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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

January 27, 1756 - December 5, 1791
born in Salzburg, Austria, composed during the Classical period
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was not only one of the greatest composers of the Classical period, but one of the greatest of all time. Surprisingly, he is not identified with radical formal or harmonic innovations, or with the profound kind of symbolism heard in some of Bach's works. Mozart's best music has a natural flow and irresistible charm, and can express humor, joy or sorrow with both conviction and mastery. His operas, especially his later efforts, are brilliant examples of high art, as are many of his piano concertos and later symphonies. Even his lesser compositions and juvenile works feature much attractive and often masterful music.

Mozart was the last of seven children, of whom five did not survive early childhood. By the age of three he was playing the clavichord, and at four he began writing short compositions. Young Wolfgang gave his first public performance at the age of five at Salzburg University, and in January, 1762, he performed on harpsichord for the Elector of Bavaria. There are many astonishing accounts of the young Mozart's precocity and genius. At the age of seven, for instance, he picked up a violin at a musical gathering and sight-read the second part of a work with complete accuracy, despite his never having had a violin lesson.

In the years 1763 - 1766, Mozart, along with his father Leopold, a composer and musician, and sister Nannerl, also a musically talented child, toured London, Paris, and other parts of Europe, giving many successful concerts and performing before royalty. The Mozart family returned to Salzburg in November 1766. The following year young Wolfgang composed his first opera, Apollo et Hyacinthus. Keyboard concertos and other major works were also coming from his pen now.

In 1769, Mozart was appointed Konzertmeister at the Salzburg Court by the Archbishop. Beginning that same year, the Mozarts made three tours of Italy, where the young composer studied Italian opera and produced two successful efforts, Mitridate and Lucio Silla. In 1773, Mozart was back in Austria, where he spent most of the next few years composing. He wrote all his violin concertos between 1774 and 1777, as well as Masses, symphonies, and chamber works.

In 1780, Mozart wrote his opera Idomeneo, which became a sensation in Munich. After a conflict with the Archbishop, Mozart left his Konzertmeister post and settled in Vienna. He received a number of commissions now and took on a well-paying but unimportant Court post. In 1782 Mozart married Constanze Weber and took her to Salzburg the following year to introduce her to his family. 1782 was also the year that saw his opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail staged with great success.

In 1784, Mozart joined the Freemasons, apparently embracing the teachings of that group. He would later write music for certain Masonic lodges. In the early- and mid-1780s, Mozart composed many sonatas and quartets, and often appeared as soloist in the fifteen piano concertos he wrote during this period. Many of his commissions were for operas now, and Mozart met them with a string of masterpieces. Le nozze di Figaro came 1786, Don Giovanni in 1787, Così fan tutte in 1790 and Die Zauberflöte in 1791. Mozart made a number of trips in his last years, and while his health had been fragile in previous times, he displayed no serious condition or illness until he developed a fever of unknown origin near the end of 1791. ~ Robert Cummings, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: Cafe Mozart

Disc 1
Title: Serenade No. 13 For Strings In G Major ("Eine Kleine Nachtmusik"), K. 525
Title: Serenade No. 10 For Winds In B Flat Major ("Gran Partita"), K. 361 (K. 370a)
Title: Symphony No. 40 In G Minor, K. 550
Title: Piano Concerto No. 23 in A major, K. 488
Title: Piano Sonata No. 11 In A Major ("Alla Turca") K. 331 (K. 300i)
Title: Clarinet Concerto In A Major, K. 622
Title: Serenade No. 13 For Strings In G Major ("Eine Kleine Nachtmusik"), K. 525
Title: Violin Concerto No. 3 In G Major, K. 216
Title: Requiem For Soloists, Chorus, And Orchestra, K. 626
Disc 2
Title: Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492
Title: Piano Concerto No. 21 In C Major ("Elvira Madigan") K. 467
Title: Piano Sonata No. 15 In C Major ("Sonata Semplice") K. 545
Title: Piano Sonata No. 11 In A Major ("Alla Turca") K. 331 (K. 300i)
Title: Serenade No. 13 For Strings In G Major ("Eine Kleine Nachtmusik"), K. 525
Title: Sinfonia concertante for violin, viola & orchestra in E flat major, K. 364 (K. 320d)
Title: Concerto For Flute, Harp & Orchestra In C Major, K. 299 (K. 297c)
Title: Clarinet Quintet In A Major ("Stadler"), K. 581
x

Track List: Music For Dads And Dads-To-Be

Title: Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute), Opera, K. 620
Title: Piano Trio No. 2 In G Major, K. 496
Title: Divertimento for string quartet (or string orchestra) in B flat major ("Salzburg Symphony No. 2"), K. 137 (K. 125b)
Title: Violin Concerto No. 1 In B Flat Major, K. 207
Title: Divertimento for wind ensemble in B flat major (doubtful), K. Anh. 227 (K. Anh. C 17.02)
Title: Divertimento No. 12 for 2 oboes, 2 bassoons & 2 horns in E flat major, K. 252 (K. 240a)
Title: Serenade No. 12 For Winds In C Minor ("Nacht Musique"), K. 388 (K. 384a)
Title: Adagio for English horn, 2 horns & bassoon in C major (fragment), K. Anh. 94 (K. 580a)
Title: Sonata For Violin & Piano No. 33 In E Flat Major, K. 481
x

Track List: Allegro Molto In C Major (Single)

x

Track List: Arias And Duets

Title: Die Entführung Aus Dem Serail (The Abduction From The Seraglio), Opera, K. 384
Title: Così Fan Tutte, Opera, K. 588
Title: Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492
Title: Don Giovanni, Opera, K. 527
Title: Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute), Opera, K. 620
x

Track List: Donna: Opera And Concert Arias By Mozart

Title: Mitridate, Rè Di Ponto, Opera, K. 87 (K. 74a)
Title: Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute), Opera, K. 620
Title: Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492
Title: La Finta Semplice, Opera, K. 51 (K. 46a)
Title: Die Entführung Aus Dem Serail (The Abduction From The Seraglio), Opera, K. 384
Title: Vorrei Spiegarvi, O Dio, Aria For Soprano & Orchestra, K. 418
Title: Don Giovanni, Opera, K. 527
Title: La Clemenza Di Tito, Opera, K. 621
Title: Don Giovanni, Opera, K. 527
Title: La Clemenza Di Tito, Opera, K. 621
Title: No No, Che Non Sei Capace, Aria For Soprano & Orchestra, K. 419
Title: Data Track
x

Track List: Essential Mozart - 32 Of His Greatest Masterpieces

Disc 1
Title: Serenade No. 13 For Strings In G Major ("Eine Kleine Nachtmusik"), K. 525
Title: Piano Concerto No. 21 In C Major ("Elvira Madigan") K. 467
Title: Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492
Title: Clarinet Quintet In A Major ("Stadler"), K. 581
Title: Ave Verum Corpus, Motet For Chorus, Strings & Organ, K. 618
Title: Vesperae Solennes De Confessore For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra, K. 339
Title: Concerto For Flute, Harp & Orchestra In C Major, K. 299 (K. 297c)
Title: Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492
Title: Così Fan Tutte, Opera, K. 588
Title: Symphony No. 39 In E Flat Major, K. 543
Title: Horn Concerto No. 4 In E Flat Major, K. 495
Title: Don Giovanni, Opera, K. 527
Title: Contredanse For Orchestra In C Major, K. 609/1
Title: German Dance For Orchestra In C Major ("Die Schlittenfahrt"), K. 605/3
Title: Piano Concerto No. 23 in A major, K. 488
Title: Divertimento for 2 horns & strings in F major ("Ein musikalischer Spass," "A Musical Joke"), K. 522
Disc 2
Title: Symphony No. 40 In G Minor, K. 550
Title: Piano Sonata No. 15 In C Major ("Sonata Semplice") K. 545
Title: Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute), Opera, K. 620
Title: Clarinet Concerto In A Major, K. 622
Title: Don Giovanni, Opera, K. 527
Title: Serenade No. 10 For Winds In B Flat Major ("Gran Partita"), K. 361 (K. 370a)
Title: Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute), Opera, K. 620
Title: Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492
Title: Violin Concerto No. 3 In G Major, K. 216
Title: Requiem For Soloists, Chorus, And Orchestra, K. 626
Title: Litaniae De Venerabili Altaris Sacramento, For Soloists, Chorus & Orchestra, K. 243
Title: Piano Sonata No. 11 In A Major ("Alla Turca") K. 331 (K. 300i)
Title: Don Giovanni, Opera, K. 527
Title: Divertimento No. 17 for 2 horns & strings in D major, K. 334 (K.320b)
Title: Exsultate, Jubilate, Motet For Soprano & Orchestra, K. 165 (K. 158a)
Title: Symphony No. 41 In C Major ("Jupiter"), K. 551
x

Track List: Great Recordings Of The Century - Mozart: Cosi Fan Tutte / Karajan, Schwarzkopf, Merriman, Otto, Simoneau, Et Al

Disc 1
Title: Così Fan Tutte, Opera, K. 588
Disc 2
Disc 3
x

Track List: Great Recordings Of The Century - Mozart: Die Zauberflote

Disc 1
Title: Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute), Opera, K. 620
Disc 2
x

Track List: Great Recordings Of The Century - Mozart: Le Nozze Di Figaro / Karajan, London, Schwarzkopf, Seefried, et al

Disc 1
Title: Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492
Disc 2
x

Track List: Kiri Te Kanawa Sings Mozart & Strauss

Title: Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492
Title: La Clemenza Di Tito, Opera, K. 621
Title: Zaide, opera, K. 344 (K. 336b)
Title: La Finta Giardiniera, Opera, K 196
Title: La Clemenza Di Tito, Opera, K. 621
Title: Così Fan Tutte, Opera, K. 588
Title: Il Rè Pastore, Opera, K. 208
Title: Lucio Silla, Opera, K. 135
Title: Idomeneo, Rè Di Creta, Opera, K. 366
Title: Bella Mia Fiamma, Addio!...resta, O Cara!, Recitative And Aria For Soprano & Orchestra, K. 528
Title: Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute), Opera, K. 620
Title: Der Schauspieldirektor, Opera, K. 486
Title: Nehmt Meinen Dank, Ihr Holden Gönner, Aria For Soprano & Orchestra. K. 383
x

Track List: Kiri Te Kanawa: Mozart Arias

Title: Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492
Title: Der Schauspieldirektor, Opera, K. 486
Title: Ah, Lo Previdi...ah, T'invola Agl'occhi Miei, Recitative And Aria For Soprano & Orchestra, K. 272
Title: Vado, Ma Dove?, Aria For Soprano & Orchestra, K. 583
Title: O Temerario Arbace!...per Quel Paterno, Recitative And Aria For Soprano & Orchestra, K. 79 (K. 73d)
Title: Chi Sà, Chi Sà, Qual Sia, Aria For Soprano & Orchestra, K. 582
Title: Non Più Tutto Zascoltai...non Temer, Amato Bene, Recitative And Aria For Tenor & Orchestra, K. 490
Title: Bella Mia Fiamma, Addio!...resta, O Cara!, Recitative And Aria For Soprano & Orchestra, K. 528
Title: Nehmt Meinen Dank, Ihr Holden Gönner, Aria For Soprano & Orchestra. K. 383
x

Track List: Mozart - Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute)

Disc 1
Title: Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute), Opera, K. 620
Disc 2
x

Track List: Mozart - Don Giovanni / Skovhus · Girolami · Pieczonka · I. Raimondi · Halász

Disc 1
Title: Don Giovanni, Opera, K. 527
Disc 2
Disc 3
x

Track List: Mozart - Idomeneo, Re Di Creta (KV 366)

Disc 1
Title: Idomeneo, Rè Di Creta, Opera, K. 366
Disc 2
Disc 3
x

Track List: Mozart Meets Marriner: Serenades

Title: Serenade No. 13 For Strings In G Major ("Eine Kleine Nachtmusik"), K. 525
Title: Serenade No. 6 for orchestra in D major ("Serenata Notturna"), K. 239
Title: Serenade No. 9 for orchestra in D major ("Posthorn"), K. 320
x

Track List: Mozart: 6 Strings Quartets

Disc 1
Title: String Quartet No. 14 In G Major ("Spring"), K. 387
Title: String Quartet No. 15 In D Minor, K. 421 (K. 417b)
Disc 2
Title: String Quartet No. 17 In B Flat Major ("Hunt"), K. 458
Title: String Quartet No. 16 In E Flat, K. 428 (K. 421b)
Disc 3
Title: String Quartet No. 18 In A Major, K. 464
Title: String Quartet No. 19 In C Major ("Dissonant"), K. 465
x

Track List: Mozart: Ascanio In Alba / Chance, Feldman, Windsor, Rannion, Milner; Grimbert

Disc 1
Title: Ascanio In Alba, Opera, K. 111
Disc 2
x

Track List: Mozart: Cassations K. 63, K. 99 and K. 100

Title: Cassation For Orchestra In G Major, K. 63
Title: Cassation For Orchestra In B Flat Major, K. 99 (K. 63a)
Title: Serenade No. 1 for orchestra in D major, K. 100 (K. 62a)
x

Track List: Mozart: Complete String Quartets and Quintets (The VoxBox Edition)

Title: String Quartet No. 1 In G Major ("Lodi"), K. 80 (K. 73f)
Title: String Quartet No. 2 In D Major, K. 155 (K. 134a)
Title: String Quartet No. 3 In G Major, K. 156 (K. 134b)
Title: String Quartet No. 4 In C Major, K. 157
Title: String Quartet No. 5 In F Major, K. 158
Title: String Quartet No. 6 In B Flat Major, K. 159
Title: String Quartet No. 7 In E Flat Major, K. 160 (K. 159a)
Title: String Quartet No. 8 In F Major, K. 168
Title: String Quartet No. 9 In A Major, K. 169
Title: String Quartet No. 10 In C Major, K. 170
Title: String Quartet No. 11 In E Flat Major, K. 171
Title: String Quartet No. 12 In B Flat Major, K. 172
Title: String Quartet No. 13 In D Minor, K. 173
Title: String Quartet No. 14 In G Major ("Spring"), K. 387
Title: String Quartet No. 15 In D Minor, K. 421 (K. 417b)
Title: String Quartet No. 16 In E Flat, K. 428 (K. 421b)
Title: String Quartet No. 17 In B Flat Major ("Hunt"), K. 458
Title: String Quartet No. 18 In A Major, K. 464
Title: String Quartet No. 19 In C Major ("Dissonant"), K. 465
Title: String Quartet No. 20 In D Major ("Hoffmeister"), K. 499
Title: String Quartet No. 21 In D Major ("Prussian 1"), K. 575
Title: String Quartet No. 22 In B Flat Major ("Prussian 2"), K. 589
Title: String Quartet No. 23 In F Major ("Prussian 3"), K. 590
Title: Quintet For 2 Violins, 2 Violas & Cello No. 1 In B Flat Major ("String Quintet No. 1"), K. 174
Title: Quintet For 2 Violins, 2 Violas & Cello No. 2 In C Minor ("String Quintet No. 2"), K. 406 (K. 516b)
Title: Quintet For 2 Violins, 2 Violas & Cello No. 3 In C Major ("String Quintet No. 3"), K. 515
Title: Quintet For 2 Violins, 2 Violas & Cello No. 4 In G Minor ("String Quintet No. 4"), K. 516
Title: Quintet For 2 Violins, 2 Violas & Cello No. 5 In D Major ("String Quintet No. 5"), K. 593
Title: Quintet For 2 Violins, 2 Violas & Cello No. 6 In E Flat Major ("String Quintet No. 6"), K. 614
x

Track List: Mozart: Complete Works, Vol. 1 - Symphonies, Disc 1

x

Track List: Mozart: Complete Works, Vol. 2 - Concertos, Disc 15

Title: Horn Concerto No. 2 In E Flat Major, K. 417
Title: Horn Concerto No. 3 In E Flat Major, K. 447
Title: Movement For Horn & Orchestra In E Major (fragment), (K. 494a)
Title: Horn Concerto No. 1 In D Major, K. 412/514 (K. 386b)
Title: Movement For Horn & Orchestra In E Flat Major (fragment), (K. 370b)
Title: Horn Concerto No. 4 In E Flat Major, K. 495
Title: Rondo In D Major (original Finale To K. 412) For Horn & Orchestra, K. 514
x

Track List: Mozart: Complete Works, Vol. 3 - Serenades, Divertimenti, Dances, Disc 1

Title: Divertimento for string quartet (or string orchestra) in D major ("Salzburg Symphony No. 1"), K. 136 (K. 125a)
Title: Divertimento for string quartet (or string orchestra) in B flat major ("Salzburg Symphony No. 2"), K. 137 (K. 125b)
Title: Divertimento for string quartet (or string orchestra) in F major ("Salzburg Symphony No. 3"), K. 138 (K. 125c)
Title: Divertimento No. 17 for 2 horns & strings in D major, K. 334 (K.320b)
x

Track List: Mozart: Complete Works, Vol. 3 - Serenades, Divertimenti, Dances, Disc 10

Title: March For Orchestra In D Major, K. 62
Title: March For Orchestra In D Major, K. 189 (K. 167b)
Title: March For Orchestra In C Major, K. 214
Title: March For Orchestra In D Major, K. 215 (K. 213b)
Title: March For Orchestra In D Major, K. 237 (K. 189c)
Title: March For Orchestra In F Major, K. 248
Title: March In D Major ("Haffner"), K. 249
Title: Marches (2) For Orchestra, K. 335 (K. 320a)
Title: March For Orchestra In C Major, K. 408/1 (K. 383e)
Title: March For Orchestra In D Major, K. 408/2 (K. 385a)
Title: March For Orchestra In C Major, K. 408/3 (K. 383F)
Title: March For Orchestra In D Major, K. 445 (K. 320c)
Title: Minuet For Orchestra In C Major, K. 409 (K. 383f)
Title: Adagio And Fugue Fo