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Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra

The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, or, as it is often called, the Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra, was founded in 1888, its first concert taking place on November 3 of that year. Concertgebouw means concert hall in Dutch, and the ensemble adopted that name from the lavish site where it has been based since 1888. The building, known for its splendid acoustics, houses a large auditorium (the Grote Zaal) and a small one (Kleine Zaal).

The Orchestra's first conductor was Willem Kes, who enforced a common etiquette on Dutch audiences previously unobserved: eating, late arrivals, and talking during performance were banned. Kes built the orchestra into a fine one, even if it still fell short of world-class caliber. Upon Kes' departure in 1895, the legendary Willem Mengelberg was appointed music director. He would serve for nearly 50 years in that capacity, molding the orchestra into a first-rate ensemble and making many famous recordings with the group.

During his reign Mengelberg took sabbaticals to conduct other orchestras in Europe and America, including the New York Philharmonic. During his absences, other conductors were engaged to serve as substitutes, including Pierre Monteux and Bruno Walter. While Mengelberg was highly respected and his orchestra widely admired, the repertory tended to be somewhat narrow, focusing largely on the Germanic sphere, especially on Beethoven and Richard Strauss. But he conducted works by Gustav Mahler, and the orchestra featured appearances by Rachmaninov and Prokofiev in performances of their works.

During World War II, Mengelberg sided with the Nazis, and after 1945 was banned from conducting the ensemble for six years. That same year Eduard van Beinum was appointed his successor. He broadened the repertory and maintained the orchestra's high performance standards during his 14 years on the podium. He died in 1959 during a rehearsal, and for the next four years, leadership of the orchestra was shared by Eugen Jochum and Bernard Haitink. Haitink was appointed chief conductor in 1963 and served in that capacity until 1988. During his tenure, the orchestra made numerous highly acclaimed tours and recordings.

Haitink's successor was Riccardo Chailly, who further broadened the repertory of the orchestra, and like his predecessors, produced a spate of critically acclaimed recordings. In 2004, Mariss Jansons was appointed conductor of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. Today the ensemble consists of 120 players and is widely considered one of the finest orchestras in the world.
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Brahms: Piano Concertos (complete); Overtures (complete); Haydn Variations ~ Arrau

Disc 1
Title: Piano Concerto No. 1 In D Minor, Op. 15
Title: Variations On A Theme Of Haydn For Orchestra In B Flat Major (St. Anthony Variations), Op. 56a
Disc 2
Title: Piano Concerto No. 2 In B Flat Major, Op. 83

1. Piano Concerto No. 2 In B Flat Major, Op. 83: I. Allegro Non Troppo

2. Piano Concerto No. 2 In B Flat Major, Op. 83: II. Allegro Appassionato

3. Piano Concerto No. 2 In B Flat Major, Op. 83: III. Andante

4. Piano Concerto No. 2 In B Flat Major, Op. 83: IV. Allegretto Grazioso

Title: Tragic Overture, In D Minor, Op. 81

5. Tragic Overture, In D Minor, Op. 81: Tragic Overture In D Minor, Op. 81

Title: Academic Festival Overture, For Orchestra In C Minor ("Akademische Festouvertüre"), Op. 80

6. Academic Festival Overture, For Orchestra In C Minor ("Akademische Festouvertüre"), Op. 80: Academic Festival Overture, Op. 80

x

Track List: Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos. 4 and 5

Title: Piano Concerto No. 4 In G Major, Op. 58

1. Piano Concerto No. 4 In G Major, Op. 58: I. Allegro Moderato

2. Piano Concerto No. 4 In G Major, Op. 58: II. Andante Con Moto

3. Piano Concerto No. 4 In G Major, Op. 58: III. Rondo: Vivace

Title: Piano Concerto No. 5 In E Flat Major ("Emperor"), Op. 73

4. Piano Concerto No. 5 In E Flat Major ("Emperor"), Op. 73: I. Allegro

5. Piano Concerto No. 5 In E Flat Major ("Emperor"), Op. 73: II. Adagio Un Pocco Mosso

6. Piano Concerto No. 5 In E Flat Major ("Emperor"), Op. 73: III. Rondo. Allegro

x

Track List: Beethoven: The Five Piano Concertos

Disc 1
Title: Piano Concerto No. 1 In C Major, Op. 15

1. Piano Concerto No. 1 In C Major, Op. 15: I. Allegro Con Brio

2. Piano Concerto No. 1 In C Major, Op. 15: II. Largo

3. Piano Concerto No. 1 In C Major, Op. 15: III. Rondo: Allegro Scherzando

Title: Piano Concerto No. 2 In B Flat Major, Op. 19

4. Piano Concerto No. 2 In B Flat Major, Op. 19: I. Allegro Con Brio

5. Piano Concerto No. 2 In B Flat Major, Op. 19: II. Adagio

6. Piano Concerto No. 2 In B Flat Major, Op. 19: III. Rondo. Molto Allegro

Disc 2
Title: Piano Concerto No. 3 In C Minor, Op. 37

1. Piano Concerto No. 3 In C Minor, Op. 37: I. Allegro Con Brio

2. Piano Concerto No. 3 In C Minor, Op. 37: II. Largo

3. Piano Concerto No. 3 In C Minor, Op. 37: III. Rondo: Allegro

Title: Piano Concerto No. 4 In G Major, Op. 58

4. Piano Concerto No. 4 In G Major, Op. 58: I. Allegro Moderato

5. Piano Concerto No. 4 In G Major, Op. 58: II. Andante Con Moto

6. Piano Concerto No. 4 In G Major, Op. 58: III. Rondo: Vivace

Disc 3
Title: Piano Concerto No. 5 In E Flat Major ("Emperor"), Op. 73

1. Piano Concerto No. 5 In E Flat Major ("Emperor"), Op. 73: I. Allegro

2. Piano Concerto No. 5 In E Flat Major ("Emperor"), Op. 73: II. Adagio Un Pocco Mosso

3. Piano Concerto No. 5 In E Flat Major ("Emperor"), Op. 73: III. Rondo. Allegro

x

Track List: Bruckner: Symphony No. 7

Title: Symphony No. 7 In E Major, Wab 107

1. Symphony No. 7 In E Major, Wab 107: I. Allegro Moderato

2. Symphony No. 7 In E Major, Wab 107: II. Adagio. Sehr Feierlich Und Sehr Langsam

3. Symphony No. 7 In E Major, Wab 107: III. Scherzo. Sehr Schnell

4. Symphony No. 7 In E Major, Wab 107: IV. Finale. Bewegt, Doch Nicht Schnell

x

Track List: Debussy: Orchestral Music

Disc 1
Title: Berceuse Héroïque for Piano (Or Orchestra), L. 132

1. Berceuse Héroïque for Piano (Or Orchestra), L. 132: Berceuse Heroique

Title: Images (3), For Orchestra, L. 122

2. Images (3), For Orchestra, L. 122: I. Gigues

3. Images (3), For Orchestra, L. 122: II. Iberia

4. Images (3), For Orchestra, L. 122: II. Les Parfums De La Nuit

5. Images (3), For Orchestra, L. 122: III. Le Matin D'un Jour De Fête

6. Images (3), For Orchestra, L. 122: III. Rondes De Printemps

Title: Jeux, Ballet, L. 126

7. Jeux, Ballet, L. 126: Jeux

Title: Marche Écossaise, Sur Un Thème Populaire, For Piano, 4 Hands (or Orchestra), L. 77

8. Marche Écossaise, Sur Un Thème Populaire, For Piano, 4 Hands (or Orchestra), L. 77: Marche Ecossaise, Sur Un Theme Populaire, For Piano, 4 Hands (Or Orchestra), L. 77

Disc 2
Title: Prélude à L'après-midi D'un Faune (Prelude To The Afternoon Of A Faun), For Orchestra, L. 86

1. Prélude à L'après-midi D'un Faune (Prelude To The Afternoon Of A Faun), For Orchestra, L. 86: Prelude A L'apres-midi D'un Faune

Title: Nocturnes, For Female Chorus & Orchestra, L. 91

2. Nocturnes, For Female Chorus & Orchestra, L. 91: I. Nuages. Modéré - Un peu animé

3. Nocturnes, For Female Chorus & Orchestra, L. 91: II. Fêtes. Animé et très rythmé - Modéré mais toujours très rythmé - De plus en plus sonore en serra

4. Nocturnes, For Female Chorus & Orchestra, L. 91: III. Sirènes. Modérément animé

Title: La Mer, Symphonic Sketches (3) For Orchestra, L. 109

5. La Mer, Symphonic Sketches (3) For Orchestra, L. 109: I. De L'aube A Midi Sur La Mer

6. La Mer, Symphonic Sketches (3) For Orchestra, L. 109: II. Jeux De Vagues

7. La Mer, Symphonic Sketches (3) For Orchestra, L. 109: III. Dialobue Du Vent Et De La Mer

Title: Rhapsodie for clarinet & piano (or orchestra), L. 116

8. Rhapsodie for clarinet & piano (or orchestra), L. 116: Premiere Rapsodie For Clarinet And Piano

Title: Danses Sacrée Et Profane, For Chromatic Harp & String Orchestra, L. 103

9. Danses Sacrée Et Profane, For Chromatic Harp & String Orchestra, L. 103: I. Danse Sacrée

10. Danses Sacrée Et Profane, For Chromatic Harp & String Orchestra, L. 103: II. Danse Profane

x

Track List: Duo Piano Extravaganza

Disc 1
Composer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Title: Variations (5) On An Original Theme For Piano, 4 Hands In G Major, K. 501
Composer: Sergey Rachmaninov
Title: Suite No. 2 For 2 Pianos In C Major, Op. 17
Composer: Béla Bartók
Title: Concerto For 2 Pianos, Percussion & Orchestra, Sz. 115, BB 121
Composer: Claude Debussy
Title: En Blanc Et Noir, For 2 Pianos, L. 134
Disc 2
Composer: Witold Lutoslawski
Title: Variations On A Theme Of Paganini, For 2 Pianos
Composer: Béla Bartók
Title: Sonata For 2 Pianos & 2 Percussion, Sz. 110, BB 15
Composer: Camille Saint-Saëns
Title: Carnival Of The Animals, Zoological Fantasy For 2 Pianos & Ensemble
Composer: Maurice Ravel
Title: La Valse, Poème Choréographique For Piano Or 2 Pianos
x

Track List: Haydn: 6 London Symphonies

Disc 1
Title: Symphony No. 94 In G Major ("Surprise"/"the Drumstroke"/"mit Dem Paukenschlag"), H. 1/94

1. Symphony No. 94 In G Major ("Surprise"/"the Drumstroke"/"mit Dem Paukenschlag"), H. 1/94: I. Adagio. Vivace Assai

2. Symphony No. 94 In G Major ("Surprise"/"the Drumstroke"/"mit Dem Paukenschlag"), H. 1/94: II. Andante

3. Symphony No. 94 In G Major ("Surprise"/"the Drumstroke"/"mit Dem Paukenschlag"), H. 1/94: III. Menuet & Trio: Allegro Molto

4. Symphony No. 94 In G Major ("Surprise"/"the Drumstroke"/"mit Dem Paukenschlag"), H. 1/94: IV. Finale: Allegro Di Molto

Title: Symphony No. 100 In G Major ("Military") H. 1/100

5. Symphony No. 100 In G Major ("Military") H. 1/100: I. Adagio - Allegro

6. Symphony No. 100 In G Major ("Military") H. 1/100: II. Allegretto

7. Symphony No. 100 In G Major ("Military") H. 1/100: III. Menuet & Trio - Moderato

8. Symphony No. 100 In G Major ("Military") H. 1/100: IV. Finale - Presto

Title: Symphony No. 101 In D Major ("Clock"), H. 1/101

9. Symphony No. 101 In D Major ("Clock"), H. 1/101: I. Adagio-presto

10. Symphony No. 101 In D Major ("Clock"), H. 1/101: II. Andante

11. Symphony No. 101 In D Major ("Clock"), H. 1/101: III. Menuetto: Allegretto

12. Symphony No. 101 In D Major ("Clock"), H. 1/101: IV. Vivace

Disc 2
Title: Symphony No. 96 In D Major ("Miracle"), H. 1/96

1. Symphony No. 96 In D Major ("Miracle"), H. 1/96: I. Adagio - Allegro

2. Symphony No. 96 In D Major ("Miracle"), H. 1/96: II. Andante

3. Symphony No. 96 In D Major ("Miracle"), H. 1/96: III. Menuetto & Trio, Allegretto

4. Symphony No. 96 In D Major ("Miracle"), H. 1/96: IV. Finale Vivace (Assai)

Title: Symphony No. 103 In E Flat Major ("Drumroll"), H. 1/103

5. Symphony No. 103 In E Flat Major ("Drumroll"), H. 1/103: I. Adagio - Allegro Con Spirito

6. Symphony No. 103 In E Flat Major ("Drumroll"), H. 1/103: II. Andante Piu Tosto Allegretto

7. Symphony No. 103 In E Flat Major ("Drumroll"), H. 1/103: III. Menuet & Trio

8. Symphony No. 103 In E Flat Major ("Drumroll"), H. 1/103: IV. Finale - Allegro Con Spirito

Title: Symphony No. 104 In D Major ("London"), H. 1/104

9. Symphony No. 104 In D Major ("London"), H. 1/104: I. Adagio - Allegro

10. Symphony No. 104 In D Major ("London"), H. 1/104: II. Andante

11. Symphony No. 104 In D Major ("London"), H. 1/104: III. Menuetto & Trio - Allegro

12. Symphony No. 104 In D Major ("London"), H. 1/104: IV. Finale - Spirtuoso

x

Track List: Haydn: The London Symphonies, Vol. 1

Disc 1
Title: Symphony No. 95 In C Minor, H. 1/95
Title: Symphony No. 98 In B Flat Major, H. 1/98
Title: Symphony No. 104 In D Major ("London"), H. 1/104
Disc 2
Title: Symphony No. 96 In D Major ("Miracle"), H. 1/96
Title: Symphony No. 102 In B Flat Major, H. 1/102
Title: Symphony No. 103 In E Flat Major ("Drumroll"), H. 1/103

Comments

Report as inappropriate
Was visualizing a beautiful ballet being performed to this!!
Report as inappropriate
lkgrebnel
Pretty darned stunning. . .

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