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Igor Stravinsky

June 17, 1882 - April 6, 1971
born in Orianenbaum, Russia, composed during the Modern period
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.

Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.

Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."

After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. ~ Rovi Staff, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: Apollo / Orpheus

Title: Apollon Musagète, Ballet in 2 Scenes for String Orchestra
Title: Orpheus, Ballet in 3 Scenes for Orchestra
x

Track List: Boulez Conducts Stravinsky

Title: Scherzo Fantastique, For Orchestra, Op. 3
Title: King Of The Stars (Zvezdoliki), Cantata For Male Chorus & Orchestra
Title: Chant Du Rossignol (The Song Of The Nightingale), Symphonic Poem For Orchestra
Title: L'histoire Du Soldat (The Soldier's Tale), Concert Suite For 7 Instruments
x

Track List: Shadow Dances: Stravinsky Miniatures

Title: Tango, for chamber orchestra
Title: Suite No. 1, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Suite No. 2, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Concerto in D, for String Orchestra in D Major ("Basel Concerto")
Title: Concertino, for 12 Instruments
Title: Octet for Wind Instruments
Title: Pieces (3) for string quartet
Title: Præludium, for jazz band
Title: Ragtime, for 11 Instruments
Title: Lied onhe Namen, duet for 2 bassoons
Title: Fanfare for a New Theater, for 2 trumpets
Title: Scherzo à La Russe, for Orchestra
x

Track List: Stravinsky (Solo Piano Works)

Title: Sonata For Piano
Title: Etudes (4) For Piano, Op. 7
Title: Ragtime, Transcription For Piano (After 11 Instrument Version)
Title: Suite No. 2, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Tango, For Piano
Title: Suite No. 2, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Piano-rag-music, For Piano
Title: Prologue (After M. Musorgsky's Boris Gudunov)
Title: Serenade For Piano In A Major
Title: Circus Polka, For Piano ("For A Young Elephant")
Title: Sketches (2) For A Sonata, For Piano
Title: L'oiseau De Feu (The Firebird), Ballet In 2 Scenes For Piano (Reduction)
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Ballets

Disc 1
Title: L'oiseau De Feu (The Firebird), Ballet In 2 Scenes For Orchestra
Title: Scherzo à La Russe, for Orchestra
Title: Scherzo Fantastique, For Orchestra, Op. 3
Title: Fireworks (Feu D'artifice), Fantasy for Orchestra, Op. 4
Disc 2
Title: Petrushka, Ballet (Burlesque) in 4 Scenes for Orchestra (1947 Version)
Title: Le Sacre Du Printemps (The Rite Of Spring), Ballet In 2 Parts For Orchestra
Disc 3
Title: Les Noces III (The Wedding), Ballet In 4 Tableaux For Vocal Soloists, Chorus, 4 Pianos & Percussion
Title: Renard, Opera-ballet (Burlesque) for 4 Vocal Soloists & Chamber Orchestra
Title: L'histoire Du Soldat (the Soldier's Tale), for 3 Actors, Dancer & 7 Instruments
Disc 4
Title: Agon, Ballet for Twelve Dancers & Orchestra
Title: Jeu De Cartes (Card Game), Ballet In "Three Deals" For Orchestra
Disc 5
Title: Scènes De Ballet, For Orchestra
Title: Bluebird Pas-de-deux, Transcription for Chamber Orchestra (after Tchaikovsky: Sleeping Beauty)
Title: Le Baiser De La Fée (the Fairy’s Kiss), Ballet in 4 Scenes for Orchestra
Disc 6
Title: Orpheus, Ballet in 3 Scenes for Orchestra
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Ballets; Stage Works; Orchestral Works

Disc 1
Title: L'oiseau De Feu (The Firebird), Ballet In 2 Scenes For Orchestra
Title: Chant Du Rossignol (The Song Of The Nightingale), Symphonic Poem For Orchestra
Disc 2
Title: Petrushka, Ballet (Burlesque) in 4 Scenes for Orchestra (1947 Version)
Title: Le Sacre Du Printemps (The Rite Of Spring), Ballet In 2 Parts For Orchestra
Disc 3
Title: Pulcinella, Ballet With Song In 1 Act, For 3 Vocal Soloists & Orchestra
Title: Apollon Musagète, Ballet in 2 Scenes for String Orchestra
Disc 4
Title: Le Baiser De La Fée (the Fairy’s Kiss), Ballet in 4 Scenes for Orchestra
Title: Renard, Opera-ballet (Burlesque) for 4 Vocal Soloists & Chamber Orchestra
Disc 5
Title: L'histoire Du Soldat (The Soldier's Tale), Concert Suite For 7 Instruments
Title: Pulcinella, Suite For Orchestra
Disc 6
Title: Symphony in C, for orchestra in C major
Title: Symphony In Three Movements, For Orchestra
Title: Fragment Des Symphonies Pour Instruments À Vent À Mémoire De Claude Achille Debussy
Disc 7
Title: Concerto For Piano & Wind Instruments
Title: Capriccio, For Piano & Orchestra
Title: Suite No. 1, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Suite No. 2, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Etudes (4) for Orchestra
Title: Scherzo à La Russe, for Orchestra
Disc 8
Title: Symphony of Psalms, for chorus & orchestra
Title: Les Noces III (The Wedding), Ballet In 4 Tableaux For Vocal Soloists, Chorus, 4 Pianos & Percussion
Title: Mavra, Opera Buffa In 1 Act
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Chamber Works & Rarities

Disc 1
Title: Concerto for Chamber Orchestra in E Flat Major ("Dumbarton Oaks")
Title: Danses Concertantes, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Concerto in D, for String Orchestra in D Major ("Basel Concerto")
Title: Etudes (4) for Orchestra
Title: Norwegian Moods (4), for Orchestra
Title: Suite No. 1, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Suite No. 2, For Chamber Orchestra
Disc 2
Title: Ragtime, for 11 Instruments
Title: Octet for Wind Instruments
Title: Pieces (3) for Solo Clarinet
Title: L'histoire Du Soldat (the Soldier's Tale), Suite Transcribed for Violin, Clarinet & Piano
Title: Pastorale, Song Without Words For Violin & Woodwind Quartet
Title: Concertino, for 12 Instruments
Title: Septet, for Clarinet, Bassoon, Horn, Piano, Violin, Viola & Cello
Title: Epitaphium Für Das Grabmal Des Prinzen Max Egon Zu Fürstenberg, for Flute, Clarinet & Harp
Title: Concerto for 2 Solo Pianos
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Duo Concertante; Pastorale

Title: Divertimento, Transcription For Violin & Piano By Stravinsky & Samuel Dushkin (after The Fairy's Kiss)
Title: Ballad, For Violin & Piano (from The Fairy's Kiss, Transcibed By Stravinsky & Jeanne Gautier)
Title: Pastorale, Song Without Words For Violin & Piano (transcribed With Samuel Dushkin)
Title: Suite Italienne, For Violin & Piano (after Pulcinella, Transcribed With Samuel Dushkin)
Title: Duo Concertante, For Violin & Piano
Title: Chanson Russes, For Violin & Piano ("Parasha's Aria")
Title: Russian Dance, Transcription For Violin & Piano (after Petrushka, With Samuel Dushkin)
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Firebird Ballet, Petroushka Ballet, Symphony in 3 Movements, Scherzo a la Russe, 4 Studies; Sir Simon Rattle

Disc 1
Title: L'oiseau De Feu (The Firebird), Ballet In 2 Scenes For Orchestra
Title: Scherzo À La Russe, For Jazz Band
Title: Etudes (4) for Orchestra
Title: Scherzo à La Russe, for Orchestra
Disc 2
Title: Petrushka, Ballet (Burlesque) in 4 Scenes for Orchestra (1947 Version)
Title: Symphony In Three Movements, For Orchestra
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Histoire du Soldat

Title: Fanfare for a New Theater, for 2 trumpets
Title: Octet for Wind Instruments
Title: Lied onhe Namen, duet for 2 bassoons
Title: Pastorale, Song Without Words For Violin & Woodwind Quartet
Title: Pribaoutki (4), Song Cycle For Voice & 8 Instruments Or Piano
Title: Tango, For Piano
Title: The Mushrooms Going To War, Song For Voice & Piano
Title: La Marseillaise, Transcription For Violin Solo (after Rouget De Lisle)
Title: Petit Ramusianum Harmonique, For Chorus
Title: L'histoire Du Soldat (The Soldier's Tale), Concert Suite For 7 Instruments
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Later Ballets

Title: Jeu De Cartes (Card Game), Ballet In "Three Deals" For Orchestra
Title: Danses Concertantes, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Scènes De Ballet, For Orchestra
Title: Variations: Aldous Huxley In Memoriam, For Orchestra
Title: Capriccio, For Piano & Orchestra
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Le Sacre Du Printemps

Disc 1
Title: Le Sacre Du Printemps (The Rite Of Spring), Ballet In 2 Parts For Orchestra
Title: L'oiseau De Feu (The Firebird), Ballet In 2 Scenes For Orchestra
Disc 2
Title: Le Sacre Du Printemps (The Rite Of Spring), Ballet In 2 Parts For Orchestra
Title: L'oiseau De Feu (The Firebird), Ballet In 2 Scenes For Orchestra
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Music for Piano

Disc 1
Title: Piano-rag-music, For Piano
Title: Tango, For Piano
Title: Circus Polka, For Piano ("For A Young Elephant")
Title: Valse Pour Les Enfants, For Piano
Title: Sonata For Piano
Title: Ragtime, Transcription For Piano (After 11 Instrument Version)
Title: Etudes (4) For Piano, Op. 7
Title: Scherzo, For Piano
Title: Sonata In F Sharp Minor, For Piano
Disc 2
Title: Chant Du Rossignol (Song Of The Nightingale), Symphonic Poem For Piano (reduction)
Title: Serenade For Piano In A Major
Title: L'oiseau De Feu (The Firebird), Ballet In 2 Scenes For Piano (Reduction)
Title: Symphonies Of Wind Instruments, For Piano (transcribed By Arthur Lourié)
Title: Petrushka, Movements (3) For Piano
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Music for Two Pianos (Music For Four Hands)

Title: Sonata for 2 pianos
Title: Concerto for 2 Solo Pianos
Title: Le Sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring), ballet in 2 parts for piano, 4 hands
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Symphony Of Psalms

Title: Otche Nash' (Pater Noster), For Chorus
Title: Ave Maria, For Chorus A Cappella (after Bogoroditse D'vo)
Title: Credo, For Chorus
Title: Mass, For Chorus & Double Wind Quintet
Title: Cantata, For 2 Soloists, Female Chorus & Chamber Orchestra
Title: Babel, Cantata For Reciter, Male Chorus & Orchestra (for Collaborative Cantata "Genesis Suite")
Title: Symphony of Psalms, for chorus & orchestra
x

Track List: Stravinsky: The Rite Of Spring: The Nightingale

Title: Le Sacre Du Printemps (The Rite Of Spring), Ballet In 2 Parts For Orchestra
Title: Le Rossignol, Opera (lyric Tale) In 3 Acts
x

Track List: Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring; The Firebird Suite

Title: L'oiseau De Feu (The Firebird), Ballet Suite For Orchestra
Title: Le Sacre Du Printemps (The Rite Of Spring), Ballet In 2 Parts For Orchestra
x

Track List: Stravinsky: Works for Piano

Disc 1
Title: Sonata In F Sharp Minor, For Piano
Title: Scherzo, For Piano
Title: Etudes (4) For Piano, Op. 7
Title: Souvenir D'une Marche Boche, For Piano
Title: Valse Pour Les Enfants, For Piano
Title: Les Cinq Doigts (The Five Fingers), Very Easy Pieces (8) On 5 Notes For Piano
Title: Sonata For Piano
Title: Serenade For Piano In A Major
Disc 2
Title: Petrushka, Movements (3) For Piano
Title: Piano-rag-music, For Piano
Title: Tango, For Piano
Title: Capriccio, For Piano & Orchestra
Title: Concerto For Piano & Wind Instruments
Title: Movements (5), For Piano & Orchestra
x

Track List: The Essential Igor Stravinsky

Disc 1
Title: Fireworks (Feu D'artifice), Fantasy for Orchestra, Op. 4
Title: L'oiseau De Feu (The Firebird), Ballet In 2 Scenes For Orchestra
Title: Petrushka, Ballet (burlesque) In 4 Scenes For Orchestra (1911 Version)
Title: Le Sacre Du Printemps (The Rite Of Spring), Ballet In 2 Parts For Orchestra
Title: Suite No. 1, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Ragtime, for 11 Instruments
Title: L'histoire Du Soldat (The Soldier's Tale), Concert Suite For 7 Instruments
Title: Piano-rag-music, For Piano
Title: Pulcinella, Ballet With Song In 1 Act, For 3 Vocal Soloists & Orchestra
Title: Octet for Wind Instruments
Title: Concerto For Piano & Wind Instruments
Disc 2
Title: Symphony of Psalms, for chorus & orchestra
Title: Concerto In D For Violin And Orchestra
Title: Pastorale, Song Without Words For Violin & Woodwind Quartet
Title: Jeu De Cartes (Card Game), Ballet In "Three Deals" For Orchestra
Title: Concerto for Chamber Orchestra in E Flat Major ("Dumbarton Oaks")
Title: Symphony in C, for orchestra in C major
Title: The Star-Spangled Banner, Transcription For Orchestra (after John Stafford Smith)
Title: Norwegian Moods (4), for Orchestra
Title: Circus Polka, For Orchestra ("for A Young Elephant")
Title: Scherzo à La Russe, for Orchestra
Title: Symphony In Three Movements, For Orchestra
Title: Ebony Concerto, for clarinet & jazz band
Title: The Rake's Progress, Opera In 3 Acts
Title: Tango, for chamber orchestra
Title: Greeting Prelude, For Orchestra
Title: Monumentum Pro Gesualdo Di Venosa Ad CD Annum, For Orchestra
Title: Elegy For J. F. K., For Voice & 3 Clarinets
Title: Fanfare for a New Theater, for 2 trumpets
Title: Requiem Canticles, For 2 Vocal Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra
Title: The Owl And The Pussy-cat, For Voice & Piano
Title: Stravinsky In His Own Words
x

Track List: The Firebird Suite, Pulcinella Suite, Scherzo Fantastique, Suites Nos. 1 & 2 For Small Orchestra

Title: L'oiseau De Feu (The Firebird), Concert Suite For Orchestra No. 2
Title: Pulcinella, Suite For Orchestra
Title: Scherzo Fantastique, For Orchestra, Op. 3
Title: Suite No. 1, For Chamber Orchestra
Title: Suite No. 2, For Chamber Orchestra