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Lester Flatt, Earl Scruggs & The Foggy Mountain Boys

Probably the most famous bluegrass band of all time was Flatt & Scruggs and the Foggy Mountain Boys. They made the genre famous in ways that not even Bill Monroe, who pretty much invented the sound, ever could. Because of a guitar player and vocalist from Tennessee named Lester Flatt and an extraordinary banjo player from North Carolina named Earl Scruggs, bluegrass music has become popular the world over and has entered the mainstream in the world of music.

Like so many other bluegrass legends, Flatt & Scruggs were graduates of Bill Monroe's Blue Grass Boys. Because of the unique sound they added ("overdrive," one critic called it), Monroe felt let down after Flatt's quality vocals and Scruggs's banjo leads left in 1948. Quickly the two assembled a band that in the opinion of many was among the best ever, with Chubby Wise on fiddle and Jody Rainwater on bass; a later band, with Paul Warren on fiddle and Josh Graves on dobro, was equally superb. With so many extraordinary musicians and the solid, controlled vocals of Flatt, it's no wonder the Foggy Mountain Boys were the band that brought bluegrass to international prominence. From 1948 until 1969, when Flatt & Scruggs split up to pursue different musical directions, they were the bluegrass band, due to their Martha White Flour segment at the Opry and, especially, their tremendous exposure from TV and movies.

Flatt and Scruggs were originally brought together by Monroe in 1945, when they joined a band that also featured fiddler Chubby Wise and bassist Cedric Rainwater. This quintet created the sound of bluegrass and helped bring it to national recognition through radio shows, records, and concerts. After three years with Monroe, Flatt left the mandolinist behind in 1948, and Scruggs followed his lead shortly afterward. The duo formed their own band, the Foggy Mountain Boys. Within a few months, they recruited ex-Blue Grass Boy Rainwater, fiddler Jim Shumate and guitarist/vocalist Mac Wiseman. Initially, the band played on radio stations across the South, landing a record contract with Mercury Records in late 1948. Over the next two years, they toured the U.S. constantly, played many radio shows, and recorded several sessions for Mercury. One of the sessions produced the original version of "Foggy Mountain Breakdown," which would become a bluegrass standard.

In 1951, Flatt & Scruggs switched record labels, signing with Columbia Records. By this point, the band now featured mandolinst/vocalist Curly Seckler, fiddler Paul Warren, and bassist Jake Tullock. Where the careers of other bluegrass and hard country acts stalled in the early and mid-'50s, the Foggy Mountain Boys flourished. One of their first singles for Columbia, "'Tis Sweet to Be Remembered," reached the Top Ten in 1952, and in 1953, the Martha White Flour company sponsored a regular radio show for the group on WSM in Nashville. In 1955, the band joined the Grand Ole Opry. The following year, they added a dobro player called Buck Graves to the lineup.

Flatt & Scruggs reached a new audience in the late '50s, when the folk music revival sparked the interest of a younger generation of listeners. The duo played a number of festivals targeted at the new breed of bluegrass and folk fans. At the same time, country music television programs went into syndication, and the duo became regulars on these shows. In the summer of 1959, Flatt & Scruggs began a streak of Top 40 country singles that ran into 1968 -- their chart performance was directly tied to their increased exposure. The duo's popularity peaked in 1962, when they recorded the theme song to the television sitcom The Beverly Hillbilles. The theme, called "The Ballad of Jed Clampett," became the first number one bluegrass single in early 1963, and the duo made a number of cameos on the show.

The Beverly Hillbilles began a streak of cameo appearances and soundtrack work for Flatt & Scruggs in television and film, most notably with the appearance of "Foggy Mountain Breakdown" in Arthur Penn's 1968 film Bonnie and Clyde. With all of their TV, film, and festival appearances, Flatt & Scruggs popularlized bluegrass music more than any artist, even Monroe. Ironically, that popularity helped drive the duo apart. Scruggs wanted to expand their sound and pushed Flatt to cover Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone" in 1968 as well as land concert appearances in venues that normally booked rock & roll acts. Flatt wanted to continue in a traditional bluegrass vein. Inevitably, the opposing forces came to a head in 1969, and the duo parted ways. Appropriately, Flatt formed a traditional bluegrass band, the Nashville Grass, while Scruggs assembled a more progressive outfit, the Earl Scruggs Revue.

Throughout the '70s, both Flatt and Scruggs enjoyed successful solo careers. In 1979, the duo began ironing out the details of a proposed reunion album, but they were scrapped upon Flatt's death on May 11, 1979.

Scruggs made many albums after his parting with Flatt, highlighted by 1982's The Storyteller and the Banjo Man (with Tom T. Hall) and 2001's Earl Scruggs and Friends (which featured an all-star cast including Johnny Cash, Elton John, Sting, Vince Gill, Albert Lee, Leon Russell, and Steve Martin). Scruggs was often seen on TV as well, often for reunion appearances. He died in Nashville in 2012. In 1985, Flatt & Scruggs were inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame. ~ David Vinopal, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography


Track List: 20th Century Masters: The Millennium Collection: Best Of Flatt & Scruggs

1. Foggy Mountain Breakdown (Single Version)

2. My Cabin In Caroline (Single Version)

3. Roll In My Sweet Baby's Arms (Single Version)

4. Baby Blue Eyes (Single Version)

5. Old Salty Dog Blues (Single Version)

6. I'll Just Pretend (Single Version)

7. Pike County Breakdown (Single Version)

8. Doin' My Time (Single Version)

9. God Loves His Children (Single Version)

10. Farewell Blues (Single Version)

11. Take Me In A Lifeboat (Single Version)

12. We'll Meet Again Sweetheart (Single Version)


Track List: The Complete Mercury Sessions: Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs & The Foggy Mountain Boys

1. Pike County Breakdown

2. Doin' My Time

3. My Little Girl In Tennessee

4. Down The Road

5. Old Salty Dog Blues

6. Roll In My Sweet Baby's Arms

7. My Cabin In Caroline

8. Foggy Mountain Breakdown

9. I'll Just Pretend

10. Pain In My Heart

11. Is It Too Late Now?

12. Why Don't You Tell Me So?

13. Cora Is Gone

14. I'll Never Love Another

15. Baby Blue Eyes

16. I'll Never Shed Another Tear

17. We'll Meet Again Sweetheart

18. Farewell Blues

19. Will The Roses Bloom (Where She Lies Sleeping)

20. Back To The Cross

21. Take Me In A Lifeboat

22. I'm Going To Make Heaven My Home

23. Bouquet In Heaven

24. No Mother Or Dad

25. I'll Be Going To Heaven Sometime

26. So Happy I'll Be

27. God Loves His Children

28. Preachin' Prayin' Singin'


Track List: Songs Of The Famous Carter Family

1. Keep On The Sunny Side

2. Foggy Mountain Top

3. False Hearted Lover

4. Jimmy Brown The Newsboy

5. You Are My Flower

6. On The Rock Where Moses Stood

7. Forsaken Love

8. The Homestead On The Farm

9. Pickin' In The Wildwood

10. Worried Man Blues

11. The Storms Are On The Ocean

12. Gathering Flowers From The Hillside


Track List: Foggy Mountain Jamboree

1. Flint Hill Special

2. Some Old Day

3. Earl's Breakdown

5. Foggy Mountain Special

7. Shuckin' The Corn

8. Blue Ridge Cabin Home

9. Randy Lynn Rag

10. Your Love Is Like A Flower

12. On My Mind


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We got us a Hootenanny!
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The song title doesn't advance with the albums
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Love Bluegrass, and with Pandora I can enjoy this great music!!!
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Pandora will not let me hear Foggy Mountain Breakdown, they just keep on giving me something I don't want to hear!!!!
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You gotta love the lord and then you will love Bluegrass. Earl Scruggs plays great mussic.
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A whole other country
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love it.
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blue grass at it's best
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Nchcgccvcyvy f y f f y t d f t c t v y y y v y v
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Nnngcgch hg f go vcggcgcfryyd t f y d y f y d g g c g c g g c g g f c g c h d y g f y h d u h f h f h h f u d h f y f r y f g d h y f y y f y r y f h y f y f y y f h f h h f y y f y f y y f g g v h y f y y f y y y f y f y f y y f y y y f y y e y y f y f g g y c y c y y c h b b v b f b g n b ghdhcyf Nebuchadnezz a r hdhyh yhfgfctcgcyh c h c h c h h y y y y c y y c h h g v g y f y y f y y f y y y f y h h h f f h f h f y y b f x g c g y c g g g g g c y f y f y y y f y y f g y y u y y f h f h f h f y b h f j u h h h h u y c g c h v j h v y v h y r y f y h f f fnchfjnjfhuh h f y u h f f y y f y f y y y y f y r h f h c c bc vcgcgcdgfydg y d f g y y r y y y f y r y r y f y f g f g f y f y g f t d t f f y g f d g f g d y f t f g f y y y y y g f g f y f y f y f y g g d g f f y f g d g f f f g g f f f y f g y f y f f y f y f y f y f y f y f y g f y t g y d g f g t r y f y g t g t f y
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Bcn h cychdbdhhfyf y y y f y
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H. Cbbcbcbcb b be v vbggcggcychd y g r g c g g c g Ggggvvdd ggg gigs ggg gg gg g ggg g ggg h hhfyuduycygc y y y y y y v y v v y y y g f y y e y y y g c y c y
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Banjo Player out of sight, Happy fingers there.
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Let's hear foggy MFN brkdwn
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i'd like to hear foggy mountain breakdon
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i wanna hear foggy mtn break down!!!
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Gospel video
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old Earl before the Arthritis slowed him down
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i forgot how much i liked bluegrass till i downloaded pandora to my phone. truly awesome.
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Earl the pearl, you are truly missed brother!!
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My first memory of the banjo was from the Beverly Hillbillies. When they had Flatt & Scruggs on I filed the name away. Later as I grew up this music filled a void and made many long lonley work days pass as painlessly as possible. They are truely great Americans.
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Truly the best ever
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One of the greats with an unique banjo playing style
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a great great banjo picker may he rest in peace
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A true blue grass man, the greastest there ever was!!!
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Truly, what legends are made from! I'll miss him and his banjo. We'll always remember you right here on Foggy Mountain!
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saw him when I was 8...just bought a banjo and will learn the Scruggs roll in his honor tonight!
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So sorry to see your passing, so thankful for your time among us! Earl, you were a true gift to all creatures with ears and feet!
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lemanhw....w a y back futher than goes back to the hills of Ireland.
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all of this good OLD music came from way back in the 20s&early30s .
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I saw ol Earl play in OR on a nice summer day. I think he was 81 then but man can that guy pick a banjo. Truly amazing to watch.
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this is my roots i was born in Va. and KY. i am 67 Disabled desert storm vet. some of these bluegrass gospel still tug at my heart strings. such as Ill fly away, you are my flower. all the songs on Will the circle be unbroken with Mother mabel old school if you cant tell already TAZ
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gosple music is where its at
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I could listen to them all day, every day. What a great sound.
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Something about the sound of a banjo has always appealed to me. Cannot get enough
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Why can't I "go back" to a song I just heard and add it to my "I like this song" selection?

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Lester Flatt's voice makes me reach over and turn up the radio every time - very distinct, soothing
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the actual creators of the recognized bluegrass sound...true pioneers of the s and song stylings from 1949 and 1950 still ring true today

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