongest and most vital recordings in the last five years of his life.

Waters was born McKinley Morganfield, and historians argue about some details of his early life; while he often told reporters he was born in Rolling Fork, Mississippi on April 4, 1915, researchers have uncovered census records and personal documents that would pin the year of his birth at 1913 or 1914, and others have cited the place of his birth as Jug's Corner, a town in Mississippi's Issaquena County. What is certain is that Morganfield's mother died when he just three years old, and from then on he was raised on the Stovall Plantation in Clarksdale, Mississippi by his grandmother, Della Grant. Grant is said to have given young Morganfield the nickname "Muddy" because he liked to play in the mud as a boy, and the name stuck, with "Water" and "Waters" being tacked on a few years later. The rural South was a hotbed for the blues in the '20s and ‘30s, and young Muddy became entranced with the music when he discovered a neighbor had a phonograph and records by the likes of Blind Lemon Jefferson, Lonnie Johnson, and Tampa Red.

As Muddy became more deeply immersed in the blues, he took up the harmonica; he was performing locally at parties and fish fries by the age of 13, sometimes with guitarist Scott Bohanner, who lived and worked in Stovall. In his early teens, Muddy was introduced to the sound of contemporary Delta blues artists, such as Son House, Robert Johnson, and Charley Patton; their music inspired Waters to switch instruments, and he bought a guitar when he was 17, learning to play in the bottleneck style. Within a few years, he was performing on his own and with a local string band, the Son Simms Four; he also opened a juke joint on the Stovall grounds, where fellow sharecroppers could listen to music, enjoy a drink or a snack, and gamble. Waters became a fixture in Mississippi, performing with the likes of Big Joe Williams and Robert Nighthawk, and in the late summer of 1941, musical archivists Alan Lomax and John Work III arrived in Mississippi with a portable recording rig, eager to document local blues talent for the Library of Congress (it's said they were hoping to locate Robert Johnson, only to learn he had died three years earlier). Lomax and Work were strongly impressed with Waters, and recorded several sides of him performing in his juke joint; two of the songs were released as a 78, and when Waters received two copies of the single and $20 from Lomax, it encouraged him to seriously consider a professional career. In July 1943, Lomax returned to record more material with Waters; these early sessions with Lomax were collected on the album Down On Stovall's Plantation in 1966, and a 1994 reissue of the material, The Complete Plantation Recordings, won a Grammy award.

In 1943, Waters decided to pull up stakes and relocate to Chicago, Illinois in hopes of making a living off his music. (He moved to St. Louis for a spell in 1940, but didn't care for it.) Waters drove a truck and worked at a paper plant by day, and at night struggled to make a name for himself, playing house parties and any bar that would have him. Big Bill Broonzy reached out to Waters and helped him land better gigs; Muddy had recently switched to electric guitar to be better heard in noisy clubs, which added a new power to his cutting slide work. By 1946, Waters had come to the attention of Okeh Records, who took him into the studio to record but chose not to release the results. A session that same year for 20th Century Records resulted in just one tune being issued as the B-side of a James "Sweet Lucy" Carter release, but Waters fared better with Aristocrat Records, a Chicago-based label founded by brothers Leonard and Phil Chess. The Chess Brothers began recording Waters in 1947, and while a few early sides with Sunnyland Slim failed to make an impression, his second single for Aristocrat as a headliner, "I Can't Be Satisfied" b/w "(I Feel Like) Goin' Home," became a significant hit and launched Waters as a star on the Chicago blues scene.

Initially, the Chess Brothers recorded Waters with trusted local musicians (including Earnest "Big" Crawford and Alex Atkins), but for his live work, Waters had recruited a band which included Little Walter on harmonica, Jimmy Rogers on guitar, and Baby Face Leroy Foster on drums (later replaced by Elgin Evans), and in person, Waters and his group earned their reputation as the most powerful blues band in town, with Waters' passionate vocals and guitar matched by the force of his combo. By the early '50s, the Chess Brothers (who had changed the name of their label from Aristocrat to Chess Records in 1950) began using Waters' stage band in the studio, and Little Walter in particular became a favorite with blues fans and a superb foil for Waters. Otis Spann joined Waters' group on piano in 1953, and he would become the anchor for the band well into the '60s, after Little Walter and Jimmy Rogers had left to pursue solo careers. In the '50s, Waters released some of the most powerful and influential music in the history of electric blues, scoring hits with numbers like "Rollin' and Tumblin,'" "I'm Ready," "I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man," "Mannish Boy," "Trouble No More," "Got My Mojo Working," and "I Just Want to Make Love to You" which made him a frequent presence on the R&B charts.

By the end of the '50s, while Waters was still making fine music, his career was going into a slump. The rise of rock & roll had taken the spotlight away from more traditional blues acts in favor of younger and rowdier acts (ironically, Waters had headlined some of Alan Freed's early "Moondog" package shows), and Waters' first tour of England in 1958 was poorly received by many U.K. blues fans, who were expecting an acoustic set and were startled by the ferocity of Waters' electric guitar. Waters began playing more acoustic music informed by his Mississippi Delta heritage in the years that followed, even issuing an album titled Muddy Waters: Folk Singer in 1964. However, the jolly irony was that British blues fans would soon rekindle interest in Waters and electric Chicago blues; as the rise of the British Invasion made the world aware of the U.K. rock scene, the nascent British blues scene soon followed, and a number of Waters' U.K. acolytes became international stars, such as Eric Clapton, John Mayall, Alexis Korner, and a modestly successful London act who named themselves after Muddy's 1950 hit "Rollin' Stone." While Waters was still leading a fine band that delivered live (and included the likes of Pinetop Perkins on piano and James Cotton on harmonica), Chess Records was moving more toward the rock, soul, and R&B marketplace, and seemed eager to market him to white rock fans, a notion that reached its nadir in 1968 with Electric Mud, in which Waters was paired up with a psychedelic rock band (featuring guitarists Pete Cosey and Phil Upchurch) for rambling and aimless jams on Waters' blues classics. 1969's Fathers and Sons was a more inspired variation on this theme, with Waters playing alongside reverential white blues rockers such as Mike Bloomfield and Paul Butterfield; 1971's The London Muddy Waters Sessions was less impressive, featuring fine guitar work from Rory Gallagher but uninspired contributions from Steve Winwood, Rick Grech, and Georgie Fame.

Curiously, while Chess Records helped Waters make some of the finest blues records of the '50s and ‘60s, it was the label's demise that led to his creative rebirth. In 1969, the Chess Brothers sold the label to General Recorded Tape, and the label went through a long, slow commercial decline, finally folding in 1975. (Waters would become one of several Chess artists who sued the label for unpaid royalties in its later years.) Johnny Winter, a longtime Waters fan, heard the blues legend was without a record deal, and was instrumental in getting Waters signed to Blue Sky Records, a CBS-distributed label that had become his recording home. Winter produced the sessions for Waters' first Blue Sky release, and sat in with a band comprised of members of Waters' road band (including Bob Margolin and Willie "Big Eyes" Smith) along with James Cotton on harp and Pinetop Perkins on piano. 1977's Hard Again was a triumph, sounding as raw and forceful as Waters' classic Chess sides, with a couple extra decades of experience informing his performances, and it was rightly hailed as one of the finest albums Waters ever made while sparking new interest in his music. (It also earned him a Grammy award for Best Traditional or Ethnic Folk Recording.) Waters also dazzled music fans when he appeared at the Band's celebrated farewell concert on Thanksgiving 1976 at the invitation of Levon Helm, who had helped produce one of his last Chess releases, The Muddy Waters Woodstock Album. Muddy delivered a stunning performance of "Mannish Boy" that became one of the highlights of Martin Scorsese's 1978 concert film The Last Waltz. Between Hard Again and The Last Waltz, Waters enjoyed a major career boost, and he found himself touring again for large and enthusiastic crowds, sharing stages with the likes of Eric Clapton and the Rolling Stones, and cutting two more well-received albums with Winter as producer, 1978's I'm Ready and 1981's King Bee, as well as a solid 1979 concert set, Muddy "Mississippi" Waters Live. Waters' health began to fail him in 1982, and his final live appearance came in the fall of that year, when he sang a few songs at an Eric Clapton show in Florida. Waters died quietly of heart failure at his home in Westmont, Illinois on April 30, 1983. Since then, both Chicago and Westmont have named streets in Muddy's honor, he's appeared on a postage stamp, a marker commemorates the site of his childhood home in Clarksdale, and he appeared as a character in the 2008 film Cadillac Records, played by Jeffrey Wright. ~ Mark Deming
full bio

Selected Discography


Track List: You Shook Me: The Chess Masters, Vol. 3 - 1958 To 1963

Disc 1

1. Walking Thru The Park

2. Blues Before Sunrise

3. Mean Mistreater

4. Crawlin' Kingsnake

5. Lonesome Road Blues

6. Mopper's Blues

7. Take The Bitter With The Sweet

8. She's Into Something

9. Southbound Train

10. Just A Dream (On My Mind)

11. I Feel So Good

12. Hey, Hey

13. Love Affair

14. Recipe For Love

15. Baby, I Done Got Wise

16. Tell Me Baby

17. When I Get To Thinking

18. Double Trouble

19. Woman Wanted

20. Read Way Back

21. I'm Your Doctor

22. Deep Down In My Heart

23. Tiger In Your Tank

24. Soon Forgotten

25. Meanest Woman

26. I Got My Brand On You

Disc 2

1. I Got My Brand On You (Live)

2. (I'm Your) Hoochie Coochie Man (Live)

3. Baby Please Don't Go (Live)

4. Soon Forgotten (Live)

5. (I Wanna Put A) Tiger In Your Tank (Live)

6. I Feel So Good (Live)

7. Got My Mojo Working, Part 1 (Live)

8. Got My Mojo Working, Part 2 (Live)

9. Goodbye Newport Blues (Live)

10. Real Love

11. Lonesome Bedroom Blues

12. Messin' With The Man

13. Going Home

14. Down By The Deep Blue Sea

15. Muddy Waters Twist

16. Tough Times

17. You Shook Me

18. You Need Love

19. Little Brown Bird

20. Sweet Black Angel (AKA Black Angel Blues (Instrumental))

21. Five Long Years

22. Brown Skin Woman

23. Twenty Four Hours


Track List: Live At The Fillmore 1966

1. Forty Days And Forty Nights

2. Hoochie Coochie Man

3. Rock Me

4. Baby Please Don't Go

5. She Moves Me

6. Got My Mojo Working

7. You Can't Lose What You Ain't Never Had

8. Forty Days And Forty Nights

9. Baby Please Don't Go

10. Thirteen Highway

11. Rock Me

12. Honey Bee

13. Trouble No More

14. Hoochie Coochie Man

15. Long Distance Call


Track List: Muddy Waters 1950-1952

1. You're Gonna Need My Help I Said

2. Sad Letter Blues

4. Appealing Blues (Hello Little Girl)

5. Louisiana Blues

6. Evans Shuffle (Ebony Boogie)

7. Long Distance Call

8. Too Young To Know

9. Honey Bee

10. Howlin' Wolf

12. She Moves Me

13. My Fault

14. Still A Fool

15. They Call Me Muddy Waters

16. All Night Long

19. Lonesome Day

20. Please Have Mercy

21. Who's Gonna Be Your Sweet Man

22. Standing Around Crying

23. Gone To Main Street

24. Iodine In My Coffee


Track List: Martin Scorcese Presents The Blues: Muddy Waters

1. Country Blues, Number One

2. Burying Ground Blues

3. I Can't Be Satisfied

5. Rollin' Stone

6. Louisiana Blues

7. Long Distance Call

8. (I'm Your) Hoochie Coochie Man

9. I Just Want To Make Love To You

10. Mannish Boy

11. Trouble No More

12. Rock Me

13. Got My Mojo Working

14. You Shook Me

15. You Can't Lose What You Ain't Never Had

16. The Blues Had A Baby And They Named It Rock And Roll


Track List: The Anthology

Disc 1

1. Gypsy Woman

2. I Can't Be Satisfied

3. I Feel Like Going Home

4. Train Fare Home Blues

5. Mean Red Spider

6. Standin' Here Tremblin'

7. You Gonna Need My Help

8. Little Geneva

9. Rollin' & Tumlin', Part 1

10. Rollin' Stone

11. Walkin' Blues

12. Louisiana Blues

13. Long Distance Call

14. Honey Bee

15. Country Boy

16. She Moves Me

17. Still A Fool

18. Stuff You Gotta Watch

19. Who's Gonna Be Your Sweet Man When I'm Gone

20. Standin' Around Cryin'

21. Baby Please Don't Go

22. (I'm Your) Hoochie Coochie Man

23. I Just Want To Make Love To You

24. I'm Ready

25. Young Fashioned Ways

26. I Want To Be Loved

Disc 2

1. My Eyes (Keep Me In Trouble)

2. Mannish Boy

3. Sugar Sweet

4. Trouble No More

5. Forty Days And Forty Nights

6. Just To Be With You

7. Don't Go No Farther

8. Diamonds At Your Feet

9. I Love The Life I Live (I Live The Life I Love)

10. Got My Mojo Working

11. Rock Me

12. Look What You've Done

13. She's Nineteen Years old

14. Close To You

15. Walking Thru The Park

16. Take The Bitter With The Sweet

17. I Feel So Good (Live)

18. You Shook Me

19. My Home Is In The Delta

20. Good Morning Little School Girl

21. The Same Thing

22. You Can't Lose What You Ain't Never Had

23. All Aboard (Fathers And Sons)

24. Can't Get No Grindin'


Track List: 20th Century Masters - The Millennium Collection: The Best Of Muddy Waters

1. I Just Want To Make Love To You

2. Long Distance Call

3. I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man

4. Honey Bee

5. I'm Ready

6. Trouble No More

7. Mannish Boy

8. Rock Me

9. Sugar Sweet

10. Forty Days And Forty Nights

11. Got My Mojo Working


Track List: His Best 1947 To 1955

1. I Can't Be Satisfied

2. I Feel Like Going Home

3. Train Fare Blues

4. Rollin' And Tumblin', Part 1

5. Rollin' Stone

6. Louisiana Blues

7. Long Distance Call

8. Honey Bee

9. She Moves Me

10. Still A Fool

11. Standing Around Crying

12. Baby Please Don't Go

13. I Want You To Love Me

14. I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man

15. I Just Want To Make Love To You

16. I'm Ready

17. Young Fashioned Ways

18. Mannish Boy

19. Sugar Sweet

20. Trouble No More


Track List: King Bee

1. I'm A King Bee

2. Too Young To Know

3. Mean Old Frisco Blues

4. Forever Lonely

5. I Feel Like Going Home

6. Champagne & Reefer

7. Sad Sad Day

8. (My Eyes) Keep Me In Trouble

9. Deep Down In Flordia #2

10. No Escape From The Blues

11. I Won't Go On

12. Clouds In My Heart


Track List: Muddy 'Mississippi' Waters Live

Disc 1

1. Mannish Boy (Live)

2. She's Nineteen Years Old (Live)

3. Nine Below Zero (Live)

4. Streamline Woman (Live)

5. Howling Wolf (Live)

6. Baby Please Don't Go (Live)

7. Deep Down In Florida (Live)

Disc 2

4. Corrina, Corrina (Live)

5. Hoochie Coochie Man (Live)

7. Kansas City (Live)


Track List: Hard Again

1. Mannish Boy (Featuring Johnny Winter)

2. Bus Driver

3. I Want To Be Loved

4. Jealous Hearted Man

5. I Can't Be Satisfied

6. The Blues Had A Baby And They Named It Rock & Roll #2

7. Deep Down In Florida

8. Crosseyed Cat

9. Little Girl

10. Walking Through The Park


Track List: Can't Get No Grindin'

1. Can't Get No Grindin'

2. Mother's Bad Luck Child

3. Funky Butt

4. Sad Letter

5. Someday I'm Gonna Ketch You

6. Love Weapon

7. Garbage Man

8. After Hours

9. Whiskey Ain't No Good

10. Muddy Water's Shuffle


Track List: The London Muddy Waters Sessions

1. Blind Man Blues

2. Key To The Highway

3. Young Fashioned Ways (London Sessions)

4. I'm Gonna Move To The Outskirts Of Town

5. Who's Gonna Be Your Sweet Man When I'm Gone (London Sessions)

6. Walkin' Blues (London Sessions)

7. I'm Ready (London Sessions)

8. Sad, Sad Day (London Sessions)

9. I Don't Know Why


Track List: Fathers And Sons

1. All Aboard

2. Mean Disposition

3. Blow Wind Blow

4. Can't Lose What You Ain't Never Had

5. Walking Thru The Park

6. Forty Days And Forty Nights

7. Standin' Round Cryin'

8. I'm Ready

9. Twenty Four Hours

10. Sugar Sweet

11. Country Boy

12. I Love The Life I Live (I Live The Life I Love)

13. Oh Yeah

14. I Feel So Good

15. Long Distance Call (Live)

16. Baby, Please Don't Go (Live)

17. Honey Bee (Live)

18. The Same Thing (Live)

19. Got My Mojo Working Part One (Live)

20. Got My Mojo Working Part Two (Live)


Track List: Electric Mud

1. I Just Want To Make Love To You

2. I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man

3. Let's Spend The Night Together

4. She's Alright

5. Mannish Boy

6. Herbert Harper's Free Press News

7. Tom Cat

8. The Same Thing


Track List: The Real Folk Blues

1. Mannish Boy

2. Screamin' And Cryin'

3. Just To Be With You

4. Walking In The Park

5. Walking Blues

6. Canary Bird

7. Same Thing

8. Gypsy Woman

9. Rollin' & Tumblin'

10. 40 Days And Forty Nights

11. Little Geneva

12. You Can't Lose What You Never Had


Track List: Folk Singer

1. My Home Is In The Delta

2. Long Distance

3. My Captain

4. Good Morning Little School Girl

5. You Gonna Need My Help

6. Cold Weather Blues

7. Big Leg Woman

8. Country Boy

9. Feel Like Going Home

10. The Same Thing

11. You Can't Lose What You Never Had

12. My John The Conquerer Root

13. Short Dress Woman

14. Put Me In Your Lay Away


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Born a poor white child in northern Armenia MUD as he was known at a young age migrated to America on a shrimp boat and began playing blues as a way to get black chick's. The rest just sort of fell in to place.
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MUDDY WATERS: To me, YOU are in the R'N'R HALL OF FAME in my book!!!!!
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Well said.
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I am sort of new to social media but not The Blues

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You dont play enough Muddy Waters and there' no way to request.
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I just love Muddy waters his music just moves me when am down that's the man
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Don't read this. You will be kissed by the move of your life on the nearest Friday. Tomorrow will be the best day of your life. Now that you've started reading this don't stop or you will have bad luck. Post this on 15 songs in the next 143 minutes. Press the space bar and your crushes name will appear
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I have created several albums and I am elated with the eclectic aray
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Great bio on muddy. Great hits

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What's to say.? Unreal ,!,!!!
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Wrote some of the all time classics
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I saw Muddy and his band in a little club in Milwaukee in 1971. Maybe 100 people were there. I had just turned 21 so I was old enough to get in. After his first set, he walked 30 feet to the bar, looked at me, and said " How ya doing man" with a big grin. I don't think I said a word! I've been listening to the blues for almost 50 years. There is nothing to compare to the feeling. Muddy was and always will be the man.
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This is an awesome piece of classic Muddy and Johnny Winter. I was fortunate enough to see both these guys. Johnny Winter came to Muddy and wanted to produce and old style blues sound and gave Muddy that second chance into a new Era before he passed. This is one of the two albums they did together later in Muddy's life it was able to re spark his career in his golden years. He played the blues all the way to his end. One of the best. The blues got pregnant and they named the baby rock and roll.
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Could use this now lol
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King bee hmmmmhmm
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I love it
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Delta. Blues delta
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The blues keep my mojo working
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Bad a**
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Love Weapon.....
what a title? All women have one you know? Most of them don't know how to use it however.
the ones that do, have got men by the know what........ .
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Garbage Man is such a great song
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a huge talent and great listening
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Janis Joplin
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Juke Box all the way. Saw dust on the floor compositions .
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Muddy Waters :)
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I'm. A. Man!!!!!
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My main man
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work hard play hard that's a real man does this that manly music
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needs more cowbell
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yes yes yes like it
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The man the myth the magic
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Check out his performance at the Newport Jazz Festival in the early 60's. Phenomenal. One of those musicians I'm grateful I got to see even if he opened for ZZ Top.
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To the King family my love an prayer goes out to all my wife and mother and grandmother is gone by the grace of God I stand keep yur head an eyes on God.
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Saw him in the late 70's in Denver. Still great!
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When it was real
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Love exploring new music from before my time. Stumbling upon these jams is awsome
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Muddy Waters is the MAAAIIIIINNN N N !
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sorry more yonugsters dont now good blues, some dont even now who muddy waters is what a shame, thats where the music they now know got its start
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Nothin beats the blues
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when things go wrong in my life I've no one to blame but myself
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Rollin' 6ixes!!
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I'm a huge headbanger myself - but, without the blues, hard rock and heavy metal wouldn't even exist. \m/
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It really don't matter what genre you love. And I love metal, But you really have to understand, It started here \m/
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One of the best
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