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Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra is, along with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, one of the two most renowned and respected orchestras in the world, and represents the pinnacle of virtuoso ensemble playing. Their sound is characterized by a startling richness of tone, beautiful and polished in every section of the orchestra, but especially the strings.

The orchestra's roots go back to the 1840s. Up until that time, most of the performing ensembles in Vienna were comprised of amateur musicians -- only the theater orchestras had the benefit of professionals. The Viennese theater and opera goers were in an enviable position, but concert life in Vienna was far less than satisfying, for the works of the late Classical and early Romantic era were far beyond the demands of any but the very best amateur players.

That changed in 1833, when the conductor Franz Lachner hit upon the idea of forming an orchestra from the ranks of the musicians in the best of all Vienna's opera companies, the Court Opera. The resulting four concerts, which the performers -- because of the financial security that their positions in the Court Opera afforded them -- produced themselves, were a great popular success, presenting some of the finest orchestral playing that the city had seen in many years.

Lachner's informally produced concerts gave way nine years later to a fully organized body of musicians. Under the auspices of Otto Nicolai, the conductor of the Court Opera and composer of The Merry Wives of Windsor, among many other works, the first Vienna Philharmonic concert was given on the afternoon of March 28, 1842. The orchestra performed ten additional concerts over a period of five years that were stunningly successful, both critically and financially. The city of Vienna was subject to political upheavals beginning in 1848, however, which disrupted much concert life for the next dozen years. In 1860, however, the Philharmonic became a fully functioning performing institution, with a regular schedule of concerts. That year, the Vienna Philharmonic gave the first of its subscription concerts under Carl Eckert, the director of Vienna's Court Opera. Thus began a thriving existence for the Philharmonic which has continued to the end of the 20th century.

Eckert was succeeded the next year by Otto Dessoff, who led the Philharmonic for 15 seasons, until 1875, and is credited with imparting to the orchestra much of its long-term stability in its organization. This era saw boom times for the city, as the Emperor Franz Josef sought to give his capital an artistic splendor second -to-none. The Philharmonic rose to the occasion -- Dessoff added the music of Wagner, Brahms, and Dvorak to the repertory, and Brahms himself appeared as the soloist for his Piano Concerto in D Minor, and conducted the debut of his Variations on the St. Anthony Chorale with the Philharmonic. Brahms' arch rival Richard Wagner also conducted his own music with the Philharmonic during Dessoff's tenure as permanent conductor.

Dessoff was succeeded by Hans Richter, a legendary figure at the podium, and one of the great conductors of the second half of the 19th century, famed -- among other things -- for conducting the first performance at Bayreuth of Richard Wagner's Der Ring Des Nibelung. Over a period of 23 years, from 1875 until 1898, he established the orchestra's reputation for musical excellence. Both the Brahms Symphony No. 2 and Symphony No. 3 received their debut performances with the Philharmonic, as did Bruckner's Symphony No. 3 (with the composer conducting) and his Symphony No. 8.

Richter was succeeded by Gustav Mahler, at that time the most renowned conductor of his age. Mahler led the Vienna Philharmonic from 1898 through 1901, three very stormy years in which he imposed demanding new standards of performance on the players, and also took the orchestra on tour for the first time, for appearances in Paris. His tenure, however, was too brief to allow him any lasting impact, and none of his immediate successors -- all official "guest" conductors -- were any more effective. Finally, in 1908, Felix Weingartner, a far more reserved figure than the iconoclastic Mahler, assumed the directorship and began an extended, highly harmonious era for the Philharmonic, which included their first tour of South America. Weingartner's tenure was also highlighted by dozens of guest appearances by Richard Strauss, who continued to conduct the Vienna Philharmonic until the end of World War II -- the Philharmonic's conservative nature was also challenged by the performances of such works as Arnold Schoenberg's Gurrelieder, which received its premiere performance in Vienna under the composer in 1920.

Weingartner was succeeded by Wilhelm Furtwangler, the most influential of early and mid-20th century conductors. Ironically enough, Furtwangler's official tenure as permanent conductor lasted only three years, from 1926 until 1929, but those dates don't reflect his full influence over the orchestra's fate and history, for Furtwangler became the orchestra's chief protector during the Nazi era, and remained the orchestra's leader, in fact if not in title, until his death in 1954, a period in which he conducted the Vienna Philharmonic on more than 500 occasions. Furtwangler's immediate successor, the Viennese-born Clemens Krauss, held the position of chief conductor for three years, from 1930 until 1933 after which the Vienna Philharmonic -- which is an entirely self-governing orchestra -- elected to use a series of guest conductors rather than one permanent conductor each season.

The rise of the Nazis in Germany during 1933 put the Vienna Philharmonic, and most other Austrian cultural institutions, in a very precarious position. Up until that time, Austria and Germany, sharing a common language, had generally exchanged artists with relative ease, but the Hitler government's demands for the unification of the two nations under the German flag made these decisions riskier than they had been in earlier years.

Musical life in Vienna, however, did benefit from one tragic aspect of Hitler's rule in Germany -- the elimination of Jewish and Jewish-born Germans from the cultural life of the Third Reich. Vienna became host to a steady stream of talented exiles from Germany, chief among them Bruno Walter, the most important conductor in Germany after Furtwangler, who shared the Philharmonic's concerts with Furtwangler from 1933 until 1938. The orchestra's other notable guest conductors during this period included Arturo Toscanini, Willem Mengelberg, and Victor de Sabata. This era, in which Walter and his fellow "non-Aryans," and their sympathizers, had a secure future, ended in March of 1938 when Hitler forcibly annexed Austria.

The orchestra got through the Second World War reasonably intact, due in no small measure to the efforts of Furtwangler. Despite having taken over the Berlin Philharmonic in 1930, the German-born conductor continued to devote much time and attention to the Vienna orchestra, and blocked any efforts to politicize the Philharmonic's membership or its role in public life. In addition to protecting members with Jewish ancestry, or who were married to Jews, Furtwangler saw to it that the orchestra's work was restricted to purely musical activities. Clemens Krauss also played a major role during this period in the orchestra's musical life, leading it in concerts even during the darkest days of the war. Other major guest conductors during the war included Hans Knappertsbusch and the aging Richard Strauss, who by 1944 was virtually an exile from Germany proper, and avoided arrest only by moving to Vienna. Krauss also established the tradition of the orchestra's New Year's concerts, now seen internationally on television every year -- in the middle of World War II, as a statement of Austrian identity as distinct from that of Germany, he led a performance of waltzes by Johann Strauss that became an annual tradition.

Vienna was heavily scarred by the Allied bombing during the war. The Philharmonic and the State Opera both survived, although the opera house was destroyed and not rebuilt until 1955. The years after the war were difficult -- the members of the Vienna Philharmonic survived on very short rations and precious little work, owing largely to the absence of qualified conductors. At first, Josef Krips and Erich Leinsdorf were among the very few major figures who, clear of any Nazi affiliations, were permitted to work in public at the podium. The orchestra's members were living very near to starvation, and anxious to resume their careers. They participated in recordings under the auspices of conductor Artur Rother, among others, in works such as The Tales of Hoffmann (which, as a result of Offenbach's Jewish origins, had been forbidden to them from 1938 onward).

Most notably, the orchestra was recorded by EMI in performances of Brahms' German Requiem and Beethoven's Symphonies Nos. 8 and 9 under conductor Herbert Von Karajan. Technically, Karajan was not yet legally cleared of his Nazi-era affiliations and couldn't perform in public in Vienna, and the Allied governments objected to his recording sessions with the orchestras. EMI producer Walter Legge insisted, however, that EMI was a private British company, whose affairs were outside the boundaries of the Allied government authorities where private recording sessions were concerned. The resulting performances, although recorded under somewhat primitive technical conditions (recording tape didn't come into wide use until a year or two later), were among the first important recordings made by Karajan, and the beginning of his international reputation.

By 1948, the Vienna Philharmonic found itself in the enviable position of being courted by two of the most renowned conductors of two generations, Wilhelm Furtwangler and Herbert Von Karajan. The older Furtwangler's dislike of Karajan resulted in his placing of severe restrictions on Karajan's work with the orchestra, which remained in effect until Furtwangler's death from pneumonia in November of 1954. The orchestra also made many appearances and recordings with Walter, Krauss, Knappertsbusch, Karl Bohm, Karl Schuricht, Otto Klemperer, and Erich Kleiber, either in Vienna or as part of the Salzburg Festival. Following the death of Clemens Krauss in 1954, the New Years Concerts were taken over by Willi Boskovsky, the orchestra's concertmaster, who also made numerous recordings as their conductor in a wide variety of repertory.

But it was Karajan who became the most notable of the orchestra's conductors after Furtwangler's death, and for the next 30 years. Other important conductors of the Philharmonic have included Claudio Abbado, Seiji Ozawa, James Levine, Andre Previn, Carlos Kleiber, and, perhaps most notably, Leonard Bernstein.

The celebrated American maestro made his first record with the Vienna Philharmonic, Mahler's Das Lied Von Der Erde, during the mid-'60s. At around the same time, Bernstein had made his debut with the Vienna State Opera in a celebrated new production of Richard Strauss' Der Rosenkavalier, which took the city's musical community and the world's opera lovers by storm. He followed this up several years later with an acclaimed recording of Rosenkavalier. Das Lied Von Der Erde, done under the auspices of London Records' engineers, proved among the most satisfying experiences of Bernstein's career up to that time, while his work at the Vienna State Opera and with the Philharmonic was equally enjoyable to the conductor, who had grown restless while working under the auspices of the New York Philharmonic and Columbia Records. Bernstein announced his resignation as Music Director of the New York orchestra in 1970, and his exit from Columbia Records, for which he had been recording exclusively since 1958, followed just a few years later. From the early '70s onward, he made regular appearances with the Vienna Philharmonic, and, after signing a contract with Deutsche Grammophon Records, recorded much of his key repertory anew with the Vienna orchestra.

Although few of the resulting performances sold as well as his earlier work with the New York Philharmonic on Columbia -- which had been done at a time when Bernstein was perceived as music's great new conducting star, and each new record was greeted by the classical world as the equivalent of a new album by the Beatles -- the Vienna recordings generally found great critical favor. Additionally, even if his sales didn't match those of his Columbia/New York performances of 15 years earlier, they were still a boon to the Vienna Philharmonic, not only in sheer numbers, but among two key audience groups: Americans in general, who continued to think of Bernstein as their own and would always buy his work with any orchestra; and Jewish listeners in particular, for whom Bernstein remained a special cultural hero. Up to that time, many Jewish listeners (who comprise a high percentage of classical listeners, especially in America) had kept the Vienna orchestra at arm's length because of the city's partly undeserved reputation as a center of anti-semitism before and during World War II. Bernstein's work with the orchestra overcame all of those problems, and helped give the Vienna Philharmonic the sales to match the quality of its playing. So successful and harmonious was Bernstein's association with the orchestra, that he was made an honorary member of the Philharmonic, an honor rarely accorded any conductor.

Since World War II, the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra's performances, recordings, and reputation have been unchallenged, save by the Berlin Philharmonic, which generates more sheer power in its playing, but lacks the grace and richness of the Vienna's sound. It is one of the most widely recorded orchestras in the world, and its dual status -- as a concert orchestra and an operatic orchestra, in the guise of the Vienna State Opera -- means that it has recorded many major works, both for the concert hall and the opera house, more than once, under several different conductors. It can be confusing at times, to those who buy a recording for the orchestra, but also an embarrassment of riches.

The Vienna Philharmonic's membership is drawn exclusively from the orchestra of the Vienna State Opera, and the two institutions are interchangeable. Especially during the '50s and early '60s, when recording under restrictive contract provisions, the VPO was occasionally credited as the Vienna State Opera Orchestra. The group's membership has also been criticized in certain quarters, because the Vienna Philharmonic is the last major orchestra in the world without a single female member. But its performances are virtually without peer, as evidenced by the success of its 1996 tour of America, which sold out almost as fast as the concerts were announced. ~ Bruce Eder
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Brahms: Violin Concerto; Double Concerto

Title: Violin Concerto In D Major, Op. 77

1. Violin Concerto In D Major, Op. 77: I. Allegro Non Troppo

2. Violin Concerto In D Major, Op. 77: II. Adagio

3. Violin Concerto In D Major, Op. 77: III. Allegro Giocoso, Ma Non Troppo Vivace

Title: Concerto For Violin, Cello & Orchestra In A Minor ("Double"), Op. 102

4. Concerto For Violin, Cello & Orchestra In A Minor ("Double"), Op. 102: I. Allegro

5. Concerto For Violin, Cello & Orchestra In A Minor ("Double"), Op. 102: II. Andante

6. Concerto For Violin, Cello & Orchestra In A Minor ("Double"), Op. 102: III. Vivace Non Troppo

x

Track List: Dvorák: Serenades

Title: Serenade For String Orchestra In E Major, B. 52 (Op. 22)

1. Serenade For String Orchestra In E Major, B. 52 (Op. 22): I. Moderato

2. Serenade For String Orchestra In E Major, B. 52 (Op. 22): II. Tempo Di Valse

3. Serenade For String Orchestra In E Major, B. 52 (Op. 22): III. Scherzo

4. Serenade For String Orchestra In E Major, B. 52 (Op. 22): IV. Larghetto

5. Serenade For String Orchestra In E Major, B. 52 (Op. 22): V. Finale

Title: Serenade For Winds & Strings In D Minor, B. 77 (Op. 44)

6. Serenade For Winds & Strings In D Minor, B. 77 (Op. 44): I. Moderato, Quasi Marcia

7. Serenade For Winds & Strings In D Minor, B. 77 (Op. 44): II. Minuetto And Trio (Presto)

8. Serenade For Winds & Strings In D Minor, B. 77 (Op. 44): III. Andante Con Moto

9. Serenade For Winds & Strings In D Minor, B. 77 (Op. 44): IV. Finale (Allegro Molto)

x

Track List: Famous Overtures

Disc 1
Composer: Franz von Suppé
Title: Leichte Kavallerie (Light Cavalry), Operetta

1. Leichte Kavallerie (Light Cavalry), Operetta: Light Cavalry Overture

Composer: Mikhail Glinka
Title: Overture: Ruslan And Ludmilla, G. Xivov

2. Overture: Ruslan And Ludmilla, G. Xivov: I. Overture

Composer: Giuseppe Verdi
Title: La Traviata, Opera

3. La Traviata, Opera: Prelude

Composer: Richard Wagner
Title: Die Meistersinger Von Nürnberg, Opera, Wwv 96

4. Die Meistersinger Von Nürnberg, Opera, Wwv 96: Prelude To Act 1

Composer: Hector Berlioz
Title: Grande Ouverture Des Francs-Juges, For Orchestra, H. 23d

5. Grande Ouverture Des Francs-Juges, For Orchestra, H. 23d: Grande Overture Des Francs-juges

Composer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Title: Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492

6. Le Nozze Di Figaro (The Marriage Of Figaro), Opera, K. 492: I. Overture

Composer: Ludwig van Beethoven
Title: Egmont, Incidental Music, Op. 84

7. Egmont, Incidental Music, Op. 84: Overture

Composer: Carl Maria von Weber
Title: Oberon, Overture To The Opera

8. Oberon, Overture To The Opera: Oberon: Overture

Composer: Johannes Brahms
Title: Academic Festival Overture, For Orchestra In C Minor ("Akademische Festouvertüre"), Op. 80

9. Academic Festival Overture, For Orchestra In C Minor ("Akademische Festouvertüre"), Op. 80: Academic Festival Overture, Op. 80

Composer: Franz von Suppé
Title: Pique Dame (The Queen Of Spades), Operetta

10. Pique Dame (The Queen Of Spades), Operetta: Pique Dame (The Queen Of Spades) Operetta

Disc 2
Title: Ein Morgen, Ein Mittag, Ein Abend In Wien (Morning Noon And Night In Vienna), Overture From The Incidental Music

1. Ein Morgen, Ein Mittag, Ein Abend In Wien (Morning Noon And Night In Vienna), Overture From The Incidental Music: Morning Noon And Night In Vienna Overture

Composer: Gioachino Rossini
Title: Overture To Il Barbiere Di Siviglia (The Barber Of Seville)

2. Overture To Il Barbiere Di Siviglia (The Barber Of Seville): Il Barbiere Di Siviglia

Composer: Alexander Borodin
Title: Prince Igor, Opera (Completed By Rimsky-korsakov & Glazunov)

3. Prince Igor, Opera (Completed By Rimsky-korsakov & Glazunov): Prince Igor: Polovtsian March

Composer: Georges Bizet
Title: Carmen, Opera

4. Carmen, Opera: Prelude

Composer: Richard Wagner
Title: Der Fliegende Holländer (The Flying Dutchman), Opera, Wwv 63

5. Der Fliegende Holländer (The Flying Dutchman), Opera, Wwv 63: Overture

Composer: Ludwig van Beethoven
Title: Leonore Overture No. 3 In C Major, Op. 72b

6. Leonore Overture No. 3 In C Major, Op. 72b: Leonora No.3

Composer: Engelbert Humperdinck (Classical Composer)
Title: Hänsel Und Gretel, Opera

7. Hänsel Und Gretel, Opera: Overture

Composer: Modest Mussorgsky
Title: Dawn On The Moscow River, Prelude For Orchestra (from Khovanshchina), Edited By Rimsky-Korsakov

8. Dawn On The Moscow River, Prelude For Orchestra (from Khovanshchina), Edited By Rimsky-Korsakov: Prelude

Composer: Franz von Suppé
Title: Dichter Und Bauer (Poet And Peasant), Overture To The Operetta

9. Dichter Und Bauer (Poet And Peasant), Overture To The Operetta: Poet And Peasant Overture

x

Track List: Great Recordings Of The Century - Mozart: Die Zauberflote

Disc 1
Title: Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute), Opera, K. 620
Disc 2
x

Track List: Janácek: Operas

Disc 1
Title: Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4

1. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Act I. Prelude

2. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Uz Se Vecer Chýlí

3. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Co To Robís, Mládku?

4. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Co Ty, Jenufo

5. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Dusa Moja, Stevo, Stevusko!

6. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: A Tak Bychom Sli Celym Zivotem

7. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Stevo, Stevo, Ja Vim

8. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Jak Razem Vsecko To Stevkovo Vypinani Schliplo

9. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Act II Prelude

10. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Necham Jeste Dvere Otevreny

11. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Ba, Ta Tvoje Okenicka Uz Pres Dvacet Nedel

12. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Tetko Kostelnicko, Poslala Jste Cedulku

13. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Ale Videl Jsem Vchazet Sohaje

Disc 2

1. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Co Chvila...co Chvila

2. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Mamicko, Mam Tezkou Hlavu

3. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Kdo To Je?

4. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Tot Zrovna Jde!

5. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Neni Ti Teskno, Jenufko?

6. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Dej Buh Stesti

7. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Vidis Laco, Ja To Tusila

8. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: A Hen...uz Jsou Tu!

9. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: To Bylo Nakeho

10. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Chud Atko!

11. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Jeste Jsem Tu Ja!

12. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Vstante, Pestounko Moja!

13. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Odesli

14. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Final Scene ('Odesli' ) In The Orchestration By Karel Kovarovic

Title: Jealousy (Zárlivost), overture for orchestra, JW 6/10

15. Jealousy (Zárlivost), overture for orchestra, JW 6/10: Jealousy (Zárlivost), Overture For Orchestra

Disc 3
Title: Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4

1. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Prelude

2. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Dostaneme Bourku

3. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Kmotrenka Zakoncertovala Si Take?

4. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Mami!

5. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Pantomime

6. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Change Of Scene

7. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: To Cucis Lapakul!?

8. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Ze Nevis, Co Mame?

9. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Pantomime (2)

10. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Melas Delat Podliva Mne!

11. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Hled'te, Sestry Jakeho Mate Vudce!

12. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Ach!

13. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Ano, Ve Strani Bude Daleko Lepe

14. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Domu? Pro Ten Snupec Tveho Spani?

15. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Bud'to Mam Teziste Pohyblive

16. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Pomni, Abys Byl Dobrym Muzem!

17. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Bozinku, Ten Je Hezke!

18. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Kradla Jsem!

19. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Zlatohrbitek, Lisak S Krouzkovymi Pesiky

20. Jenufa, Opera, JW 1/4: Kdybyste Vedeli, Co Ja Videla

Disc 4
Title: The Cunning Little Vixen (Príhody Lisky Bystrousky), Opera, JW 1/9
Title: The Cunning Little Vixen, suite for orchestra (arranged and orchestrated by Václav Talich)
Disc 6
Title: From The House Of The Dead (Z Mrtvého Domu), Opera, Jw 1/11

1. From The House Of The Dead (Z Mrtvého Domu), Opera, Jw 1/11: Isaj, Prorok Bozi

2. From The House Of The Dead (Z Mrtvého Domu), Opera, Jw 1/11: Ma Detatka Mila

3. From The House Of The Dead (Z Mrtvého Domu), Opera, Jw 1/11: A Ja Byl, Bratricku, Az Do Svatby Zpit!

4. From The House Of The Dead (Z Mrtvého Domu), Opera, Jw 1/11: S Filkou Jste Se Opet Spratelili?

5. From The House Of The Dead (Z Mrtvého Domu), Opera, Jw 1/11: Petrovici! Ja Jsem Te Urazil

Title: The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10

6. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Prelude

7. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Ach Je, Ach Boze!

8. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Tati, Ta Marty Je Ohromna

9. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Tady Prosim, Jenom Racte

10. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Konecne!... Dobre, Gregore!

11. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Emilie!...pro Tebe Nejsem Emilie

12. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Nasli Jsme! Nasli!

Disc 7

1. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Videli Ty Kytice?

2. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Janku, Pojd' Sem - Helmuth Froschauer

3. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Dovolte, Dovolte, Prosim

4. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Dalsi. Kdo Mi Co Chce?

5. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Dovolte Mi Drive Otazku

6. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Tos Ty, Bertiku

7. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: To Jsi Ty, Bertiku

8. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Nu? Slysite?

9. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Buenos Dias, Maxi!

10. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Pecitko S Inicialkou

11. The Makropulos Case (Vec Makropulos), opera, JW 1/10: Pro Lekare!

Disc 8
Title: Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8

1. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Zazrak!

2. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Pojd'me Mu S Cesty!

3. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Proc Bych Neodpovedel?

4. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Co Pak Je?

5. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Ches-li Matky Poslechnout

6. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Tak Vidis, Porad Jen Pro Ni!

7. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Interlude 1, Act 1

8. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Vis, Co Mi Napadlo

9. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Nu Coz?

10. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Je Cas, Tichone

11. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Vida, Chvastala Jsi Se

12. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Vida! Nestesti!

13. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Nic Zvlastniho

14. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Act 2: Interlude

15. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Nikoho Tu Neni!

16. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Vida, Taky Si Vysel Na Toulku!

17. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Za Vodou, Za Vodickou

18. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Jste To Vy, Katerino Petrovno?

19. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: To Jste Si Vymyslily Peknou Vec!

Disc 9

1. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Krape!

2. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Celeho Mne To Pokropilo!

3. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Pssst! Pssst! Zda Se, Ze Je To On!

4. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Ach, Varvaro!

5. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Ach Glaso!

6. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Videt Se S Nim

7. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Svedl Nas Buh!

8. Káta Kabanová, Opera, JW 1/8: Ptacci Prileti Na Mohylu

Title: Sinfonietta For Orchestra ("Military," "Sokol Festival"), Jw 6/18

9. Sinfonietta For Orchestra ("Military," "Sokol Festival"), Jw 6/18: I. Fanfares

10. Sinfonietta For Orchestra ("Military," "Sokol Festival"), Jw 6/18: II. the Castle

11. Sinfonietta For Orchestra ("Military," "Sokol Festival"), Jw 6/18: III. the Queen's Monastary

12. Sinfonietta For Orchestra ("Military," "Sokol Festival"), Jw 6/18: IV. the Street

13. Sinfonietta For Orchestra ("Military," "Sokol Festival"), Jw 6/18: V. the Town

Title: Taras Bulba, Rhapsody For Orchestra, Jw 6/15

14. Taras Bulba, Rhapsody For Orchestra, Jw 6/15: I. The Death of Andrei

15. Taras Bulba, Rhapsody For Orchestra, Jw 6/15: II. The Death of Ostap

16. Taras Bulba, Rhapsody For Orchestra, Jw 6/15: III. Prophecy and Death of Taras Bulba

x

Track List: New Year's Concert 2013

Composer: Josef Strauss
Title: Die Soubrette, Polka Schnell, Op. 109
Composer: Johann Strauss II
Title: Kuß-walzer (Kiss Waltz), For Orchestra, Op. 400 (Rv 400)
Composer: Josef Strauss
Title: Theater-quadrille, Op. 213
Composer: Johann Strauss II
Title: Aus Den Bergen (From The Mountains), Waltz For Orchestra, Op. 292
Composer: Franz von Suppé
Title: Leichte Kavallerie (Light Cavalry), Operetta
Composer: Josef Strauss
Title: Sphären-klänge (Music Of The Spheres), Walzer, Op. 235
Title: Die Spinnerin, Polka Francaise, Op. 192
Composer: Richard Wagner
Title: Lohengrin, Opera, Wwv 75
Composer: Josef Strauss
Title: Hesperus-bahnen, Walzer, Op. 279
Title: Gallopin, Polka Schnell, Op. 237
Composer: Joseph (Josef) Lanner
Title: Steyrische Tänze (Styrian Dances), For 2 Violins, Viola & Double Bass, Op. 165
Composer: Johann Strauss II
Title: Melodien-quadrille (Melodies Quadrille), For Orchestra (On Themes By Verdi), Op. 112
Composer: Giuseppe Verdi
Title: Don Carlo, Opera
Composer: Johann Strauss II
Title: Wo Die Zitronen Blüh'n! (Where The Lemons Bloom), Waltz For Orchestra, Op. 364 (Rv 364)
Composer: Johann Strauss I
Title: Erinnerung An Ernst Oder Der Carneval In Venedig, Fantasia For Orchestra, Op. 126
Composer: Josef Strauss
Title: Plappermaulchen Polka For Orchestra, Op 245
Composer: Spoken Word
Title: New Year's Address
Composer: Johann Strauss II
Title: An Der Schönen, Blauen Donau (On The Beautiful, Blue Danube), Waltz For Orchestra (With Chorus Ad Lib), Op. 314 (Rv 314)
Composer: Johann Strauss I
Title: Radetzky-marsch, For Orchestra, Op. 228
x

Track List: R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Kleiber, Reining, Weber, Jurinac, et al

Disc 1
Title: Der Rosenkavalier, Opera, Op. 59 (Trv 227)
Disc 2
Disc 3
x

Track List: Schubert: Symphonies (Complete) [Box Set]

Disc 1
Title: Die Zauberharfe, Melodrama, D. 644
Title: Rosamunde, Fürstin Von Cypern, Incidental Music, D. 797 (Op. 26)
Title: Symphony No. 3 in D major, D. 200
Title: Symphony No. 8 In B Minor ("Unfinished"), D. 759
Disc 2
Title: Symphony No. 2 in B flat major, D. 125
Title: Symphony No. 4 in C minor ("Tragic"), D. 417
Disc 3
Title: Symphony No. 1 in D major, D. 82
Title: Symphony No. 5 In B Flat Major, D. 485
Title: Symphony No. 9 In C Major ("The Great"), D. 944
Disc 4
Title: Symphony No. 6 in C major ("Little C Major"), D. 589
x

Track List: Strauss: Sinfonia Domestica / Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme

Title: Sinfonia Domestica For Orchestra, Op. 53 (TrV 209)
Title: Der Bürger Als Edelmann (Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme), Suite From The Ballet For Orchestra, Op. 60-IIIa (TrV 228c)
x

Track List: Summer Night Concert: Schonbrunn 2010

Composer: John Williams (Composer)
Title: Star Wars, Episode IV: A New Hope, Film Score

1. Star Wars, Episode IV: A New Hope, Film Score: Suite I. Main Title

Composer: Josef Strauss
Title: Sphären-klänge (Music Of The Spheres), Walzer, Op. 235

2. Sphären-klänge (Music Of The Spheres), Walzer, Op. 235: Spharenklange Op. 235: Walzer

Composer: Franz Liszt
Title: Piano Concerto No. 2 In A Major, S. 125 (Lw H6)

3. Piano Concerto No. 2 In A Major, S. 125 (Lw H6): I. Adagio Sostenuto Assai - Allegro Agitato Assai

4. Piano Concerto No. 2 In A Major, S. 125 (Lw H6): II. Allegro Moderato

5. Piano Concerto No. 2 In A Major, S. 125 (Lw H6): III. Allegro Deciso - Marziale Un Poco Meno Allegro

6. Piano Concerto No. 2 In A Major, S. 125 (Lw H6): IV. Allegro Animato

Title: Andante, Etude For Piano In E Flat Major (Grand Paganini Étude No. 2), S. 141/2 (LW A173/2)

7. Andante, Etude For Piano In E Flat Major (Grand Paganini Étude No. 2), S. 141/2 (LW A173/2): No. 2 In Etude In E Flat Major

Composer: John Williams (Composer)
Title: Star Wars, Episode IV: A New Hope, Film Score

8. Star Wars, Episode IV: A New Hope, Film Score: Suite II. Princess Leia's Theme

9. Star Wars, Episode IV: A New Hope, Film Score: Imperial Attack

Composer: Joseph (Josef) Lanner
Title: Abendsterne Waltz, For 3 Violins & Double-bass, Op. 180

10. Abendsterne Waltz, For 3 Violins & Double-bass, Op. 180: Abendsterne Waltz

Composer: Otto Nicolai
Title: Die Lustigen Weiber Von Windsor, Opera

11. Die Lustigen Weiber Von Windsor, Opera: Mondaufgang (Moonrise)

Composer: Gustav Holst
Title: The Planets, Suite For Orchestra & Female Chorus, Op. 32, H. 125

12. The Planets, Suite For Orchestra & Female Chorus, Op. 32, H. 125: Mars, The Bringer Of War

Composer: Johann Strauss II
Title: Wiener Blut (Vienna Blood), Waltz For Orchestra, Op. 354 (Rv 354)

13. Wiener Blut (Vienna Blood), Waltz For Orchestra, Op. 354 (Rv 354): Vienna Blood, Op. 354

x

Track List: Tchaikovsky: Ballet Suites

Title: The Swan Lake, Suite, Op. 20a

1. The Swan Lake, Suite, Op. 20a: I. Scene (Lake In The Moonlight)

2. The Swan Lake, Suite, Op. 20a: Waltz

3. The Swan Lake, Suite, Op. 20a: III. Pas De Quatre

4. The Swan Lake, Suite, Op. 20a: IV. Scene & Dans Van Zwanenkoningin

5. The Swan Lake, Suite, Op. 20a: V. Hungargian Dance

6. The Swan Lake, Suite, Op. 20a: VI. Scene (Finale)

Title: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite For Orchestra, Op. 66a

7. The Sleeping Beauty, Suite For Orchestra, Op. 66a: Introduction - The Lilac Fairy

8. The Sleeping Beauty, Suite For Orchestra, Op. 66a: Adagio - Pas D'action

9. The Sleeping Beauty, Suite For Orchestra, Op. 66a: Characteristic Dance

10. The Sleeping Beauty, Suite For Orchestra, Op. 66a: Panorama

11. The Sleeping Beauty, Suite For Orchestra, Op. 66a: Waltz

Title: Nutcracker, Suite From The Ballet, Op. 71a

12. Nutcracker, Suite From The Ballet, Op. 71a: I. Ouverture Miniature. Allegro Giusto

13. Nutcracker, Suite From The Ballet, Op. 71a: a. March: Tempo Di Marcia Viva

14. Nutcracker, Suite From The Ballet, Op. 71a: b. Danse De La Fée Dragée

15. Nutcracker, Suite From The Ballet, Op. 71a: c. Danse Russe (Trépak). Tempo Di Trepak. Molto Vivace

16. Nutcracker, Suite From The Ballet, Op. 71a: d. Danse Arabe: Allegretto

17. Nutcracker, Suite From The Ballet, Op. 71a: e. Danse Chinoise: Allegro Moderato

18. Nutcracker, Suite From The Ballet, Op. 71a: f. Danse Des Mirlitons: Moderato Assai

19. Nutcracker, Suite From The Ballet, Op. 71a: Waltz Of The Flowers (Nutcracker)

x

Track List: Wagner: Der Ring Des Nibelungen (1982 Orchestral Excerpts)

Title: Die Walküre (The Valkyrie), Opera, Wwv 86b

1. Die Walküre (The Valkyrie), Opera, Wwv 86b: The Ride Of The Valkyries

Title: Das Rheingold (The Rhine Gold), Opera, Wwv 86a

2. Das Rheingold (The Rhine Gold), Opera, Wwv 86a: Act 1: Entrance Of The Gods Into Valhalla

Title: Die Walküre (The Valkyrie), Opera, Wwv 86b

3. Die Walküre (The Valkyrie), Opera, Wwv 86b: Act 2: Wotan's Farewell

Title: Siegfried, Opera, Wwv 86c

4. Siegfried, Opera, Wwv 86c: Forest Murmurs

5. Siegfried, Opera, Wwv 86c: Siegfried's Funeral Music

Title: Die Götterdämmerung (Twilight Of The Gods), Opera, Wwv 86d

6. Die Götterdämmerung (Twilight Of The Gods), Opera, Wwv 86d: Act 3: Finale

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