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Mad Professor

A disciple of Lee "Scratch" Perry, Mad Professor was one of the leading producers in dub reggae's second generation. His Dub Me Crazy albums helped dub make the transition into the digital age, when electronic productions started to take over mainstream reggae in the '80s. His space-age tracks not only made use of new digital technology, but often expanded dub's sonic blueprint, adding more elements and layers of sound than his forebears typically did. In the mid-'90s, he returned to the basics, debuting a more retro-sounding style on the Black Liberation Dub series. Additionally, he ran his own studio and label, Ariwa, which was home to a stable of vocalists (with an emphasis on lovers rock and conscious roots reggae) and some of the finest British reggae productions of the era. As his reputation grew, he became a remixer of choice for adventurous rock and techno acts, most notably revamping Massive Attack's entire second album under the new title No Protection.

Mad Professor was born Neal Fraser (or Neil Fraser) circa 1955 in Guyana, a small country in the northern part of South America. He earned his nickname as a preteen, thanks to his intense interest in electronics; he even built his own radio. At age 13, his family moved to London, and around age 20, he started collecting recording equipment: reel-to-reel tape decks, echo and reverb effects, and the like. In 1979, he built his own mixing board and opened a four-track studio in his living room in the south London area of Thornton Heath. Calling it Ariwa, after a Nigerian word for sound or communication, he began recording bands and vocalists for his own label of the same name, mostly in the lovers rock vein: Deborahe Glasgow, Aquizim, Sergeant Pepper, Tony Benjamin, Davina Stone, and Ranking Ann, among others. Amid complaints from his neighbors, he moved the studio to a proper facility in Peckham, South London. In 1982 he recorded his first album, Dub Me Crazy, Pt. 1, and quickly followed it with a second volume, the successful Beyond the Realms of Dub. 1983 brought two more volumes, The African Connection (often acclaimed as one of his best) and the fairly popular Escape to the Asylum of Dub.

The Ariwa studio was moved to a better neighborhood in West Norwood during the mid-'80s, and upgraded for 24-track capability, making it the largest black-owned studio in the U.K. From there, Mad Professor really started to make an impact on the British reggae scene. He produced major hit singles for Ariwa mainstay Pato Banton and Sandra Cross, and also helmed the breakthrough album for conscious reggae toaster Macka B, 1986's Sign of the Times. At the same time, the ragga era was dawning, and all-digital productions began to take over reggae. As the ragga sound grew more and more dominant, Mad Professor's brand of dub got spacier and weirder; while ragga detractors complained that Mad Professor's work sounded sterile compared to the dub of old, many praised his otherworldly effects and inventive arrangements. The Dub Me Crazy albums reached the height of their experimentalism during the latter part of the '80s, although by the early '90s they were showing signs of creative burnout. The 12th and final volume in the series, Dub Maniacs on the Rampage, was released in 1993.

Meanwhile, Ariwa continued to prosper as a label, with further hits by the likes of Macka B, Pato Banton, Sandra Cross, female singer Kofi, Intense, Jah Shaka, John McLean, the Robotics, Sister Audrey, Peter Culture, Johnny Clark, and others. Additionally, he began to collaborate with some of reggae's better-known figures; most crucially, he teamed up with main influence Lee "Scratch" Perry for the first time on the 1989 set Mystic Warrior. In 1991, he produced the first of several albums for the groundbreaking veteran DJ U-Roy, the acclaimed True Born African; he also went on to work with the likes of Yabby You and Bob Andy. He switched his focus to touring in 1992 and released the 100th album on Ariwa not long after.

With his high-profile collaborators, Mad Professor started to make a name for himself outside of the reggae community, and soon found himself in demand as a remixer for rock, R&B, and electronica acts. Over the course of the '90s and into the new millennium, he would remix tracks by Sade, the Orb, the KLF, the Beastie Boys, Jamiroquai, Rancid, Depeche Mode, and Perry Farrell, among others. His best-known project, however -- and the one that truly established his credentials -- was 1995's No Protection, a completely reimagined version of trip-hop collective Massive Attack's second album, Protection. Perhaps creatively refreshed, Mad Professor's own albums started to regain their consistency in the mid-'90s. Mixing electronics with rootsier, more organic sounds indebted to the earliest days of dub, he left behind the Dub Me Crazy moniker to launch a new series, the subtly Afrocentric Black Liberation Dub. The first volume was released in 1994, and others followed steadily into the new millennium, albeit at a less prolific pace than the Dub Me Crazy installments. More collaborations with Perry and U-Roy followed as well. In 2005, Mad Professor celebrated Ariwa's 25th anniversary with a tour of the U.K. alongside Perry and the double-CD retrospective Method to the Madness. In 2009 he released two albums, Times Hard under the moniker Mad Professor vs. Joint Chiefs and the back to basics Audio Illusion of Dub. ~ Steve Huey
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Dubbing with Anansi

1. Atlantic Crossing

2. Rebels Gathering

3. The Sound Tester (Sound Crash)

4. Maroon Attack

5. Culture Vulture

6. Middle Passage

7. Tribal Dance

8. Rasta Interpreter

9. Lil Lopez

10. Lamins Lament

11. Anansi Spell

12. Brikama Market

13. Northeast Tradewinds

x

Track List: The Samba Dub Experience

1. Rio Favella

2. Shango Man

3. Sweet Morena

4. Africa Samba

5. Lapa Carnival Dub

6. Samba Steppers

7. Gimbre Cachasa

8. Favella Funk Dub

9. Salvador Rock

10. Ipanema Amour

11. Zumbi Dance

12. Joao E Maria

13. Woman On The Side

14. Lapa's Moving

15. Chica Calora

x

Track List: The Next Revolution Will Be Dub Wise

1. Middle Eastern Affair

2. Rude Boy Dub

3. Sea Salt Dub

4. Superman Dub

5. Down In Favela

6. Forró 6

7. Encalhada Dub

8. Judgment Dub

9. Xoteira

10. Liberation Nation

11. Feminine Rock

12. Gossiping Tongues

13. Packman Dub

x

Track List: The Very Best Of Mad Professor

1. Satta Dub

2. Jail House Dub

3. The Lion Of Judah

4. Harder Than Babylon

5. Slave Catcher

6. Drum & Base In The Asylum

7. Creation Dub

8. Inverted Minds

9. Kunta Kinte

10. People Of Yoruba

11. Almighty Dub

12. My Opinion

13. Why You Treat Me So Bad?

14. Tribal Ground

15. Warrior Dub

16. Firm Roots

17. Spa Dub

18. Fast Forward Into Dub

19. Ecological Dub

20. Atmospheric Dub

21. Concrete Bunker

22. Return Of Mandinka

23. Rorima

24. Open Dub Door

25. Battle Of Juffre

26. Wig Wam

27. Claps Like Thunder

28. Super Ape In A Good Shape

29. Peaceful Warrior

30. Costa Chica

31. Open Door

x

Track List: Dub Science: The Best Of Mad Professor

1. Binga Bongo

2. Dub The Planet (Mix 1)

3. In Love With Dub

4. Petty Bourgeois Dub

5. Righteous Dub

6. Invasion Dub

7. Jail House Dub

8. Third Eye 2

9. Jahed (Feat. Joe Ariwa)

10. Majestic Dub (Feat. U-Roy)

11. Six Million Dub (Feat. Mafia & Fluxy)

12. Bengali Skank (Feat. The Robotiks)

13. Legacy Of Mussolini (Feat. The Robotiks)

14. Riot In Capetown

15. African Warrior Dub (Feat. Faya Horns)

16. Ark Of Dub (Feat. Faya Horns)

17. The Coolest Dub

18. Philly Dub

19. Blunt Dub

20. Theme From Mandinka

21. Dub The Planet (Mix 2)

x

Track List: The Roots Of Dubstep

1. Jail House Dub

2. Slave Catcher

3. Inverted Minds

4. Why You Treat Me So Bad?

5. Spa Dub

6. Firm Roots

7. Tribal Ground

8. Return Of Mandinka

9. Open Dub Door

10. Concrete Bunker

11. Costa Chica

12. Battle Of Juffre

x

Track List: Bitter Sweet Dub!

1. Keys Dub

2. Falling In Dub

3. Dub Comes Down

4. Losing Dub

5. The Feeling Is Dub

6. A Part Of Dub

7. I Dub You

8. Dub Calculation

9. In Love With Dub

10. Dub Special

11. Philly Dub

12. Dub’s Best Friend

13. Gloomy Dub

14. I Want To Dub You

15. Dub Company

16. Lying Dub

x

Track List: The Dub's That Time Forgot

1. Banjul Belly

2. Hungry Fraser Dub

3. Zig Zag

4. Wollaf Dance

5. Invasion Dub

6. No Strange Men

7. Rasta Movement

8. Dub Heavy Weight

9. Nya Dub

10. Rockin Vibration

11. Malvina Song..

12. Dread Dub

13. Rat Race Dub

14. Moses Dub

15. Slow & Deadly Dub

16. Solar Dub

17. 10 To Dub

x

Track List: Dub You Crazy 2007

1. Intro

2. Robotiks Dub Song

3. Binga Bongo

4. Black Light Dub

5. Righteous Dub

6. Dub The Planet - Mix 1

7. Dub The Planet - Mix 2

8. Black Ice Dub

9. Blunt Dub

10. Branding Dub - Mad Professor Mix

11. Branding Dub - Joe Ariwa Mix

12. Brother X

13. Theme From Mandinka

14. Tjerreng Dub

x

Track List: Anti-Racist Dub Broadcast: Black Liberation Dub, Chapter 2

1. The Anti-Racist Dub Broadcast

2. Dangerous Escapades Of Dub

3. King Jimmy's Dub

4. Basking In Colonialism

5. Petty Bourgeois Dub

6. Pandora's Box

7. Battle Of Ciskei

8. Buthelezi Trump Card

9. The Lion's Domain

10. Rough Rough Dub

11. Legacy Of Mussolini

12. Ethnic Cleansing Dub

x

Track List: Trix In The Mix: Part One

1. Laws Of Nature

2. Laws Of The Jungle

3. Operation Trident

4. Aahhaaah

5. 2 Step Dub

6. Little Andy

7. Declaration Of War

8. Declaration Of War Mix 2

9. Pawns Of The Game

10. Catanania Dub

11. Sapadilla

12. Nature Reigns

13. Marabunta Sting

14. Garvey's Plan

15. Proton Electron

x

Track List: Early Dubs

1. Systematic Dub

2. Hiding Place Dub

3. Jazzy Throb

4. Why Dub

5. Mood Swing Dub

6. Stylers Dub

7. Kunte Dub

8. Cry Over Dub

9. Casual Dub

10. My Dub

11. Red Light

12. Good Man Dub

13. Masquerade Dub

14. One Away Dub

15. Power Dub

16. Falling Dub

17. Indian Dub

x

Track List: Hijacked To Jamaica

1. Hi-Jacked To Jamaica

2. In-Flight Dub

3. Creative Soul

4. D.J. Call

5. Rio Cobre Dub

6. Jungle Fresh

7. Jungle Fresh Dub

8. Close Shave

9. Falling On Dunn's River

10. Halfway Tree Dub

11. Hope Road

12. Girl From Tel Aviv

x

Track List: Black Liberation Dub

1. Psychological Warfare

2. Black Liberation Dub

3. Riot In Capetown

4. Slavery 21st Century

5. Freedom Must Be Taken

6. Chip On The Slave Master Shoulder

7. When Revolution Comes

8. Black Skin White Minds

9. Tribal Dub

10. Dub In D Minor

11. Medicine Doctor

12. Colonial Mentality

x

Track List: Dub Maniacs On The Rampage

1. Dub So Hard

2. Rampage In L.A.

3. Feelings Of Dub

4. Wake Up Dub

5. Maniacal Dub

6. Rue Paganini Dub

7. Acid Meets Dub In Crystal Palace

8. Big Ben Gone Wrong

9. Dub Service

10. Soledad Brothers

11. Miles From Wurzburg

12. Rusty Computor

13. Freaky Girl

x

Track List: True Born African Dub

1. True Born Dub

2. Six Million Dub Version

3. Treasure Isle Style

4. Dub Pon Me Corner

5. Sistren Version

6. Dubwish

7. Black Is Dub

8. Bengali Dub

9. Monkey Dub

10. Feather Of A Dub

11. Dubwise Soca

12. Dub City

x

Track List: The Inspirational Sounds Of Mad Professor

1. Kunta Kinte

2. Creation Dub

3. Moses Law

4. Atmospheric Dub

5. Claps Like Thunder

6. Plantain And Cassava

7. Fast Forward Into Dub

8. River Niger

9. Asylum Of Dub

10. Children Rise

11. We've Had Enough

12. Raging Storm

13. Africa Is Zion

14. True Born African

15. 6 Million Dub

16. Psychological Warfare

17. Kathmandu

x

Track List: Afrocentric Dub - Black Liberation Dub Chapter 5

2. Asylum Revisited

3. Afrocentric Dub

4. Pressure Zone Dub

5. Confa Dance

6. Out Of Orbit

7. Digital Delight

8. Hard Working Dub

9. Ebonics

10. Afrocentric Dub Version 2

11. Chillout Zone

12. Version 3

13. Studio 54 Dub

14. Motor Town Dub

x

Track List: Dubtronic

1. Action Radio

2. Checkmate!

3. Greathop Dub

4. Boombox Dub

5. Boombox Version II

6. Slice Of The Pie

7. Dob-O-Tronic

8. Drum & Base In The Asylum

9. Acid Queen

10. Cool Dude

11. Disco Dude

12. Bedroom Sensation

x

Track List: Dub You Crazy With Love (Part 2)

1. Miracles Dub

2. Dub Serenade

3. Reflections Dub

4. Spaceflight 2001

5. Heartaches Dub

6. Romantic Rockers

7. Neighbourhood Watch

8. Heartbreaker Dub

9. Oh Dub!!

10. The Dub Is Mine

11. Togetherness Dub

12. The One To Dub You

13. Angelic Dub

14. Harmony Dub

15. Hopeful Dub

16. Bedroom Dub

17. Dub Ballad

18. Gone Fe Dub

x

Track List: Under The Spell Of Dub

1. Mental Bondage

2. Internet Spy

3. Santero Dub

4. Mad Elaine

5. Brewing Storm

6. False Curl Girl

7. Cracking The Code

8. Melt Down Dub

9. Black Panther Dub

10. Theme From Darumba

11. Master Race

12. Master Plan

13. Robotronic

x

Track List: Evolution Of Dub (Chapter 3)

1. Harder Than Babylon

2. No Man's Land

3. Kunte 96

4. Solar System

5. Kathmandu Dub

6. Cultural Explosion

7. Gringo Dread

8. Cosmic Ray

9. Village Gossip

10. Atonement Dub

11. Kiwi Culture

x

Track List: The Lost Scrolls Of Moses

1. African Hebrew Chant

2. African Hebrew Dub

3. Land Of Canaan

4. Moses In The Bullrushes

5. Jordan Crossing

6. Fire On Mount Sinai

7. Dub On Mount Sinai

8. Amorites Dub

9. Dead Sea Scrolls

10. Subversive Literature

11. Bogle Soca

12. Los Lomas

x

Track List: Psychedelic Dub

1. Cool Runnings Mandela

2. Go Deh Nelson, Go Deh

3. In King David's Style

4. Don't Drink The Piss

5. 1990 ARIWA Style

6. Psychedelic Dub

7. Bammie' Riff

8. Raging Storm

9. Open Troppen

10. Man From Senegal

11. Sunstroke

12. Miss Mood

x

Track List: Experiments Of The Aural Kind

1. Don't Dope The Elements

2. The Idium Pellet

3. Pamphonic Dub

4. Phaseshift

5. After Dark

6. Night In Cairo

7. The Resonator

8. The Ionization Of Dub

9. Where Is The Elysses Mont Mare?

10. St. Quentin

11. Coconut Jelly

12. Dub Pressure

x

Track List: The Adventures Of A Dub Sampler: Dub Me Crazy Part 7

1. Jolly Roger

2. Ariwa The Dub Sampler

3. Cleopatra's Needle

4. Aztec Warrior

5. Burning Rome

6. Checkpoint Charlie

7. Gibraltar Rock

8. Ska Land

9. Dub Of Postdam

10. London Plantation

x

Track List: Dub Me Crazy Vol. 6: Schizophrenic Dub

1. Medusa's Head

2. War Cry

3. Cosmic Ray

4. Haunts Of Evil Spirits

5. Russian Roulette

6. Preacher's Chant

7. Schizophrenic Dub

8. The Case Of The Disappearing Sari

9. Drunken Scotsman

10. High-Tec Dub

11. Heavyweight Dub

12. Medusa's Tail

x

Track List: Who Knows The Secret Of The Master Tape?

1. Freedom Broadcast

2. Fast Forward Into Dub

3. Pirates Of The Airwaves

4. Lord Ska-Man

5. Banana Republic

6. Lighting Strike

7. Hong Kong Flew

8. Devil's Playground

9. Stepping Razor

10. Ras Mas

11. Under Surveillance

12. Snake Charmer

x

Track List: A Caribbean Taste Of Technology

1. Fresh And Clean

2. Hurricane Gloria

3. Dream Power

4. Buccaneer's Cove

5. The Heart Of The Jungle

6. Civil Unrest

7. Capadulla

8. 1011 Digital

9. Berbice Madhouse

10. Uncle Sam's Backyard

x

Track List: Escape To The Asylum Of Dub

1. Rasta Chase

2. White House Race

3. German Magic

4. Moses Law

5. D.J. Choice

6. Kingston Flight 303

7. Asylum Of Dub

8. Foot Control Mix

9. Wassifa

10. Nyashanti

11. Voice From The Wilderness

12. Java Gone Crazy!

x

Track List: The African Connection

1. The African Connection

2. Channa Four

3. Natural Vegetation

4. Jordan River

5. Bengali Skank

6. War Cry

7. Rebel

8. Rebel Rock

9. Ariwa/Bush Communication

10. The Drum Shot

11. Depth Charge

12. Lion Dance

x

Track List: Dub Me Crazy!!

1. Your Rights/My Rights

2. Freedom Chant

3. Ankoko

4. Dub Power

5. Zion

6. Tumble Down

7. Bucket Brigade

8. Psychologically Yours

9. South African Crossfire

10. Sweet Sweet Victory

11. Untitled

12. Untitled

x

Track List: Beyond The Realms Of Dub

1. Kunte Kinte -The African Warrior

2. Roots Land

3. River Niger

4. Africa 1983 Dub

5. The English Connection

6. Beyond The Realms Of Dub

7. Chinee Gal / Judgement Day / Realms / Elastic Plastic

8. Ghetto Pace

9. Get Drunk And Celebrate

Comments

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Rastafari Livity is life!
Report as inappropriate
Love it. Reminds me of old school days. Thanks
Report as inappropriate
lol
Report as inappropriate
bad a** research Dub
Report as inappropriate
i like how the old style of reggae is mixed with new styles of mucic..... pretty sick.....
Report as inappropriate
absolutely amazing. So chilled out I was forced to turn the heat on.
Report as inappropriate
Da king of Dub. The professor is here, class is in session.
Report as inappropriate
Cool Afro-Dub Vibe !

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